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Bibliography management with bibtex. L a T e X supports bibliographies out of the box, either embedding the references in your document or storing them in documentary, an external file. Content Analysis Essay? This article explains how to manage bibliography with the thebibliography environment and when we were kings full documentary the BibTeX system. Note: If you are starting from scratch it's recommended to use biblatex since that package provides localization in several languages, it's actively developed and makes bibliography management easier and more flexible. Standard bibliography commands in Contemporary Essay, L a T e X have a similar syntax to that of lists and items. The environment thebibliography produces a list of references; such list will be titled References in a article document class, and when we were kings documentary Bibliography in book and vikings report document classes.
A parameter inside braces, 9 in the example, indicates the number of we were documentary, entries to be added; this parameter can not be greater than 99. To create a bibliography entry the command bibitem is used. A parameter inside braces is set to label this entry and can later be used as identifier for vikings chainmail this reference. After the closing brace the text with the name of the author, the book title, publisher and so on is entered. Share L a T e X provides several templates with pre-defined styles to manage bibliography.
See this link. The example presented in the introduction only contains list of full, references, the next example shows how to cite the entries of that list within the eniac computer, document. The command cite insert the number corresponding to the bibliography entry whose label is passed inside braces. For example, the output of cite is when we were kings full . The information printed by From Essay, the command cite depends on the bibliography style used. See Bibtex bibliography styles.  Bibliography management with Bibtex. When Full? BibTeX is a widely used bibliography management tool in L a T e X , with BibTeX the bibliography entries are kept in a separate file and then imported into the main document. Once the frayn spies, external bibliography file is imported, the command cite is when kings used just as in the introductory example.
Below, a description of the commands: bibliography Imports the BibTeX file sample.bib to vikings display the bibliography. When We Were Full Documentary? To import several .bib files just write them comma-separated inside the braces, the file extension is not necessary. bibliographystyle Sets the bibliography style to be used in this document. The information displayed depends on the bibliography style used, even if the entry contains information about the date, author, title, publisher and abstract, the style used might only print the title and the author. See Bibtex bibliography styles which contains examples of the default bibliography styles in L a T e X . cite This will print a number of text, depending on the bibliography style, to reference the bibliography entry whose label is architecture dissertation topics passed to the command. In this case, the when kings full documentary, label einstein produces . Note: Unicode characters are not supported on BibTeX.
Also, if there are too many bibliography entries (+100) it may not work properly. See the vikings chainmail, further reading section for when we were kings full documentary links to other bibliography management tools . Bibliographic references are usually kept in a bibliography file whose extension is .bib, this file consists of a list of records and fields . Each bibliography record holds relevant information for a single entry. This file contains records in a special format, for instance, the first bibliographic reference is defined by: @article This is the first line of a record entry, @article denotes the entry type and tells BibTeX that the Content, information stored here is about an article. Kings Full Documentary? Besides the entry types shown in the example ( article , book and misc ) there are a lot more, see the reference guide. Michael? einstein The label einstein is we were documentary assigned to this entry, is an identifier that can be used to refer this article within the document. author = Albert Einstein, This is the first field in the bibliography entry, indicates that the author of this article is Albert Einstein. Several comma-separated fields can be added using the same syntax key = value , for instance: title, pages, year, URL, etc.
See the eniac computer, reference guide for a list of when kings documentary, possible fields. The information in this file can later be used within a L a T e X document to michael include these references, as shown in the next subsection. We Were Kings Documentary?  Adding the bibliography in the table of contents. There are two ways of including the bibliography in the table of contents, either manually adding it or using the package tocbibind (recommended). Eniac Computer? To add it manually just insert the next line right before the command begin or bibliography. for books and reports or. for articles. If you prefer to use tocbibind see the next example.
Adding the we were documentary, line. to the preamble will print the References or Bibliography in the table of contents, depending on the document type. Be careful, it will also add other elements like the Index, Glossary and list of chainmail, Listings to the table of contents. For more information see [the tocbibind package documentation]. Standard entry types. article Article from a magazine or journal book A published book booklet A work that is printed but have no publisher or sponsoring institution conference An article in a conference proceedings inbook A part of a book (section, chapter and so on) incollection A part of a book having its own title inproceedings An article in a conference proceedings manual Technical documentation masterthesis A Master's thesis misc Something that doesn't fit in any other type phdthesis A PhD thesis proceedings The same as conference techreport Report published by an institution unpublished Document not formally published, with author and title.
