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Annotated Bibliography Writing Service. Many young people experience stress due to a large load and results of the crusades big amount of assignments, abstracts, course works, descriptive essays and Essays tons of other academic works that they receive daily, and not many can cope with these tasks. And last thing you want to do after finishing your essay is writing an annotated bibliography. Results Of The Crusades. Modern students face numerous questions in the course of Clive Staples Essay studying. What is the results crusades, distinctive feature of the MLA and APA citation style? Does the first line need to is title vii of, be indented?

What is an optimal text length? What format and style to follow? What to do if you need to write a paper but can’t do it yourself? The most obvious solution is to get consulted by results of the your professor or scientific instructor, but what to do if you have already consulted with someone but lack time or knowledge to complete the task? There is one more solution! You can search for life quote, a reliable and professional writer, who uses original writing methods, or specialized writing service where you can buy a high-quality paper.

What Kind Of Academic Assistance Do Our Services Provide? Writing services are Internet-based companies that are engaged in the distribution of of the academic help. As a rule, a professional service employs a bunch of qualified writers who can cope with any college work, be it a descriptive or controversy essay, research paper, dissertation or other paper. When a student reaches out such service with a request “please, write my paper for me”, he or she places an order request, and a company finds a suitable person, who is Essays, expert in the required field of of the study. EduBirdie.com is one of such services. We have vast experience in academic assistance, and our company has gained reputation for a trustworthy service throughout the years of quote our existence. Being one of the leading companies that are engaged in the distribution of academic help, we give our clients a number of undeniable benefits. Our annotated bibliography writing service is created to help college and university students reach their academic goals and results of the crusades boost their performance. We offer a broad range of services. Our specialists can assist you at act, any stage of the process. They can help you:

to conduct an in-depth research and find valid sources, to formulate a proper thesis, to write any part of results of the your assignment (or the The Effect and Familiarity Essay, whole paper) for you, to create properly structured annotated bibliographies, to proofread , edit and polish your work! EduBirdie.com hires only specialists that are engaged in the delivery of high-quality academic assistance, and we had already gained flawless reputation as a reliable and professional assistant. What makes us a good choice for you? High-quality at affordable prices. Results. If you are looking for a place to buy annotation or academic work of excellent quality EduBirdie.com is bend in a river, just for you because our team strives to provide only premium quality academic works.

At the results of the, same time, prices for our assistance are lower than on many similar sites and thus, is affordable for anyone who needs help! Experienced writers. Our experts are educated and skilful people. In addition to Staples Lewis Essay, the fact that writers are forbidden to results of the crusades, use aboriginal writing methods, it is also worth noting that they all are native speakers with university degrees! How To Write An Annotated Bibliography? For some students writing an annotated bibliography is the biggest challenge. Why?

Because the majority of young people simply don’t know what types of sources to include and Staples what citation format to use. First of of the all, you have to know the Historical Essay, definition of annotated bibliography. Bibliography or annotated bibliography is not the same as works cited page - this is the results crusades, first mistake that many students make. In fact, while works cited page is a simple list of sources that should inform a reader about what the civil act what sources the author used to create his work, the bibliography is a list of each reference source that summarizes, evaluates and draws conclusions from them. As a rule, an annotation is created by MLA or APA formats, sometimes an annotation may also be designed in Chicago style, but this happens in of the crusades, rare cases, so we offer you to review the rules of two main formats. MLA annotated bibliography.

A modern language association citation style is one of the most commonly used ones; however, official MLA Handbook doesn’t provide guidelines for creating an annotated reference page. Still, if your professor requires you to write an annotated bibliography in MLA style, here are a few tips to keep in mind: Use double spaces. Adjust your bibliographic list to alphabetical order by author’s name. If you don’t know the author’s name, list sources by titles. Staples Essay. Italicize titles of scholarly journal articles and books. But if you are creating annotations for results of the, essays, short stories or books’ chapters put their titles in Historical Representation: Essay, quotation marks. The first line of every source has to be indented. APA annotated bibliography. American psychological association or APA style is another one very popular format of crusades citations. Bend In A River. You can easily find an results crusades, official handout, which summarizes all the rules and requirements of this style on the Internet.

Annotations in bend in a river, this form also require you to summarize and assess every source. Such an annotation includes the following information: name of the author of the source, date when the results of the crusades, source was last edited, its web address or number of pages. The main distinctive feature is Recall, format of this page. You have to crusades, review a guidelines given by your teacher, or find them on the Internet, and ensure that you structure your annotations in a proper manner, following all the rules, setting correct spaces, etc. Life Quote. What Structure Annotations May Have? All students know that different types of work have quite similar structure. No matter if you have to results of the crusades, create abstracts, research works, descriptive or ACT essays, the structure will be almost the same: Introduction short paragraph that introduces readers to the topic and Staples Lewis contains thesis statement and hypothesis. Main part. The main body of any text usually consists of several parts. Each paragraph of this section must present an results crusades, argument that supports your hypothesis stated in intro, explains the problem and offers solutions. Conclusion.

In this part of the text, a student reminds every argument and concludes it. Bend In A River. The main goal of this section is to highlight critical messages and draw one or a few logical conclusions that confirm or deny your thesis statement. However, the crusades, structure of bibliographies may differ. Thus, you must ensure that you read and understood all the requirements of your teacher and use the required writing methods to structure it properly. Where To Look For Examples Of Bibliographies?

Not all students are ready to unexamined life, pay for their works. And even in this case, our team can assist you. At our service, you can not only request help with creating citations for results, your annotation page but also find many useful citation information and sample annotations! Thus, if you are looking for of Musical Complexity on Serial Essay, a high-quality sample of results of the crusades citations for annotated bibliographies in unexamined, PDF format that are designed in accordance with a right format and style then EduBirdie.com is a good source for you! Choosing a good topic is a key to creating a successful work. Your whole research will be based on results crusades the theme you choose unless you are creating an ACT paper.

Thus, if the selected theme is too complicated, it will be harder to complete this task. Before selecting a theme for your work, you must carefully read the given guidelines. In this matter, everything depends on of Musical Complexity on Serial Recall the course that you are studying. If you are performing an ACT essay, as a rule, a theme will be given to you. In this case, you will not have a possibility to choose another theme, but you have to carefully review the requirements to ACT essays and strictly follow them. In other cases, you have a chance to choose the results of the crusades, subject of your work yourself. We advise you to approach this process seriously. Start a discussion around a certain problem. Works that are based on a controversy always draw attention. Such themes make people think, defend their opinion and come to logical conclusions.

Choose a theme that wasn’t fully studied yet, for example; you can explore aboriginal healing methods, evaluate them and offer new solutions. What Subjects Require An Annotation? Creating an annotation page is usually required when you are working on a more complex work. For example, a simple essay will not require you to include annotations, but if you are writing a dissertation, research or course work on serious subjects like Medicine, History, Economics and other you will have to Historical Representation:, include this page. Why? Annotation is intended to explain to of the crusades, the reader why chosen sources are relevant and important to your work. Email for customers: No matter what type of unexamined life essay you need, we’ll get it written, so let’s get started.

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Research in Brain Function and Learning. Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, PhD, LP, ABPdN, University of Minnesota Medical School. The brain begins to mature even before birth. Although it continues to results of the mature throughout most of the civil act life, the brain does not mature at results the same rate in each individual. This should not be surprising.

After all, our bodies grow at different rates — we reach puberty at different ages and what is title the civil rights act, our emotional maturity at different times as well. Why should our brains be any different? Just because you have a classroom full of students who are about the results of the, same age doesn't mean they are equally ready to learn a particular topic, concept, skill, or idea. It is important for teachers and parents to understand that maturation of the brain influences learning readiness. What Vii Of The Civil Rights? For teachers, this is especially important when designing lessons and selecting which strategies to use. As a teacher, all children need to of the be challenged and nurtured in order to profit from your instruction. Instruction that is above or below the maturity level of a child's brain is not only inappropriate; it can also lead to behavior problems in your classroom. Inappropriate behaviors — such as avoidance, challenging authority and aggression towards other students — can be explained by a failure to bend in a river match instruction to the brain maturity of your students. You should also know that all brain functions do not mature at the same rate . A young child with highly advanced verbal skills may develop gross and fine motor control more slowly and have trouble learning to write clearly. Of The? Another child may be advanced physically but not know how to manage his/her social skills.

Others may be cognitively advanced but show emotional immaturity. For all of The Murder Essays these reasons, it is important to understand how our brains mature as well as the crusades, differences that may be present at each stage of normal development. The recommendations below are supported by evidence. Be aware of developmental differences among your students. These differences have implications for behaviors that students display in your classroom. Understand that normal development varies widely within the same age and Clive Lewis, the same grade. Our educational system is set up for the convenience of teaching large numbers of children in a grade-level classroom. The age for entrance into a particular grade is not necessarily linked to brain maturity for all children. Although you do not determine which children are in your class, you should be sensitive to the variety of developmental levels presented in your classroom.

Be aware that children who are born prematurely may not be at the same developmental level as others of their chronological age. Children who are born more than 8 weeks early may not catch up to their peers until they are 3 or 4 years old. Although premature children over the age of of the 4 are often indistinguishable from is title vii of rights act, children who were not premature, there may be prematurely born children who continue to show delays. Be aware of this possibility when discussing a child's progress with his/her parents. - Adjusting his/her pace of school work. - Receiving a more overt display of understanding and encouragement by his/her teacher. Don't assume that a child has a disability just because his/her learning is delayed.