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Oracle Apps Manufacturing Resume Sample. Functional Consultant Oracle Applications Specialist with 11+ years of business and IT experience. ERP Analyst with 7 years of experience in manufacturing and distribution modules of Oracle Applications. Five full cycle implementation at manufacturing sites (USA) using Oracle apps R12 and full documentary, 11i various modules. Skilled in Identifying and example of observation, Analyzing Business Requirements , Solution Design, Gap Analysis , Business Process Mapping, Application configuration, Data Conversion and Validation, Customization and Localization, System and Integration Testing, User Acceptance and Training. Expertise and implementation experience in when kings full, Oracle ERP Inventory (INV), Bills of of observation Material (BOM), Work in Process (WIP), Advance supply chain planning (ASCP), Manufacturing Scheduling /MRP, Warehouse Management (WMS) , Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA), Engineering (ENG), Cost management (CST), Quality (QA), E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES), Approvals Management (AME), Order Management (OM), Purchasing (PO), Depot Repair (CSD). Functional expertise in Report, Interfaces, Conversions and Extensions (RICE) Component. Discoverer Configuration. Good working experience in we were full documentary, Demantra Demand Management, Oracle Configurator, I-Supplier, I-Procurement, Advanced Product Catalog (APC), Oracle Workflow, XML Publisher. Solution design for Business Flows and architecture dissertation topics, Functions such as Design to documentary Release , Forecast to Plan , Plan to Schedule , Schedule to Build , Quality management, Product Costing to Inventory Valuation , Inventory Count to Reconciliation , Plan to Replenish, Procure to example Pay , Internal Requisition to Deliver, Requisition to Receipt, Supplier Return, Order to Shipment, Assemble to when we were kings full Order to Shipment , Available to Promise , Service Request to Resolution, Repair process , Period End Close and Reporting. Conversant with ‘Oracle - AIM’, ‘Oracle Accelerator’ ‘GE Healthcare - IMPRD’ Implementation Methodology.
Oracle Business Accelerator-R12 certified. Project management. Example Of Observation! Experienced in managing offshore support team. Excellent communication documentation skill. Tools/Packages Oracle applications R12, 11i, 11 10.7, Oracle Accelerator, Oracle UPK, Discoverer, Bartender, Intermec- labelshop pro, Data Loader, Toad, SQL*Loader, SQL*Plus, Open Interface API , Quality Center, QTP, PVCS, e-Library, Workflow Builder, MS Project, OpenProj, MS office, Visio. Programming Language PL/SQL, SQL, HTML, XML. Operating Systems Windows Vista/XP/2000/NT, UNIX (SUN Solaris), DOS. Databases Oracle 10g, 9i, 8i, 8.x, 7.x and MS Access. Oracle 11i Implementation, GE Healthcare - GSC, Milwaukee, WI Feb 2009 Present. Global Service Center (GSC) of GEHC is the world’s leading Service business of medical diagnostic imaging equipment, including conventional and when we were full, digital x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine.
GSC implementing Oracle Applications to automate entire repair process. As a SME I implemented Depot Repair, INV, BOM, WIP, PO, OM, CST and Quality module. Key initiatives are streamline the Return Repair process, Exchange Loaner process, Asset Recovery process, Item attribute- service and template set-up , Non-standard job configuration , Productivity repair cost analysis, Repair part testing and quality data collection, Repair process holds, Repair BOM and Routing, Quality collection plans and collection element setup, label printing bar code deployment for repair process, Product cost mapping, Purchasing Position Hierarchy and approval route configuration, Shipping network set-up, Shelf life management, Cycle count Physical count setup, Solution design document, Reporting requirements. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. Gap Analysis and Resolution.
Prepared Design functional specification document for new business processes. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules like CSD, INV, BOM, WIP, CST, PO, OM and Quality. Integrated Order Management with Depot Repair to create RMA and Sales Orders, validate customer accounts, and invoice customers for vikings chainmail repairs. Integrated Quality with WIP PO to we were capture Quality data during repair inspection process. Defined various repair types like Repair and Return, Loaner, Exchange, Advance Exchange, Replacement etc to Critique of a Design From Essay support different business processes.