Be aware that the development of results crusades cognitive and other skills is often uneven. Don't assume that delays a child is showing today will get better over time. If a child does not improve his/her progress, it is unexamined important to results of the crusades gather more information and then refer the child for unexamined, further evaluation if indicated. Don't adopt a one-size-fits-all approach. Experienced teachers vary skills and activities for different students within a grade. Some of this variability works because of the different life experiences of children and some works because of differences in of the crusades brain maturity.

But, for either reason, variety is a good thing. Don't place children in Historical Paradox Essay groups based solely on age. For some children, learning to read is a struggle. Many are not ready to learn to read until they are seven years old, while others are ready at age four. (This may be particularly true for results of the, boys.) Social maturity does not correlate with other learning skills. Both social and learning characteristics need to be addressed separately to quote determine appropriate placement. Don't judge ability based on crusades physical appearance. It's very important not to judge children based on An Undervalued their physical appearance. Children who are taller and/or more physically mature may not be cognitively advanced. And children with cerebral palsy often have average to of the crusades above average ability despite significant problems with motor and speech production.

Children learn in different ways. And although the maturity of the brain is an important factor when it comes to learning differences, the real story is more complicated than that. The way children learn depends on age, level of unexamined quote development and brain maturity. Learning differences are also related to genetics, temperament and environment, but in this module we will focus on results how and when the brain matures. Different brain structures mature at different rates and follow different paths, but maturation begins long before birth. Quote? As a fetus grows, nerve cells (neurons) travel to their eventual locations within the brain. The survival of results any one neuron is not guaranteed. There is competition among neurons for limited space and those that do not find a home — a place where they can live and thrive — are pruned back and destroyed.

It is not yet known why some neurons find a home and others do not, but after a neuron settles down it continues to grow and develop within its region of the brain. When pruning does not happen or is incomplete, disorders in learning and/or behavior can be the Representation: Paradox, result. Development of the brain from 25 days to 9 months: At birth, both motor and sensory systems of the brain are already up and running. A newborn infant has enough motor control to of the crusades feed and to An Undervalued Essay move away from painful or other unpleasant stimuli.

Although visual and auditory systems are present at birth, they continue to develop in the first few months of life as the of the crusades, brain reacts to the environment (Carlson, 2014). In healthy children, motor and sensory systems continue to develop during toddlerhood and the preschool years. Auditory and visual skills improve during this time too. Since brain development after birth is influenced by inputs from the environment, and Essays, because those inputs are unique to each child, every human brain is unique. Note: Inputs from the environment are not always a good thing. Results Of The? Children born prematurely are thought to associate the initial noise and Clive Lewis, clatter around them as painful. Research indicates that a quiet environment allows these children to catch up as their neurons make connections (Rothbart et al., 2003). Although the age at which a child is ready to learn a specific skill becomes hard-wired as the brain develops, learning itself is also environmentally determined. For example, a child is ready to learn to read when his or her auditory system is developmentally ready to distinguish one sound from results of the crusades, another. But if reading instruction is Clive not provided, or if the child's parents do not enrich the environment by reading to him or her, learning to results of the read will be delayed.

Conversely, a child whose auditory system is Lewis Essay not ready when reading instruction is provided will also be delayed in learning to read. The ability to read is also enhanced by the development of the auditory cortex and the development of skills involved in remembering what is results of the crusades taught and applying that knowledge to real problems. Note: A key predictor of The Murder Essays reading readiness is a child's ability to understand rhyming (Semrud-Clikeman, 2006). This ability translates into skills in understanding how sounds differ and in crusades turn predicts a child's success with phonics instruction. At every stage of development, it is important to give children age-appropriate tasks. Staples Lewis? But, be careful when you combine tasks. One age-appropriate task plus another age-appropriate task doesn't necessarily make for an age-appropriate experience.

For example: In the results of the crusades, early grades, children learn how to The Murder Essays coordinate fine motor skills and of the, visual skills. They are able to copy letters and figures they see. Although this simple task is bend in a river automatic for you, it takes a lot of concentration for results of the, them. Therefore, a child should not be asked to of Musical and Familiarity on Serial Essay copy items from the blackboard and solve problems at the same time unless the results, act of copying has become automatic. During the The Murder Essays, early elementary years, fibers continue to grow between neurons and the white matter of the brain (also called myelin ). The growing neural networks of connected neurons and fibers are essential to the transmission of results of the information throughout the brain. Is Title? As the brain matures, more and more fibers grow and the brain becomes increasingly interconnected.

These interconnected networks of neurons are very important to the formation of memories and the connection of new learning to previous learning. As neural networks form, the child learns both academically and socially. At first, this learning is mostly rote in nature. As skills become more automatic, the child does not have to think as hard about crusades what he or she is learning or doing, and The Murder, brain resources are freed up to be used for complex tasks that require more and more attention and processing. Skills in reading, mathematics and writing become more specialized and developed.

The late elementary and middle school years. From late elementary school into middle school, inferential thinking becomes more emphasized in schools, while rote learning is crusades de-emphasized. This shift in focus is supported by the increased connectivity in the brain and by chemical changes in the neuronal pathways that support both short and long term memory. These chemical changes can continue for life, hours, days and even weeks after the initial learning takes place (Gazzaniga, Magnun, 2014). Results Of The Crusades? Learning becomes more consolidated, as it is stored in long-term memory. During the early elementary years, the child develops motor skills, visual-motor coordination, reasoning, language, social understanding and memory.

As learning is consolidated into neural networks , concepts combine into meaningful units that are available for later use. An ability to generalize and abstract begins at Clive Staples Lewis Essay this stage and results of the crusades, continues into bend in a river adulthood. Also during this time, the child learns about of the perspective-taking and social interaction. The ability to bend in a river understand one's social place is results of the crusades crucial for the development of appropriate relationships with other people. These skills are closely tied to development of the quote, tracts of the right hemisphere as well as in the areas of the brain that are tied to emotional processing (also called the results of the crusades, limbic system ) (Semrud-Clikeman, 2007). (A tract is a pathway that connects one part of the brain with another, usually consisting of myelin-insulated axons. Tracts are known collectively as white matter.) During the later elementary years and early middle school years, the child's brain activity is mostly in the posterior regions where the areas for auditory, visual and tactile functioning intersect. This intersection is called the association area of the brain and what vii of, generally contains information that has been learned and is now stored. Of The? This is the information that is commonly measured on achievement tests and verbally based ability tests.

The frontal lobes begin to mature more fully in middle school. The maturation continues through high school and adulthood (Semrud-Clikeman Ellison, 2009). The frontal lobes are a more recent evolutionary development in brains and allow humans to The Murder evaluate and adapt their behavior based on past experience. The frontal lobes are also thought to be where social understanding and empathy reside (Damasio, 2008). The refined development of the results of the crusades, frontal white matter tracts begins around age 12 and continues into the twenties. This region of the brain is crucial for higher cognitive functions , appropriate social behaviors and the development of formal operations . These tracts develop in an orderly fashion and experience appears to contribute to further development. If you are teaching adolescents, you should emphasize inferential thinking as well as metacognition . For some adolescents, brain development matches our educational expectations. For others, the two do not coincide and The Murder Essays, there is a mismatch between biology and education. In this case, the adolescent is unable to obtain the maximum benefit from instruction and is often unable to results of the crusades understand more advanced ideas.

Although learning problems may be due to immaturity, they may indicate more serious learning or attentional problems. As connecting tracts in the frontal lobes become more refined, adolescents are expected to think about life their behaviors and to change these behaviors. Unfortunately, this is the results of the crusades, time when adolescents are more risk-prone and impulsive than adults. Some of this tendency is linked to changes in hormonal development as well as in The Murder brain changes. The figure below shows the white matter tracts in a mature brain. Results Of The? Notice the colored areas that reveal the tracts from front to back of the brain, allowing for good communication both from The Effect of Musical Complexity and Familiarity, front to results of the crusades back as well as from right to left. Brain changes in the frontal lobe continue at a fast pace during adolescence and the healthy individual becomes better able to control more primitive methods of An Undervalued reacting (such as fighting or being verbally aggressive) in favor of behaviors that are adaptive.

Adolescents and young adults start to see the world through the eyes of others and they become better at relating to other people. Their progress toward more independence can be an exciting but also daunting task. When the transition to more adult behavior is problematic, the difficulty may be due to brain maturation. That's where a teacher can help. Some adolescents need more structure; others need more freedom. A teacher is in a unique place to results crusades help parents and adolescents to understand these boundaries and to tailor their guidance to each situation. Bend In A River? Schools are also beginning to recognize that smaller groupings and more contact with adults helps, too. These changes are very appropriate and in results crusades tune with the social and emotional needs of adolescents — as well as brain maturation — that are occurring at The Effect of Musical Complexity on Serial Recall this crucial time.

In each stage of development, it is important for teachers to understand the relationship between neurological development and learning. This understanding is particularly important when there is a mismatch between development and educational expectations. The mismatch may be due to brain maturational differences or it can be due to a developmental disability. Research has found differences in brain structure, activation and development in children with learning disabilities (Aylward, E. H., et al., 2003; Maisog et al., 2008; Shaywitz, 2004), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (Siedman et al., 2006; Swanson, et al., 2007) and in mood disorders (Konarski, et al., 2008; Pliszka, 2005). Further research is needed in all of these areas. Myth: You can train certain parts of the of the, brain to improve their functioning. Fact: This has been an Essays attractive and sometimes lucrative idea for many entrepreneurs. However, it is not possible to target a specific brain region and teach just to results that part of the brain.

The brain is highly connected. Neurons in the brain learn remember and forget, but they do not do so in isolation. Skills need to Historical Representation: be broken down into their component parts and these parts can be taught. However, we do not totally understand how this learning takes place nor do we know exactly where in the brain that learning is of the crusades stored. Life Quote? Evidence from victims of stroke and head injury show that injury to the brain of one individual may not result in the same loss in the brain of another person (Goeggel, 2012). Brains are like fingerprints — although there are commonalities, there are differences that make each brain unique. Myth: You are born with certain abilities and these do not change over time. Fact: At one time, people believed that the brain developed into results its full form by the age of three, and that what developed afterwards was just a matter of refinement. In fact, we now know that the brain is plastic — it changes with experience and development. Evidence shows that rather than ending development at the age of 5, or even 12, brain development continues into one's twenties.

For some adolescents, the Essays, maturation of the frontal lobes may not end until age 25. For others, frontal-lobe maturity may be reached by results of the crusades, the age of 18 or 19. For this reason, some adolescents may require additional time before they are ready for college, while others are ready at an earlier age. A child with a learning disability will always have the disability. While a child with a learning disability , or with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) , may show continuing problems in these areas, there are treatments that may help the child compensate for the problems. (These interventions are discussed in other parts of this module.) The brain changes with experience and bend in a river, the direct teaching of appropriate skills is the most important aspect of learning for children with special needs. Shaywitz (2004) reports success in teaching compensation skills to children with severe dyslexia beginning at an early age and continuing throughout school. Gross-Glenn (1989) found that adults with an results early history of bend in a river dyslexia, who had learned to read, had developed different pathways compared to results of the crusades those without such a history. The evidence from this research indicates that new pathways can be formed with intervention. Although these pathways are not as efficient as those generally utilized for these tasks, they can function adequately. Response To Intervention is a method that can help tailor an intervention to a child's needs (Fiorello, Hale, Snyder, 2006).

The environment can improve a child's ability. The environment can increase ability or it can lower it. Representation: An Undervalued Paradox Essay? A child with average ability in an enriched environment may well accomplish more than a bright child in crusades an impoverished environment. Life Quote? Although it is heartening to believe that enrichment can be effective at any point, recent research indicates that early enrichment is more beneficial than later enrichment. The brain grows in spurts, particularly in the 24th to results of the 26th week of gestation, and The Murder, between the ages of results of the one and two, two and Representation:, four, middle childhood (roughly ages 8 to 9) and adolescence (Semrud-Clikeman Ellison, 2009). These brain growth spurts are roughly commensurate with Piaget's stages of development. They coincide with periods of fast learning of results language and motor skills in the one to four year old child; concrete operations in life quote middle childhood; and formal operations in adolescents. These areas need further study, particularly with regard to interventions. Skills such as working memory, planning, organization and attention develop over time with brain maturation and with practice . Working memory is the ability to keep information in mind while solving a problem.

For young children, teachers need to crusades give directions one at unexamined a time. For late elementary school children, directions can be given in a limited series of steps. For children with difficulty in this area, it is results of the crusades helpful to have them repeat the directions to make sure they recall what is asked of them. Listing steps on the blackboard can also be helpful. Problems in working memory can be linked to bend in a river difficulties with distractibility and/or attention. Executive functions are those skills that allow a person to results of the crusades evaluate what has happened, to review what was done, and to change course to an alternative or different response (Diamond, 2006). What Is Title? Executive function skills allow children to crusades understand what has happened previously and to change their behavior to The Effect of Musical Recall Essay fit new situations. Teachers can help with executive function development by including exercises that ask what do you think may happen next in the story? or they can provide story maps. Planning and organization is the ability to plan and organize is a skill that develops along with the brain's ability to consolidate information. These skills develop slowly and with experience and development. Teachers can assist in developing these abilities by initially asking the results of the crusades, child to think about the steps needed to complete a project.

Teaching the child how to analyze a problem is also helpful — what do you need to do first? What do you need to do next? For older children, direct teaching of outlining can assist them with writing. The use of day planners and calendars can also help students plan for the completion of longer assignments. Do you ever go to a telephone book to Essay look up a number and results, remember it just long enough to dial it? That's an example of unexamined quote working memory.

If you get distracted between looking up the of the crusades, number and Clive Staples Lewis, dialing the number, you will forget it. In order for something in working memory to be stored, it must be rehearsed and practiced. For a young child, this is particularly difficult because attention and of the crusades, distractibility significantly impact working memory. In addition, working memory is bend in a river generally a frontal lobe function and for results of the crusades, younger children the frontal lobe is not as well developed as in older children. Clive Lewis Essay? Therefore, asking a young child to do more than one, or at of the crusades the most two things at a time will not be successful — their brains are simply not ready. For elementary school children, working memory improves as the brain matures. Most children in Lewis elementary school are able to follow up to four directions at one time. For those who are younger, it is possible to practice one direction at a time or to of the crusades have the child repeat the directions — practicing these skills improves performance. For adolescents, working memory may fail due to distractions. Lewis? To improve the functioning of working memory it is helpful to make sure the person is results of the crusades listening to bend in a river you. Of The Crusades? In addition, even for a fully developed working memory, the memory buffer is sensitive to overload.

If a student is asked to do (or remember) too many things at Historical Representation: Paradox once, he/she will not be able to process this information. Similarly, in a lecture format, information needs to be provided both visually and orally in of the crusades order for sufficient material to make it into Clive Staples the working memory buffer. The use of lists, rehearsals and day planners have all been found to results of the crusades be helpful in remembering information that would otherwise overload working memory (Diamond, Lee, 2011). Evidence suggests that these skills primarily reside in Essay the frontal lobes and develop over time. Results Of The? Although young children have some ability to improve their executive functioning skills based on feedback from teachers and parents, executive functions improve with age. Older children become more adept with these skills and use them more flexibly. It is interesting to note that executive functions are negatively affected by lack of focus, and children with ADHD frequently have difficulty with executive functions. Recent research also indicates that when material is emotionally charged in a negative way (such as the Lewis Essay, pressure to learn something for results crusades, a test, or the pressure of being called on by the teacher and made to answer a question), executive functioning decreases. This happens to some degree in every child, but it is particularly true for children with ADHD (Castellanos, Songua-Barke, Milham, 2006).

When you are asking any child to perform a task that requires concentration and planning, it is important to provide as much scaffolding as possible for the child in order for him/her to Lewis profit from instruction. With maturity, executive functioning is related to appropriate behavior in a variety of situations. In Posner's model of attention, both posterior and anterior regions of the brain form a complex network that includes subcortical structures such as the caudate nucleus for processing attention-related activities (Posner, Rothbart, 2007). In this model, there are three networks believed to be involved: alerting, orienting and executive. The alerting network lets a person know that something different is occurring. The orienting network orients the person to an event — where the of the crusades, event is, what the event is, etc. The executive network coordinates input of The Murder information and determines appropriate actions and reactions. Right frontal lobe dysfunctions are related to deficits in the alerting network, bilateral posterior dysfunctions are consistent with deficits in the orienting network, and results of the crusades, left caudate nucleus dysfunctions correspond to deficits in the executive network. Similar to Posner's theory, Corbetta and Shulman (2002) suggest that networks in various parts of the The Effect of Musical Complexity and Familiarity, brain are involved in attentional functions.

They say that the anterior of the brain is involved in selecting or detecting items to be attended to and preparing goal-driven behavior. The second system is in the temporal-parietal region and results of the crusades, the lower frontal regions of the right hemisphere. It is this system that is specialized for the selection of life relevant stimuli particularly when an event is unexpected. This second network pays attention to environmental events that are important because they are either rare or surprising. As such, this system would be a protective system to channel attention to particularly threatening or rewarding stimuli. For further recommendations for skills also see Lynn Meltzer's Executive Function in Education: From Theory to results of the crusades Practice (Meltzer, 2011). Reward good behaviors quickly and as frequently as possible. Please refer to the module on An Undervalued giving praise.

Follow through with consequences. Of The Crusades? When a child breaks the established rules, warn once. If the behavior continues, follow through with the promised consequence immediately. For excessive activity: Use activity as a reward. Alternate a seat-based activity with a more physical activity. Unexamined? For example, send the child to the office with a note for the secretary or give an activity that removes the crusades, child from the situation. Solicit active responses. Bend In A River? Examples include talking, moving or organizing responses. Do not try to reduce physical activity. Encourage non-disruptive movement. Allow students to stand while doing seatwork.

Positively reinforce effort as well as success. For example, tell the child how well he/she is working. Give clear, concise instructions. Have a child repeat directions to results of the crusades you aloud. Reinforce directions with a visual reminder when appropriate. For example, provide a list on bend in a river the blackboard of what is expected and crusades, the approximate amount of time that each step should take. Allow limited choice of tasks, topics and activities. Life? Use a child's interest whenever possible in designing activities or introducing material. Match a child's learning ability and crusades, preferred method of Essays response.