Configured quality collection plans to capture critical element as per repair test plan for specific item. Displayed alert massage for specifications and we were documentary, errors. Configured Purchasing options, Receiving Options, Purchasing Approval Groups, Buyers, Jobs, Position Hierarchy, Assignment set, Sourcing Rules and example, the Approved Supplier list. Form Personalization to when full trigger custom label. Evaluated/demonstrated E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES) to of observation meet FDA compliance requirements. Data Migration Validation strategy. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader.
Designed customized reports Bar code labels. When We Were Documentary! Bar Code printer deployment. Coordinated between the chainmail, business and we were full, the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and Critique of a Contemporary Design From Essay, maintenance activities by testing and when we were, troubleshooting functional issues. Conducted CRP, User Acceptance Test User Training.
Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution. Environment : Oracle Applications 184.108.40.206. Oracle R12 implementation, Escalade Inc, Evansville, IN Jan 2008 Feb 2009. ERP Specialist - MFG SC. Escalade Inc is a manufacturer and distributor of sporting goods and office/graphic arts products through two wholly owned subsidiaries: Escalade Sports and Martin Yale.
As a SME I implemented INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, CST, PO and Quality across multiple sites in michael frayn spies, US, Mexico Europe using Oracle Business Accelerator. Key initiatives are Planning and scheduling configuration , Integration with Demantra forecast model, Constrained Planning configuration, Available to promise (ATP) configuration, Build to Order process set-up, RF Scanner, label printing bar code process deployment for we were kings manufacturing, receiving and eniac computer, shipping, Super market setup, WMS org configuration , Put away and Cross Docking rule set-up, MSCA GUI configuration, PTO Kit set-up, Direct Indirect cost mapping, Return Repair process, Set-up for Demo Trade-show inventory, NPI and ECO process, Purchasing approval hierarchy configuration , Auto create purchase requisition from documentary planning workbench, Cycle count and Physical count setup, OSP and Drop-ship process, Quality collection plans and collection element set-up, Engineering, Production Purchasing hold, Scrap calculation, XML and Discoverer reports, Workflow configuration, Scrap calculation, Data migration from Analysis Essay AS400 to oracle, Training and change management. Collected business requirement by interviewing client team across multiple sites. Reviewed business process documents. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of findings.
Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared functional specifications use-case document for we were kings full documentary new or modified business processes. Conducted work sessions to frayn capture required input for when Accelerator questionnaire. Configured Production and Test instance using Accelerator advance setup template. Configuration Tool runs issues resolved and frayn spies, validated base set-up. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, PO, CST and we were kings full documentary, Quality. Integrated Quality with WIP and Purchasing to capture Quality data during manufacturing, receiving and example of observation, return process. Mapped Non conformance, disposition, skip lot inspection processes.
Data Migration strategy. Prepared CV060/CV040 - Conversion specification documents, Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Supported conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, Price list, On hand. Designed customized reports Bar code labels and prepared specification documents. Integrated testing with Bartender S/W label printer. Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals. Barcode scanning process deployment for MFG, Receiving Shipping area. Used Oracle UPK to prepare training manuals, user training document work instruction sheet.
Helped with security, Oracle responsibilities, alerts, workflow approvals and we were kings, system privileges. Identified and analyzed non-functional requirements such as system performance, usability, reliability, adaptability, security, and other operational aspects. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and eniac computer, maintenance activities by testing and when we were kings full documentary, troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to Analysis resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP, User Acceptance Test, end user training. Go Live. Production Support Implementation issues, Training, Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications R12.0.4. Oracle Apps, Cummins Power Generation, Fridley, MN Jul 2007 Jan 2008.
Cummins Power Generation is a global provider of power generation systems, components and services in we were documentary, standby power, distributed power generation, as well as auxiliary power in Critique Contemporary Kindergarten Design From Japan Essay, mobile applications. When Kings Documentary! As a Solutions Architect designed and deployed ‘Cummins Annual Operating Plan automated processes, solution that integrate IT and Essay, business process to support strategic business information needs. We Were Full Documentary! Oracle solution primarily involves Oracle Inventory, Work in Process, Bills of Material Cost management. In order to prepare the annual operating plan (AOP) for Cummins line of business (commercial, consumer Electronic) it is imperative to understand the impact of topics impending cost changes to the sellable products. Variation between the when kings full documentary, estimated total product cost planned in frayn spies, the AOP and actual total product cost resulting from cost roll should ideally be zero. To estimate the impact of we were kings documentary cost change variance as early as possible in Critique of a Contemporary Design, AOP process, a custom functionality ‘Tool Reports’ blended with standard oracle process got designed and deployed. Requirements definition evaluation: functions and when documentary, features. Prepared business use case, functional and spies, technical design specifications document. Solution design for AOP automated tool and when documentary, reports.
Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the example of observation, solution delivery process. Identified operational inefficiencies and integration issues. Suggested alternative solution. Prioritization and assignment of when kings full documentary development activities to offshore team. Specification documents for reports customizations. Designed deployed customized reports. Prepared test script, user training document and Content Essay, work instruction sheet. Conducted integrated testing and UAT. Analyzed data issues and resolved problems.
Supported development and execution of deployment plan. Environment : Oracle Applications 10.7. Achievement : Year 2007 AOP variation was $15.7 million. After AOP automated tool deployment, 2008 variation is virtually Zero. Oracle 11i Roll-out, USG Interiors Inc, Greenville, MS Mar 2007 - Jun 2007. USG is a leading manufacturer of building materials for the construction and we were full, remodeling industries. As an ERP analyst rolled out Oracle Inventory, Bills of Material, Work in Process, Warehouse Management and Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA) and cost modules at USG plant. Key initiatives were Item attributes, template, categories configuration, RF Scanner and architecture dissertation topics, bar code process deployment, WMS Org configuration, WMS Rules set-up, Receiving manufacturing transactions on RF scanner, New product introduction (NPI), cycle count set-up, Work Order-less Completions and kings full documentary, return process, Scrap calculation , Production Reporting and Reconciliation, product cost mapping , Custom reports. Requirement collection evaluation.
Scope determination. Mapped business process with the michael spies, oracle modules. When We Were Kings! Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Trained Users on michael frayn, Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals for manufacturing and when we were full, inventory transactions. Prepared test plans, user training document work instruction sheet. Designed implemented customized reports/labels required by users. Vikings! Integrated testing with bar code S/W label printer. Coordinated between the business and we were kings full, the technical team members through the solution delivery process.
Recommended Supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and vikings, maintenance activities by kings documentary, testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to Content Analysis resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP , User Acceptance Test , end user training and Go Live. Production Support roll-out issues , Training, Month end activities. Environment: Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at Datex-Ohmeda Inc, Laurel, MD Oct 2005 - Feb 2007. Manufacturing Functional Lead. Datex-Ohmeda Inc is implementing Oracle Applications Suite of when we were full documentary software to eniac computer meet its e-business vision.
As a Function Lead implemented Oracle INV, BOM, WIP, ENG, MS/MRP, PO, ERES and kings, AME at Laurel plant. Key initiatives were to configure Planning, Inventory Min-Max planning, SMI material through Kanban Replenishment, cycle count physical count set-up, OSP process, Shelf life item management. Super market setup (Lean MFG) to architecture dissertation streamline material handling, ERES deployment across oracle modules, ATO PTO, Approval hierarchy set-up, Data migration from legacy system to oracle. Coordinated with technical team for customization, third party system integrations (e-Matrix, GXS- supplier portal, BI Reports-Cognos), SOX compliance. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and when documentary, Resolution. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of findings.
Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40, Data Validation Load file preparation. Deployed ERES AME framework to achieve FDA compliance for of observation required business transactions. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces/Data Loader. Conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, On handetc. When We Were Kings Full Documentary! Error resolution. Designed customized reports Bar code labels required by users. Eniac Computer! Specification documents for documentary Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at chainmail, various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for when we were kings full documentary user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to example of observation End.
Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for when we were kings full documentary test case management and defect tracking. Prepared Test Plan, Training Documents and Contemporary Kindergarten Design, work instructions. User training and User Acceptance Test. When! Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Eniac Computer! Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at GE Clinical Systems, Madison, WI Feb 2004 Aug 2005. GE Clinical Systems in full documentary, the business of high end Medical equipment like digital imaging, scanners etc. It is carrying out the implementation in Content Essay, a global single instance in when kings documentary, a discrete manufacturing environment.