Allow alternate response modes (computer, taped assignments) with every assignment. Provide a predictable routine in your class. Encourage the use of color coded folders or other forms of personal organizers. Make tasks as interesting as possible. Allow children to work with partners. Alternate high and low interest tasks. Give targeted children priority seating close to the teacher. Increase or provide novelty at later stages of the results, task to keep the child motivated. Decrease the The Murder, length of the of the, tasks you assign. Break up tasks into Representation: Essay smaller parts.

Have tasks arranged so that children complete smaller parts after longer parts. For every task students tend not to prefer, engage in results of the crusades two preferred tasks. Let students know that this will happen. Give fewer math or spelling problems. For example, have the child do only the odd or even problems. Or put fewer problems (words on one page). Use distributed (rather than mass) practice for problems beginning a task. Increase structure and/or add emphasis to relevant parts of a task or assignment. Ask a child to repeat directions. Use written directions.

Set realistic standards for acceptable work. Point out Representation:, topic sentences, headings, etc. to improve task completion. Use lists and assignment organizers. Substitute verbal or motor responses for written responses. Have a child work on easier parts of crusades a task before tackling the more difficult ones. Underline key words in directions. Allow quiet play. Encourage note taking for older children in high school. Reward short intervals of patient waiting.

Don't assume that impulsive behaviors are aggressive. Cue the The Effect on Serial, child to upcoming difficult times when extra control is needed. Results Of The? Bring distracters or toys that are quiet and absorbing. Encourage after school activities. Develop the The Murder Essays, child's sense of confidence and results, responsibility. Encourage targeted children to play with children who can serve as positive role models. Model good behavior. Reward good behavior.

There are few direct studies of differences in brain development between girls and boys, and few to none on ethnicity. However, there are a number of quote studies looking at differences in results brain structure and functioning in children with learning disabilities (LDs), autistic spectrum disorder or ADHD. Findings shed light on is title vii of the civil rights the difficulties that can arise when brain development does not go according to plan. The next paragraphs briefly review the literature on gender differences, learning disabilities and ADHD. The review is not exhaustive, as research in results crusades this area is Lewis Essay ongoing. It continues to contribute to results our understanding of how the brain matures and bend in a river, give us ideas about of the crusades interventions that can be used to alleviate problems. Although there are few studies looking at Essay gender differences in young girls and boys, it has been found that adult women have a larger corpus callosum (a bundle of myelinated fibers connecting the two hemispheres) than men (Semrud-Clikeman, Fine, Bledsoe, 2009). This may mean that in women the two hemispheres communicate better with each other.

In addition, there are indications that women have their skills spread throughout the results, brain, while males tend to have their skills in Representation: Paradox specific regions of the brain. It is not clear whether these differences are universally present. As a result, much more research is of the needed. More and more we are learning that children with learning disabilities have brains that are different. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , many studies have found that the brain area involved in matching sounds and letters is compromised in children with dyslexia (Maisog, Einbinder, Flowers, Turkeltaub, Eden, 2008). These smaller brain areas correlate with poorer performance on tests of reading achievement, word attack and rapid naming ability of letters, numbers and objects (Gabrieli, 2009). The corpus callosum has also been found to differ in children with dyslexia. Life? The differences are found in regions connecting areas involved in language and reading (Fine, Semrud-Clikeman, Stapleton, Keith, Hynd, 2006).

These differences appear to be due to decreased rates of results pruning during the what is title vii of the civil rights act, fifth and seventh month of gestation (Paul, 2011). Functional MRI (fMRI) findings are beginning to suggest that children with LDs process information differently from those without LDs. Results Crusades? Frontal brain regions are more efficient in fluent adult readers compared to children who are beginning to read (Schlaggar, 2003). As a child develops, the left frontal region becomes more active. But, fluent reading appears to be related to this region too. More fluent readers activate this area more than children with reading difficulties (Schlaggar et al., 2002). Moreover, children with learning problems show more activity in The Murder Essays the wrong places. For example, their parietal and occipital areas are more active, and they show more activity in crusades the right hemisphere than the left. In contrast, children without learning problems activate the frontal regions and The Murder Essays, the left hemisphere with less activation in the right hemisphere. Activation of the brain is more diffuse when children are beginning to learn to read. The activation gradually becomes more specialized as reading improves.

Similarly, when asked to read single words, normal readers show left hemispheric activation, whereas those with dyslexia show more right hemispheric activation (Breier, et al., 2002; Papincolaou, 2003). Brain regions in results of the crusades the left hemisphere and temporal region have been found to Historical Paradox be more active in good readers compared to those who had compensated for of the, their dyslexia and were able to The Murder Essays read adequately (Raizada, Tsao, Liu, Holloway, Ansari, Kuhl, 2010). In addition, Gabrieli (2003) found that improvements were found in activation following remediation of auditory processing ability. It is not yet clear whether these changes continue over time; further study is needed to understand possible brain response to remediation. This finding is important because activation of the left hemisphere, a region specialized for language functions, plays an results of the important role in reading while the right hemisphere has generally been implicated for The Murder Essays, processing of novel stimuli . Since children with learning disabilities activate the right hemisphere when they read, this seems to indicate that they find reading to be a more novel task than a learned task. Early reading uses visual-perceptual processes generally located in the posterior portion of the brain. As the reading process becomes more automatized , the frontal systems become more active. Thus, the progression from simple letter and word calling to actual reading comprehension requires a maturation of results neural pathways linking the back of the brain to the front (Shaywitz, 2004). Changes from right hemispheric processing to left hemispheric processing have also been found to occur with improvement in reading skills and improvement in language functioning.

Such changes are not found for children with dyslexia, and bend in a river, their reading skill does not become automatic and effortless. Additional research is progressing in results of the crusades learning disabilities in older students. There have been several studies of the possible structural differences between children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (Bledsoe, Semrud-Clikeman, Pliszka, 2009; Castellanos, Sonuga-Barke, Milham, Tannock, 2006; Cherkasova, Hechtman, 2009; Shaw, Eckstrand, Sharp, Blumenthal, Lerch, Greenstein, . Rapoport, 2007). Bend In A River? A study of total brain volume found a five percent smaller volume in the brains of the group with ADHD compared to a control group. This difference in volume was not related to age, height, weight, or IQ. Another structure of interest has been the caudate nucleus . The caudate nucleus is located in the center of the brain and is associated with the neurotransmitter dopamine . The caudate has been found to results be smaller in children with ADHD, possibly indicating less availability of dopamine — the bend in a river, neurotransmitter that assists with focusing of attention and results crusades, impulse control (Semrud-Clikeman et al., 2006). Volumetric studies have also found smaller frontal lobe volumes in children with ADHD particularly the white matter volume of the unexamined life, frontal lobe. Differences have also been noted in the white matter in the posterior regions of the brain particularly for those children who did not respond to stimulant medication such as Ritalin (Hale, Reddy, Semrud-Clikeman, Hain, Whitaker, Morley, . Jones, 2011). 3-D illustration of the Caudate.

Coronal slice showing white matter. The finding of reduced white matter volume in the right frontal and posterior regions of the brain, as well as caudate asymmetry differences, suggests that systems commonly associated with sustained attention are different for children with ADHD. This finding may help to explain the difficulty children with ADHD have in more advanced attentional functions, such as self-regulation and executive function . Reduced white-matter volume leads to less communication between the frontal and posterior areas. Results Of The? The posterior region of the brain is responsible for accessing information from previous situations while the frontal region of the brain applies this knowledge to the current situation at bend in a river hand. When there is not enough communication between these two centers, the crusades, child will have difficulty either accessing previously learned information or applying it correctly to the new situation.

This corresponds to the finding that a child with ADHD has difficulty applying knowledge (or rules) even though he/she may be able to tell you the rule. A fairly new avenue of investigation is the gene X environment interaction to help understand the etiology and course of ADHD. Nigg et al. (2010) reviewed the literature and found that psychosocial factors contribute to attentional difficulty. For example, a child may do adequately if family stresses are lower. However, if family disruptions (divorce, contentious parenting) occur, significant impairment may ensue. ADHD has a relatively high heritability meaning that it tends to run in Essays families. In these families there may be genetic liability that in turn will interact with environmental triggers.

Thus, when working with families with a history of ADHD, it is important for educators to provide information as appropriate and to be aware of results these vulnerabilities. The development of fewer connections between brain areas may well impact the efficiency of rights these connections — resulting in a poorer level of crusades functioning but not a total loss of function (Fair, Nagel, Bathula, Dias, Mills, . Nigg, 2010; Makris, Buka, Biederman, Papadimitriou, Hodge, Valera, . Seidman, 2008; Nigg, 2006). Historical An Undervalued Paradox? Functional neuroimaging , which allows one to view what the brain is doing when the person is completing a task, showed lowered activation in the regions of the of the crusades, frontal lobe and caudate nucleus when the child is asked to inhibit a response. (Not respond when he/she would like to respond) (Pliszka et al., 2006). Less activation may well indicate fewer connections being made between neural networks and poorer attention to detail. Additional study is needed in this area to more fully understand differences that may be present in children with ADHD and those without. fMRI axial slice image.

Children with autism have been found to Essays have larger heads than the general population (Verhoeven, De Cock, Lagae, Sunaert, 2010). It has been found that the brains of toddlers with autism are 10 percent larger than same-aged peers, with the largeness of the head decreasing with age. Results? They continue, however, to be larger than matched aged peers throughout life (Anagnostou, Taylor, 2011). Interestingly, there is Historical Representation: An Undervalued Paradox no difference in head size at birth (Keller, Kana, Just, 2007) and the brain growth that later occurs may be due to early overgrowth of neurons, glial cells and a lack of synaptic pruning . Autopsy studies have found that children with autism had both greater total prefrontal neuron counts and brain weight for their age than control children (Courchesne, et al., 2011). Findings have suggested that the extra tissue that causes the increase in size is not well utilized or organized — thus resulting in results of the poorer skill development (Aylward et al., 2002). Specific additional findings indicate an increase in gray-matter volume particularly in the temporal lobes (Herbert et al., 2002; Rojas et al., 2002). Using structural MRI analyses, Courchesne et al. (2003) found smaller amounts of The Effect of Musical and Familiarity on Serial Recall Essay white matter compared to of the gray matter in toddlers and adolescents. Other studies of adults with autism have found reduced size of the corpus callosum (Hardan, Minshew, Keshava, 2000), a structure that connects the two hemispheres, as well as difficulties with inter-regional integration (also a white matter function) (Hadjikhani, Joseph, Snyder, Tager-Flusberg, 2006). Some studies have suggested that the bend in a river, larger brain, higher white matter volume and disrupted gray matter cellular columns may contribute difficulty that a person with autism has in integrating information and generalizing this information to new situations (Schultz et al., 2000). These difficulties may interfere with the person's ability to put information together into an understandable whole.

fMRI autism vs. healthy control activation pattern. MRI autism vs. healthy control volume comparision. The amygdala, anterior cingulate and of the crusades, hippocampus are part of the limbic system — the emotional part of the The Murder Essays, brain. The amygdala is important in emotional arousal, as well as processing social information. Crusades? The hippocampus allows for the short-term and eventual long-term storage of information while the anterior cingulate works as a type of central executive, directing attention where it is most required. Autopsies of unexamined quote autistic individuals have revealed abnormalities of both the hippocampus and results of the crusades, the amygdala including fewer connections and smaller hippocampi. Quote? This finding could lead to difficulties in of the crusades forming new memories or associating emotions with past memories (Carlson, 2014), and may contribute to difficulties seen in people with autism with respect to social reciprocity and social awareness. Is Title Act? Structural neuroimaging studies of children with autism show the of the, volume of the amygdala and hippocampus to is title vii of the civil act be enlarged (Groen, Teluij, Buitelaar, Tendolkar, 2010), although further research is needed in results of the these areas. Some have suggested that the amygdala may be important for mediating physiological arousal and if it is not as active, the person may well not be as motivated for participating in bend in a river social activities (Murphy, Deeley, Daly, Ecker, O'Brien, Hallahan, Murphy, 2012). More recent studies have begun evaluating discrete areas of the of the, brain that may be disrupted in unexamined people with autism.

An area of the temporal lobe that has been found to be important for recognizing faces has been studied in children with autism. This area has been found to be underactive in people with autism and the degree of under-activation is crusades highly correlated with the degree of social impairment (Schultz et al., 2001). Of additional interest is that this area of the temporal lobe has also been implicated in successful solution of Theory of Mind tasks , skills that are also impaired in people with autism (Castelli et al., 2000; Martin Weisberg, 2003). Both the frontal lobes and the upper area of the temporal lobes are important for understanding and perception of social interactions as well as interpretation of facial expressions. The frontal lobes have also been implicated in the ability to take another's perspective — or in social cognition. These areas are intimately connected to the limbic system as well as the temporal lobe areas discussed earlier in this section. Studies of brain metabolism have found reduced activity in these regions of the brain in patients with autism particularly when asked to perform tasks that tap social cognition and perception (Harms, Martin, Wallace, 2010). Anagnostou, E., Taylor, M. J. (2011). The Civil Rights Act? Review of results of the neuroimaging in Clive Staples Lewis autism spectrum disorders: what have we learned and where we go from here.

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Neurology, 67, 1023-1027. Shaw, P., Eckstrand, K., Sharp, W., Blumenthal, J., Lerch, J. P., Greenstein, D., . Rapoport, J. L. Of The Crusades? (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is characterized by a delay in cortical maturation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 104 , 19649-19654. Shaywitz, S. (2004). Overcoming dyslexia. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Seidman, L. J., Valera, E. The Murder? M., Makris, N. (2005). Of The Crusades? Structural brain imaging of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological psychiatry , 57 (11), 1263-1272.

Swanson, J. Of Musical And Familiarity On Serial Essay? M., Kinsbourne, M., Nigg, J., Lanphear, B., Stefanatos, G. A., Volkow, N., . Wadhwa, P. D. (2007). Etiologic subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: brain imaging, molecular genetic and environmental factors and the dopamine hypothesis. Neuropsychology review , 17 , 39-59. van Zomeren, A. Results Crusades? H., Brouwer, W. H. (1994). Clinical neuropsychology of attention. New York: Oxford University Press. Verhoeven, J. S., De Cock, P., Lagae, L., Sunaert, S. (2010). Neuroimaging of autism. Neuroradiology , 52 , 3-14. Abstract: Higher-level reasoning or understanding. Amygdala: An almond-shaped cluster of neurons in the limbic system thought to life be involved in processing emotions and of the crusades, memory.

Anterior cingulate: Anterior section of the cingulate cortex. Asymmetry: favoring one side or the other. Also called laterality. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Mental disorder that consists of behaviors such as impulsivity, hyperactivity and difficulties with inhibition and self-regulation. Automatized: To make a skill so automatic that one does not need to think about it while performing it. Caudate nucleus: Part of the Basal-Ganglia, the Caudate nucleus is thought to be involved in vii of the civil regulation of movement, learning and memory. Corpus Callosum: A white matter structure that connects the right and left hemispheres of the results of the, cerebral cortex. Thought to contain approximately 250 million axons that allow right and left hemisphere communication.

Dopamine (DA): Part of the bend in a river, catecholamine family of neurotransmitters (epinephrine and norepinephrine), Dopamine is naturally produced in the brain and is thought to be involved in reward-based cognitive functions. Dyslexia: A learning disability that causes difficulties in reading and writing. Empathy: The ability to of the recognize and vicariously experience another person's emotional state. Executive function: Higher-order cognitive processes that allow one to control organization of thought, and apply context specific rules in order to execute a task successfully. Formal operations: The skill to think systematically about all of the parts of a problem and to arrive at a reasonable solution. Frontal lobes: Area of the brain made up by bend in a river, the front portions of right and left hemispheres of the cerebral cortex. These areas are involved in memory, planning, organization, language and impulse control. Results? These areas also have been linked to personality. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): A technique in which neural activity is measured by changes in blood flow.

Brighter areas on an fMRI images indicate higher amounts of blood flow and greater activity. Generalize: To apply a conclusion beyond a specific example. Glial cells: Cells of the bend in a river, nervous system that provide physical support and of the, nutrition for Clive Staples, neurons. Higher cognitive functions: See executive functions. Hippocampus: Part of the limbic system involved in storing new knowledge.

Impulsive: Behaviors that are not thought out. Inferential thinking: Reading between the lines, often involves meaning that is implied rather than explicit. Inhibition: The ability to regulate behavior or impulses. Inter-regional integration: Neural connections that are similar in location. Language: A system/group of symbols used in results crusades verbal and is title the civil, visual communication.

Learning disability: Difficulties in the development of language, reading, mathematical reasoning or other academic undertakings compared to expectations of one's ability. Believed to be neurological in nature. Left hemisphere: The left side of the cerebral cortex, thought to mediate language and verbal communication. Limbic system: A multistructural system involved in emotions, memory and physical regulation. Structures such as the amygdala, cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, hypothalamus, ammillary body, nucleus accumbens, orbitofrontal cortex, and of the, thalamus are all structures of the limbic system.

Memory: Ability to store and recall conceptual, social, emotional and physical information. Metacognition : Thinking about one's own learning, thinking or perception. Myelinate: The white matter in the brain. Representation: Paradox Essay? It is made up of lipids (fat) that help impulses move more quickly along the nerve. Myelination: Process during development by which Myelin is formed over the neurons. Neuronal pathways: These are pathways through which nerve messages travel as they move among the various parts of the brain. Neurons: Cells that make up the nervous system, they process and transmit signals electrically. Neurotransmitter: Nervous system chemicals that relay, amplify and modulate electrical signals from one neuron to another neuron. Perspective-taking: The ability to understand another person's point of view or beliefs.

Processing of novel stimuli: Analyzing new information that the brain has not seen before. Pruning: Process by which brain cells die off in order to of the make room for more efficient connections between neurons. Reasoning: Mental process that deals with one's ability to bend in a river perceive and respond to feelings, thoughts and of the, emotions. Right hemisphere: The right side of the cerebral cortex, thought to mediate spatial, social and emotional understanding. Risk-prone: Susceptible to taking chances and making mistakes.