As a MFG Consultant I was responsible for INV, WIP, BOM, CST and ENG module implementation. Vikings Chainmail! Key initiatives were to set up Item parameter, cycle count physical count, Model BOM Configuration, Product Cost mapping, Cost-roll up and variance analysis, Data migration and when kings documentary, validation, NPI and ECO process. Of Observation! Coordinated with technical team for third party system integrations (Sales workbench, Service Parts Order Management, BI Reports, IQA) Mapped business requirements. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. When Kings Full Documentary! Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40.
Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces / Data Loader. Conversions like Item, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, On handetc. Error resolution. Designed customized reports/labels required by users. Michael Frayn Spies! Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60.
Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and full, ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to End. Of A Contemporary Kindergarten From Japan Essay! Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for test case management and defect tracking. Prepared Training Documents. End user training. Conducted CRP UAT.
Go-live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end Quarter close activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.9. Oracle Apps Production Support, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI Apr 2003 Jan 2004. Production support activities (24x7) for GE healthcare live sites across Americas, Europe and when we were kings full documentary, Asia. Tracked and resolved business user issues and helped with process across Manufacturing, Distribution and Finance modules. Assisted program manager by scoping the proposed solution leading to accurate cost and chainmail, time estimates. Developed functional specifications and when kings full documentary, system design specifications document to meet business requirements.
Supported Conversions, Report, Interfaces, and michael, Extensions requirements. Prepared Set-up BR100, Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Supported Data conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, on hand, Sourcing rule, Item Transaction Defaults, Open PO, Price List. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Test plan development and execution. Conducted User training. Prepared training documents and work instructions. Month end, Quarter close, Year end activities and reporting. Environment : Oracle Applications 11i. Configure, Price, Quote, GE Healthcare, Mumbai, India Feb 2001 Mar 2003. Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ), a Product Configuration application, is GEHC’s global initiative to integrate its multiple equipment selling systems on a single global platform.
CPQ integrates with the Order to Receipt (OTR) Oracle Apps system different components of when we were kings documentary sales workbench. CPQ Application is being developed using Selectica’s ISS (Interactive Selling System) tool. Identified and consolidated key Business needs requirements from different GEHC businesses feeding into vikings the CPQ program. Analyzed and when, Evaluated enhancements to the application. Coordinated between User and dissertation, technical teams through the design and development process to full documentary delivery. Developed test plan and example of observation, integrated test script. Used Test Director for when kings full defect tracking.
Designed Product hierarchy tool to architecture dissertation support product configuration. Developed use cases system mock up for support tools. Bajaj Tempo Limited, M.P., India Jul 1997 Jun 1999. Bajaj Tempo is a leading light commercial Vehicle manufacturer in when we were kings, India. Topics! Manufacture Tempo Trax, Tempo Traveler, Matador, Tempo Tractor, and Mini-door in the segment of passenger load carrying vehicle. As Production Engineer I was -in-charge of Tempo Trax production line, managed manpower of around 20 employees and when we were documentary, reporting to Plant Manager. Production planning to meet daily and monthly targets. Manufacturing scheduling Resource allocation. Co-ordination with supporting dept. (Maintenance, Quality control, IT , Return Repair dept etc).
Performance monitoring execution. Production issue resolution. Master of Engineering (Manufacturing Systems), Birla Institute of Technology and Science- Pilani, Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical), Govt. Example! Engineering College, Ujjain India.
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When We Were Kings | Documentary Heaven
Transcript: Barack Obama's Speech on Race. Click to view mentions of key words in Obama's speech. hide caption. The number of times Obama used these key words in his March 18 speech on race in Philadelphia. The following is a transcript of the remarks of Democratic Illinois Sen. Barack Obama, delivered March 18, 2008, in Philadelphia at the Constitution Center. In it, Obama addresses the role race has played in the presidential campaign. He also responds to criticism of the Rev.
Jeremiah Wright, an unpaid campaign adviser and pastor at Obama's Chicago church. When We Were Documentary. Wright has made inflammatory remarks about the United States and eniac computer, has accused the when kings full, country of frayn bringing on the Sept. 11 attacks by when documentary spreading terrorism. We the people, in order to form a more perfect union . ó 221 years ago, in a hall that still stands across the street, a group of men gathered and, with these simple words, launched America's improbable experiment in democracy. Farmers and scholars, statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at Kindergarten Design Japan Essay, a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of 1787. The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by when kings full documentary this nation's original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least 20 more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations. Of course, the answer to spies the slavery question was already embedded within our Constitution ó a Constitution that had at we were documentary, its very core the ideal of equal citizenship under the law; a Constitution that promised its people liberty and justice and Content Analysis Essay, a union that could be and should be perfected over time. And yet words on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the United States.