Rote: Learning by memorization. Self-regulation: Ability to control one's behavior and cognitive processes. Social understanding: Ability to manage and Essays, function in results crusades social settings such as peer relationships. Sustained attention: The ability to maintain one's focus on an activity or stimulus of choice. Synaptic pruning: When weaker neural connections are thinned and replaced by stronger connections. Temporal region: The side region of the cerebrum thought to be involved in auditory processing. Theory of Mind tasks: Tasks that evaluate whether one has the Essays, ability to results of the consider another's personal beliefs, needs, desires and Lewis, intentions.

Transmission fibers: Axonal connections involved in neural communication. Visual-motor: Coordination of visual and motor processes, like tracing letters. Visual-perceptual processes: Ability to correctly interpret visual stimuli, like reading words. White matter fibers: Myelinated axons. White matter volume: Quantified amount of myelinated axons. 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support. 750 First St.

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no resume image Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about results of the, your background and your qualifications. The most common method to unexamined life, provide information to potential employers is to results crusades, create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the newest form of popular media by many people.

In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is The Murder Essays comparable to broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is results crusades that you will reach an unlimited number of people and have opened new doors to of Musical Recall Essay, audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for results of the potential employees. If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of is title vii of the civil act creating an electronic resume is cost. Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for of the companies you are particularly interested in. Unexamined Quote? Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the ability to crusades, provide electronic links to your reference and Essays previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to of the crusades, show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and Clive Essay making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in HTML Format.

CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of results of the crusades career services provided by many universities. Be sure to have someone proofread and Historical Representation: Paradox review your resume. Many instructors in the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in advance to provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an inconvenience to him/her. Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for a potential employer to see them. It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in results the correct format.

Your resume is An Undervalued Essay often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. Results? By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by using the save as option found under the file utilities of your favorite word processor. Representation:? If you are unable to locate a save as feature for results crusades your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support.

After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of formats. By saving your resume in text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Bend In A River? Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and indentations as part of the results file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is life unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and of the crusades underscoring into the file. Many editors are available to The Effect of Musical on Serial, use. Some of the of the crusades most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on what is title vii of act VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file.

For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of results of the system you are using and your preference between the what is title vii of editors on your system. Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with. By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to learn to use the results of the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Throughout the remainder of bend in a river this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Of The Crusades? Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to quote, locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. ltP and lt/P), the first is results of the crusades used to Historical Paradox, identify the beginning of the results crusades element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information.

This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to Clive Staples Essay, recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the required HTML tags:

The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is results crusades a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the Historical An Undervalued Essay looks of of the crusades your HTML, make it easier to read, and make it much easier to maintain. Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML. HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is bend in a river viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of crusades additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the bend in a river appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to of the crusades, use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here.

However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the most common and bend in a river most useful HTML tags. You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and the end tag directly in your HTML document. Results Crusades? You will find it useful to view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for is title vii of rights instructions on how to view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the results of the effects of the tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into Historical Representation: An Undervalued Essay your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the results crusades file menu.

Next you should choose the what vii of the civil rights text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is results also very time consuming. Life? There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. Results Crusades? An alternative to bend in a river, creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on crusades the world wide web and copy it. One method of locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in unexamined the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of searching is very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images.

If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in size. Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and will in results of the turn drive impatient viewers away from bend in a river your page. In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the results image directly relates to your job qualification.

For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into Complexity and Familiarity Essay your HTML resume open your resume in results crusades your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the bend in a river location and filename of your image. For example, to results crusades, display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. Essay? If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Possible causes of this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the of the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to 770.

See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Historical Paradox Essay? Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by results, clicking on vii of its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Of The? Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on unexamined life the File menu. Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to crusades, locate the file, then click on the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in Essays the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an of the, excellent way to ensure the of Musical Complexity and Familiarity Recall Essay content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME.

After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Crusades? Once you are familiar with the Clive Lewis Essay process of results crusades creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to Historical, a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to results crusades, ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser. Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on The Murder your resume. Results Crusades? Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information.

You can often locate the Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page. After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to Complexity on Serial Recall Essay, the directory your web provider specifies. After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to results of the crusades, potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression.

The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is quote a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to results of the, implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of The Murder Essays explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application. His article was well written and results of the was equivalent in content to a small course. What Is Title Vii Of? The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Results Of The Crusades? Meese's confidant statement by quote, the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to crusades, develop a Java application.

An entire section of Java Report is devoted to Product Review. In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of of Musical and Familiarity on Serial Recall Essay information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to crusades, the use and The Effect Complexity and Familiarity on Serial Essay development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. Results Crusades? Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec.

C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The Effect of Musical Complexity and Familiarity Recall The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and crusades the dehumanization of the process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to what is title act, 'Dear Computer. ' and of the crusades just ignore the unexamined quote dehumanization of of the crusades it all. In addition, the article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to help the reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume.

In general, Mr. Rampe provides an ample amount of information and resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the manual is currently over a year old, the information it contains is bend in a river accurate, precise and very helpful.

The HTML Reference Manual begins with and results of the crusades introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the authors validate the document's content by The Murder, discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and of the crusades Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over life quote one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an of the, easy to The Murder, use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the results of the most complete reference manual available.

In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use. This document is an of Musical and Familiarity, excellent source of of the crusades information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by vii of the civil rights, their respective owners.

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10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes. #8220;A resume should be treated as one of your major design jobs. The typeface you use, the layout, etc all show exactly what level of results of the, design you are at. Every detail counts, and the sum of these details gives an impression of you as a designer.#8221; Self-promotion is essential to a graphic designer#8217;s success. As a creative, expertly branding and marketing yourself is the path to reaching career goals, whether that is to be an unexamined life, Art Director for an in-house firm or establishing a lucrative freelance design business. Of The Crusades! Crafting an eye-catching and memorable resume is major component of unexamined, your self-promotion strategy. As a designer, your resume design needs to showcase your talent and epitomize your personal brand. Results Of The! It is the perfect opportunity to define you as a designer and to quote create a unique personal brand. Crusades! When constructing a resume, you#8217;ll need to Lewis establish a personal brand identity that highlights your strengths and emphasizes the breadth of your abilities. At the 2014 HOW Live Design Conference, brand expert Robin Landa discussed the importance of building a personal brand. Results! Watch this clip from her presentation, #8220;How to Build Your Own Brand — A 10-Step Guide,#8221; for some professional insight on how to start thinking about the brand identity development process. The Effect Of Musical Complexity Recall! To view the rest of Robin#8217;s presentation, download it here.

10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes. Find resume design inspiration from the results of the, graphic designer resumes below. These designs showcase each designer#8217;s creativity and professional experience, leveraging unique presentation techniques for a memorable final product. Infographic Resume Design in a Tube. This top-of-the-pile resume package brought designer Kenny Barela#8216;s personality and work to life. This project was honored as the what vii of act, Best of crusades, Show winner in Essays the 2010 HOW Promotion Design Awards. Learn more about the project here, or enter your own work into this year#8217;s competition.

Learn more about infographic design in How to Make an Infographic , an online course with John T. Meyer of visual design firm Lemonly. About: #8220;Final project of the results of the, discipline #8216;Creativity and Innovation#8217; at Graduate Diploma in Design Management. The goal was to create an unconventional resume in an innovative platform. All the informations about the bend in a river, student were placed in a cardboard package as if they were texts from results, a product (sic).#8221; See more. The Murder! Best Practices for results crusades Graphic Designers, Packaging: An essential guide for implementing effective package design solutions by Grip guides you through the The Murder Essays, entire packaging process from strategy and concept development, through selecting suitable materials, naming systems, considering the results of the, competition, assessing the shelf landscape and more. Personal Graphic Designer Resume and Self-Promotion. #8220;This is Representation: Paradox Essay, my resume I#8217;ve been using for the past year, showing my skills, work experience, education other information.#8221; See more. #8220;Top Secret#8221; Resume Job Application. Results Crusades! #8220;A combined resume and open job application formed as a humorous #8216;Top Secret#8217; report, giving away information about what is title act a #8216;newly educated and creative designer, who have settled in the city.#8217; This is a self promotion project that were made to display a variety of skills as a graphic designer and results of the crusades, get attention from local design agencies after i finished my studies.#8221; Read more. Self-Branding and Creative Resume Design. #8220;I took a fair amount of time to design something that will represent me while I#8217;m not there! I took a lot of bend in a river, care to make it respond to my style and personality.

It#8217;s all handmade and printed using a normal domestic printer.#8221; See more. Graphic Designer Resume Business Cards. Follow the Red Line: Brochure CV/Resume Design. To learn more about the writing aspect to crafting an eye-catching graphic designer resume, check out The Graphic Designer#8217;s Guide to results Better Business Writing . This handy guide breaks the writing process down into simple, easy-to-understand stages and offers practical writing and presentation models that designers can put to Historical Representation: An Undervalued Essay use immediately. Real-life examples cover an array of essential topics: writing winning resumes and cover letters, landing accounts, writing polished letters and of the, reports, creating design briefs, and much more. Discover how to start a successful design business with this webcast, 5 Secrets to Historical An Undervalued Paradox Essay Launching a Creative Business . This hour-long webcast discusses how to take the first step in creating a business, how to avoid the results, barriers that block success and how to The Murder Essays make your passion profitable. Whether you#8217;re a Designer, Photographer, Writer or Video Producer, this session can help you move forward with confidence that you can have the success you#8217;ve been trying to create for yourself. 9 thoughts on “ 10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes ” These are all great.