What would be needed were Americans in when we were documentary, successive generations who were willing to do their part ó through protests and struggles, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience, and always at Japan Essay, great risk ó to kings full documentary narrow that gap between the promise of example our ideals and we were kings full, the reality of their time. This was one of the tasks we set forth at the beginning of vikings chainmail this presidential campaign ó to continue the long march of those who came before us, a march for full documentary, a more just, more equal, more free, more caring and more prosperous America. I chose to run for Content Analysis, president at we were kings documentary, this moment in history because I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of chainmail our time unless we solve them together, unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction ó toward a better future for our children and our grandchildren. This belief comes from my unyielding faith in the decency and when we were full documentary, generosity of the American people. But it also comes from my own story. I am the son of a black man from Kenya and a white woman from Kansas. I was raised with the of a From Essay, help of a white grandfather who survived a Depression to serve in Patton's Army during World War II and a white grandmother who worked on a bomber assembly line at Fort Leavenworth while he was overseas. I've gone to some of the best schools in America and kings full, lived in one of the world's poorest nations. Architecture Dissertation Topics. I am married to a black American who carries within her the blood of slaves and slaveowners ó an when full, inheritance we pass on eniac computer, to our two precious daughters.
I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and cousins of every race and every hue, scattered across three continents, and for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is my story even possible. It's a story that hasn't made me the most conventional of candidates. But it is a story that has seared into my genetic makeup the when documentary, idea that this nation is more than the sum of its parts ó that out of many, we are truly one. Throughout the eniac computer, first year of this campaign, against all predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry the American people were for we were documentary, this message of unity. Of Observation. Despite the temptation to view my candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won commanding victories in states with some of the we were documentary, whitest populations in the country. In South Carolina, where the Confederate flag still flies, we built a powerful coalition of African-Americans and white Americans. This is not to say that race has not been an issue in this campaign.
At various stages in the campaign, some commentators have deemed me either too black or not black enough. Architecture Topics. We saw racial tensions bubble to the surface during the when we were full, week before the South Carolina primary. The press has scoured every single exit poll for the latest evidence of racial polarization, not just in terms of white and vikings, black, but black and brown as well. And yet, it has only been in the last couple of weeks that the discussion of race in when full, this campaign has taken a particularly divisive turn. On one end of the spectrum, we've heard the Critique Contemporary From, implication that my candidacy is we were kings documentary, somehow an exercise in eniac computer, affirmative action; that it's based solely on the desire of wide-eyed liberals to we were kings full purchase racial reconciliation on the cheap.
On the other end, we've heard my former pastor, Jeremiah Wright, use incendiary language to express views that have the potential not only to widen the racial divide, but views that denigrate both the of a Kindergarten, greatness and full, the goodness of our nation, and that rightly offend white and black alike. I have already condemned, in unequivocal terms, the statements of Reverend Wright that have caused such controversy and, in some cases, pain. For some, nagging questions remain. Did I know him to be an of observation, occasionally fierce critic of American domestic and kings, foreign policy? Of course. Did I ever hear him make remarks that could be considered controversial while I sat in chainmail, the church? Yes. Did I strongly disagree with many of his political views? Absolutely ó just as I'm sure many of you have heard remarks from when we were kings your pastors, priests, or rabbis with which you strongly disagreed. But the remarks that have caused this recent firestorm weren't simply controversial. They weren't simply a religious leader's efforts to Content Analysis speak out against perceived injustice.
Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country ó a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is right with America; a view that sees the conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of we were kings full stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and Content Analysis, hateful ideologies of radical Islam. As such, Reverend Wright's comments were not only kings full documentary, wrong but divisive, divisive at a time when we need unity; racially charged at a time when we need to architecture topics come together to solve a set of monumental problems ó two wars, a terrorist threat, a falling economy, a chronic health care crisis and we were full, potentially devastating climate change ó problems that are neither black or white or Latino or Asian, but rather problems that confront us all. Given my background, my politics, and my professed values and ideals, there will no doubt be those for whom my statements of condemnation are not enough. Frayn. Why associate myself with Reverend Wright in the first place, they may ask? Why not join another church?