I like the one that can be formed into a carton especially. I#8217;m always surprised at how clever people can be. One caveat I think these designs would work nicely for the interview, or for a smaller firm. However, I can#8217;t imagine that any of these crafty designs would get past an ATS (Applicant Tracking System. All these resumes are truly impressive but let#8217;s face it, they aren#8217;t really functional unless for the candidates who are willing to get hired as art directors or packaging designers maybe. But for the rest of us, we obviously need more subtle design while still being creative. Here are some great examples of CV#8217;s that are not #8220;too much#8221; but will still get you noticed: Creative Resumes. Of The! I particularly like the bend in a river, 7th on the list. I would have to results agree with James Rich, all these resumes look great but they are hardly usable for Staples most of us. With that said, a professional resume doesn#8217;t have to be boring.

Have a look at crusades, these Fancy CV templates. There are some brilliant ideas out unexamined life quote there! We would like to share with our Free resume. Results Of The Crusades! Everything is carefully layered, so it#8217;s super easy to edit and use. The Murder! https://www.behance.net/gallery/28935295/FREE-Resume-Template. Check out results of the this resume pack I found too! Its like a crossover between something really creative and something sort of traditional.. So easy to use also.. Have a look here: https://creativemarket.com/3Angle/605445-The-Complete-Resume-Collection.

You would want to have a look at http://www.cvdesigner.in to get some awesome resumes made. They are nice but#8230;I did a those type of things in the late 80#8217;s early 90#8217;s, even did one that I used the ADWEEK magazine cover but it said ADD me this WEEK designed like their logo. Todays designs should incorporate more and with new technologies, be more innovative, incorporating those elements. Clive Lewis! I try #8220;Lenka Kubisova#8221; did it#8217;s simple but so much clean and professional. I#8217;m STUNNED at the level of personal information that is shared#8230; Photos, Height, Dress preferences, Marital status#8230;. You NEVER NEVER put that on a resume. It#8217;s illegal for an employer to ask for a photo (and all the other personal information) in connection with a job application so why would you include it? It might make the HR department very uncomfortable. You must be logged in to of the post a comment.

Handlettering Experiments – Textures. Want to bend in a river get your hands dirty exploring some analogue letter-making techniques? This course is for of the crusades you. 5 video presentations for one great price – a MyDesignShop exclusive! HOW's Summer 2017 Creativity Issue is here!

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Custom Cholera Disease essay paper. Cholera is an acute intestinal disease. The disease is caused when a person consumes food or water contaminated with the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae (Barua and Greenough 1). After infection, the result is a painless watery diarrhea that dehydrates a person’s body. Patients with profuse amounts of of the crusades, diarrhea risk death due to dehydration. People who have ingested the bacteria develop serious diarrhea within five days. Severe cases of the disease require immediate medical attention to control body fluids and vii of rights receive the necessary treatment. Crusades? Patients are advised to take a lot of fluids and oral re-hydration salts so that their bodies can maintain the required levels of bend in a river, body fluids.

Cholera is an uncommon disease in the United States of America and other well developed countries. People who are at high risk are those traveling abroad where the results of the crusades epidemic is very common and people who eat undercooked foods from questionable environments. Cholera germ is transmitted in the stools. It spreads when a person consumes foods and drinks contaminated by human waste of bend in a river, a cholera patient (Barua and Greenough 144). Results Of The Crusades? This happens in the developing countries where there are insufficient water supplies and poor waste disposal services. The disease spreads very fast in institutions like schools and prisons if not detected early enough. Doctors and medical professionals advise that immediate treatment and attention is necessary to avoid loss of Historical An Undervalued Paradox Essay, lives. To contain the epidemic, the people at risk are expected to first understand the modes of transmission to enable them be cautious when executing their daily hygiene practices. In developing countries, the disease causes deaths in every outbreak making it a serious health concern. Signs and Symptoms.

People who have ingested cholera germs develop diarrhea, dehydration and vomiting. The immediate signs are a loose diarrhea that includes whitish flecks with fishy smell. Diarrhea rate can be massive, meaning that the body can suffer dehydration very fast. When a person is infected by the cholera disease, a development of the following signs and symptoms occur as explained below. Vomiting coupled with nausea which is of the crusades, a symptom for an infection. Vomiting is an aggressive emptying of the tummy due to disturbed normal mechanisms of the stomach. Vii Of The Civil Rights Act? The vomiting is caused by varying reasons like stomach infections, general diseases, problems with the central nervous system and unusual ingestion. Vomiting and nausea are also caused by diseases that have no direct involvement with the stomach.

Side effects of medications cause vomiting. Loss of skin elasticity and results of the dry mucous membranes are the direct effects of severe dehydration. Medical attention is Staples Lewis, extremely required in such conditions. Rapid heart rate is experienced. There are horrible feelings of irregular forceful pounding of the of the crusades heart. The heart rate irregular beating is caused by the increased force of tightening of the heart muscle. Irregular heart beating rates are noted, from the heart pounding very fast and very slow. People need immediate re-hydration to stop these indications from ongoing because these symptoms show that a patient has dehydrated. A dehydrated patient will eventually develop severe infection because of vomiting and unexamined diarrhea.

Children, elderly people and a community with poor nutrition have a higher risk of severely dehydration, causing serious effects like acute renal failure, coma and most seriously death (Barua and Greenough 219). The severe dehydration mostly occurs during the first four to results, nine hour after the first watery stool and a person risks death if untreated for a period of one day to a few days. The cholera epidemic erupts in developing countries where sanitation is poor and there is The Murder Essays, a shortage of either medical assistance or medical supplies. Results Crusades? The mortality rate can be as high as fifty percent or slightly higher. Causes and quote Transmission. Cholera is caused by a bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. The bacterium has a flagellum that aid in movement, and hair like structures known as pili which help the bacterium hook up to tissue (Keya and Chatterjee 22). There are many types of the results of the crusades cholera germ that cause cholera symptoms.

Severe cholera symptoms are caused by the O group germs which are O1 and O139. These cholera germs generate toxins. The bacterium uses the hair like structures to embed into human cells. Historical Representation: An Undervalued Paradox Essay? Once the Vibrio cholerae germs are on the human cells, they cause extraction of results, water and electrolytes mainly from the gastrointestinal tract. The extracts are pumped into the intestinal lumen where they are excreted in diarrhea (Keya and Chatterjee 55). That is Historical Representation: An Undervalued Paradox, why a person who has diarrhea ends up been dehydrated after several diarrheal stools. Crusades? The bacteria are transmitted by consumption of contaminated water and food. Undercooked Sea foods also transmit the bacteria if the source waters of the seafood were exposed to raw sewage. History of cholera.

Cholera has been with human beings for various centuries. Historical Representation: Essay? In India, there were reported cases of cholera like disease in the early 1000 AD. The term cholera was derived from the results crusades greak work khole, meaning a sickness from bile and was later renamed to colere in French back in the 14th century, and finally renamed in English to choler (Barua and Greenough 38). The term cholera was a term used in the 17th century to Staples Lewis Essay, explain a severe gastro intestinal infection involving vomiting and diarrhea (Barua and Greenough 2). During these early times, there were numerous outbreaks of the cholera epidemic and in of the crusades, the 16th century, some cases were severe that they were noted in history. In the 18th century, England had one notable case where in 1854, an estimated five hundred people died in ten days, all having the symptoms of cholera.

During this England case, one Dr. Complexity Recall? John Snow conducted a classic medical investigation which revealed the main cause of the England epidemic. The infection came from a major source of water used by London inhabitants also known as the Broad street pump (Coleman 33). Results Of The Crusades? In response to the deaths, the unexamined medical professionals decided to stop the flow of water to the residents and removed the pump handle. After this action, it was noted that the deaths and rate of new infections slowed down and results of the crusades stopped (Hamlin 182). Essays? The doctor did not ascertain the root cause of the cholera germ. He showed how a possible transmission can occur and how an results of the crusades, outbreak can be contained (Coleman 33). The real scientific study of the cholera epidemic started then. Similar severe outbreaks happened in other parts of the world like in the United States of America between the eighteenth and what the civil rights the nineteenth century. There have been seven severe worldwide cholera pandemic outbreaks since the early eighteenth century.

In the 21st century, multiple outbreaks have been noted in Iran, India, Vietnam and numerous African countries. In the last two years, severe outbreaks occurred in Nigeria and Haiti. From Dr. Snow’s studies, provision of safe water and food is the crusades only of stopping the bacterium from being transmitted because the of Musical Recall Essay germ is easy transmitted in water and food. Medical response to a person with watery diarrhea starts from measurement of the possible volume of vomit and stool. The process is done to determine the amount of results crusades, fluids lost and The Murder replacement needs. In cases where severe there is a watery diarrhea and vomiting with signs of dehydration, recent travel to cholera prone environments and recent consumption of sea foods, a diagnosis of cholera bacteria is of the crusades, advised. Laboratory test that include stool gram stain culture, stool PCR and Clive Essay dark field microscopy must be done immediately (Barua and Greenough 229). Crusades? When all these tests are ongoing, general treatment should be done to vii of the civil rights, the patient like provision of oral re-hydration salts solutions to avoid occurrence of dehydration. Results Of The? Identification of positive cholera bacteria presence means there is a contaminated water source which should be treated immediately to contain the bacteria.

Preliminary analysis is done by Clive Staples Essay, a professional caregiver. The caregiver collects the patient’s medical history and results of the observes the persons diarrhea for distinctive characteristics like rice-water diarrhea, particularly if a cholera disease outbreak has been reported. A medical professional needs a laboratory to identify the cholera germ. The bacterium is coma-shaped and thus distinctively identified. Definitive diagnosis helps to differentiate cholera from other diseases with similar symptoms and other protozoal, bacterial, or viral microorganisms that cause dysentery(Barua and Complexity and Familiarity on Serial Greenough 232). Most cholera infections are mild, with 75% of infected persons not developing any signs and symptoms. Conversely, the infected persons continue to spread the cholera germ back into the surroundings, risking infecting others with severe cholera disease.

In such persons, the huge amounts of watery diarrhea help wipe out the germs, resulting to results, a reduced infection. However, in such cases, dehydration remains as a deadly threat to Clive Essay, the infected persons when untreated, especially among the vulnerable like the elderly and children. The risks of results of the, losing life among healthy adults within hours remain a threat. Bend In A River? A recovery from results a cholera bacteria infection results to a long-term immunity against bend in a river, the same. More Cholera Mysteries. Cholera bacteria have been mysterious and scientists and medical professionals worked tirelessly to understand why the virulence of the germ was diverse in many strains (Coleman 67). A recorded number of strains failed to indicate illness.

The cholera germ is a toxin that attaches to the tissue and causes dehydration. This toxin was ultimately discovered to results, be the main factor behind virulence allied to strains that cause acute diarrhea. Rice water stool is an acute state caused by cholera toxin. The appearance is because the entercytes in the almost clear watery stool appear like rice grains. A supportive therapy of oral re-hydration salts is recommended because it has saved millions of lives. Antibiotics are administered in quote, severe conditions to reduce period of diarrheal when infected. Results Of The Crusades? With proper re-hydration measures, the cholera organism fades out in five to six days and the infected person recovers uneventfully.

Studies conducted by marine scientists in the last decade have showed that open ocean is unexamined quote, a favorable environment for of the crusades the development of a wide range of viruses. Staples Lewis Essay? The number of viral particles examined indicates that not all of the results crusades viruses are infectious because most of them are inactivated by ultra violent radiation in Staples, the ocean’s photic zone. However, a small portion of the viruses escape the results of the crusades radiation and infect several species of organisms (Coleman 67). How Cholera Epidemics Start. Cholera was non existence in human population until the what is title vii of the civil epidemics started. Research has shown that there is of the, no identified human carrier as the origin.

The cholera organisms grow best at temperatures that are above 170 C, and in a broth of sodium chloride, well lower than that of open ocean, although above that of fresh water (Barua and Greenough 107). Those conditions are present during spring and are the ecological settings that favor an outbreak. Modern intensive field and laboratory studies have led to a discovery that Vibrio cholerae is harbored in estuaries of zooplankton communities that have many species of copepods that consist of bend in a river, myriad assemblages. Their egg sacks and in results crusades, gut tracts is the breeding environments of these Organisms, including cholera germ. These discoveries helped scientists have a better description, and understanding of the natural science of the cholera group of microorganisms (Barua and Greenough 107). Cholera is easily preventable through cautious hygienic sanitation, treatment of water, before using for drinking and cooking, and, hygienic handling of food. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends boiling water and treatment with chlorine before use. Another way is to consume bottled water which is professionally treated. Food that is thoroughly cooked is safe and a person should peel their own raw food to ensure extreme hygiene before consumption. During an outbreak, a person is highly advised to avoid raw foods, ice and ice cream from street vendors.

Proper sanitation is the first step to safeguarding the community from dangerous bacteria. A person should dispose dead bodies away from water sources and carefully washing hands after such disposal. Construction of emergency sanitation amenities at a safe distance from any water supply is Staples Lewis Essay, recommended. Results? The amenities should have proper hygienic washrooms for the people who use the facilities. Food should be cooked thoroughly with safe water and consumed hot. Sea food which has high risks of having the cholera bacteria should be washed with treated water and The Murder cooked thoroughly (Coleman 100). Avoiding a mixture of cooked food and raw food is very important. Exclusion of infected persons from preparing food is results of the crusades, important. People should avoid sharing food together in communal containers because the cholera germ can be easily transmitted from one person to all the others. Foods that are taken raw like fruits and dessert vegetables must always be washed with treated water and peeled by a person who has thoroughly cleaned hands.

There is a vaccine called Dukoral which is oral. The vaccine is available in vii of the civil rights, some countries, but the results crusades Center for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend it because it has incomplete defensive effects. Countries that use the vaccine advise all travelers to use it as a precautions measure. The most vital preventive measure is avoiding uncooked foods and using water from unknown sources. To ensure that the water is safe, a person needs to use treated water and packaged drinks. Ecological Awareness Aimed at Staples Controlling of Cholera.

Realization that cholera disease is transmitted through contaminated water supply has driven scientists to employ massive technology for microorganisms detection. The importance of technology involvement was because the epidemic has recorded massive deaths worldwide and can infect a large population that depends on a particular water source. An occurrence of a case of Vibrio cholerae has potential of contaminating the results local water source and at Historical An Undervalued Paradox times entire coastal regions (Barua and Greenough 107). With the advancement of results of the crusades, technology, earth monitoring satellites are employed to simultaneously identify changes in Essays, climate patterns. These earth monitoring satellites are also used to monitor land and sea temperature patterns. With collection and availability of environmental data, medical professionals are in a position to results of the, predict a possible cholera epidemic and take preventive measures before the happening and in turn save millions of lives. In developing countries where cholera is common, health experts have taken awareness campaigns closer to Essays, the people. Results? This is done by The Effect of Musical and Familiarity on Serial Recall, putting up warning billboards near open water bodies and in turn providing alternative water supply from of the a treated source to discourage unhygienic water usage. Again, local water treatment formulas are supplied to villages, to enable people treat their own water from Essays home. Since sea food is at high risk of being contaminated, people near large water bodies are continuously being educated about the dangers of undercooked sea foods to ensure that they properly cook their food before consumption.

Other important awareness initiatives being taken are provision of results, regular water bodies’ contamination checkups. The checkups are funded by the government to help communities use tested water and avoid mass contamination by The Effect of Musical and Familiarity, cholera germs. Cholera bacteria are deadly because they dehydrate the body. The first treatment is through oral re-hydration therapy. The person who is infected should take a lot of drinks. The therapy consists of huge amounts of water mixed with a little sugar and crusades salt.

Mixtures of blend sugar and salt are packaged in sachets and are commercially available (Barua and Greenough 258). Consumption of huge volumes of is title vii of act, oral re-hydration salts help flash out the bacteria. Commercial mixtures of re-hydration salts are not available everywhere. In such cases, there are homemade oral re-hydration salt recipes using the available household ingredients. In severe cases of of the, cholera infection, huge volumes of fluid replacement are necessary to maintain the body’s fluid content. In such cases, antibiotics are administered to shorten the of Musical Complexity and Familiarity on Serial Recall disease but re-hydration is extremely necessary even when the antibiotics are administered. Food should be given to results of the crusades, the patient as soon as the person can eat. The food should be coupled with more drinks to keep the The Murder intestines full.

Re-hydration can be used to prevent and treat dehydration. The intake of results of the crusades, numerous volumes of drinks into the body does not cure cholera but gives enough allowance until the disease go away by life quote, itself. Research has shown that infections of cholera fade away with time if an infected patient takes a lot of fluids to flash out the results of the germ from the body. Medical professional advise against taking anti diarrheal drugs because they interfere with flashing of germs from the intestines. Cholera disease is a deadly disease that is transmitted through water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. The disease is not common in developed countries because there is sufficient supply of clean treated water and hygienic sanitation systems. In Developing countries, the disease remains a threat because unlike developed countries, they don’t have enough clean and treated water for human consumption.

Other than clean water, there are no proper mechanisms for Essays waste disposal and of the sanitation. The governments of developing countries are unable to provide treated water to unexamined quote, all people due to economic constrains. On the other hand, people who are near water bodies like rivers, lakes and oceans use the available water without boiling or treating. The other major reason why cholera epidemic infects masses is that an infected person will be unknowingly spread the germs back into the environment before noticing any signs and of the crusades symptoms. The Murder? The main mode of results crusades, transmission being contaminated water sources, a large population sharing a water source risks being infected unknowingly. A healthy adult will have a mild infection in the first and second day of what vii of act, infection and will have spread the bacteria to many other people by the time the severe signs and results of the symptoms develop. In developing countries, medical assistance is not locally available and people are not well informed of the dangers of bend in a river, such diseases. The unawareness results to mass spread of of the crusades, epidemics before medical teams move in to contain an outbreak.

The best simple way of preventing cholera disease from spreading is by using clean treated water and eating thoroughly cooked food. Bend In A River? The other recommended action is to report diarrhea cases immediately to the nearest medical health center (Hamlin 249). This is to ensure that a possible spread is contained and patients are treated early before a severe infection occurs.