And I confess that if all that I knew of Reverend Wright were the snippets of those sermons that have run in an endless loop on the television sets and YouTube, or if Trinity United Church of Christ conformed to the caricatures being peddled by some commentators, there is kings documentary, no doubt that I would react in example, much the when we were kings, same way. But the truth is, that isn't all that I know of the man. The man I met more than 20 years ago is a man who helped introduce me to vikings chainmail my Christian faith, a man who spoke to me about our obligations to love one another, to care for the sick and lift up the poor. He is a man who served his country as a United States Marine; who has studied and lectured at some of the finest universities and seminaries in when documentary, the country, and who for over 30 years has led a church that serves the community by doing God's work here on Earth ó by housing the homeless, ministering to spies the needy, providing day care services and scholarships and prison ministries, and reaching out to kings full those suffering from HIV/AIDS. In my first book, Dreams From My Father , I describe the experience of my first service at Trinity: People began to example of observation shout, to rise from their seats and when full documentary, clap and cry out, a forceful wind carrying the reverend's voice up into the rafters.
And in that single note ó hope! ó I heard something else: At the foot of that cross, inside the michael, thousands of churches across the when kings full documentary, city, I imagined the stories of ordinary black people merging with the stories of David and Goliath, Moses and Pharaoh, the Christians in Critique of a Contemporary Kindergarten Design Japan Essay, the lion's den, Ezekiel's field of dry bones. Those stories ó of survival and freedom and full documentary, hope ó became our stories, my story. The blood that spilled was our blood, the tears our tears, until this black church, on this bright day, seemed once more a vessel carrying the story of a people into future generations and into eniac computer, a larger world. Our trials and when kings full documentary, triumphs became at vikings chainmail, once unique and universal, black and more than black. In chronicling our journey, the stories and songs gave us a meaning to reclaim memories that we didn't need to when we were feel shame about ó memories that all people might study and cherish, and with which we could start to rebuild. That has been my experience at Trinity.
Like other predominantly black churches across the of a Contemporary Design From, country, Trinity embodies the black community in its entirety ó the doctor and when we were kings, the welfare mom, the model student and the former gang-banger. Like other black churches, Trinity's services are full of raucous laughter and eniac computer, sometimes bawdy humor. They are full of dancing and clapping and screaming and shouting that may seem jarring to the untrained ear. The church contains in full the kindness and cruelty, the fierce intelligence and the shocking ignorance, the struggles and successes, the love and, yes, the bitterness and biases that make up the black experience in America. And this helps explain, perhaps, my relationship with Reverend Wright.
As imperfect as he may be, he has been like family to me. We Were Kings Full Documentary. He strengthened my faith, officiated my wedding, and baptized my children. Not once in my conversations with him have I heard him talk about any ethnic group in derogatory terms, or treat whites with whom he interacted with anything but courtesy and respect. He contains within him the contradictions ó the good and the bad ó of the community that he has served diligently for so many years. I can no more disown him than I can disown the eniac computer, black community. Full Documentary. I can no more disown him than I can disown my white grandmother ó a woman who helped raise me, a woman who sacrificed again and again for me, a woman who loves me as much as she loves anything in this world, but a woman who once confessed her fear of Content Analysis black men who passed her by on the street, and kings, who on more than one occasion has uttered racial or ethnic stereotypes that made me cringe. These people are a part of me. And they are part of America, this country that I love. Some will see this as an attempt to justify or excuse comments that are simply inexcusable. I can assure you it is not. I suppose the politically safe thing to do would be to move on from this episode and just hope that it fades into the woodwork.
We can dismiss Reverend Wright as a crank or a demagogue, just as some have dismissed Geraldine Ferraro, in the aftermath of her recent statements, as harboring some deep-seated bias. But race is an issue that I believe this nation cannot afford to ignore right now. We would be making the same mistake that Reverend Wright made in of a Contemporary Kindergarten Design From Japan Essay, his offending sermons about America ó to simplify and stereotype and amplify the negative to the point that it distorts reality. The fact is that the comments that have been made and the issues that have surfaced over the last few weeks reflect the complexities of race in this country that we've never really worked through ó a part of our union that we have not yet made perfect. And if we walk away now, if we simply retreat into our respective corners, we will never be able to come together and solve challenges like health care or education or the we were kings full documentary, need to find good jobs for every American. Understanding this reality requires a reminder of how we arrived at this point. As William Faulkner once wrote, The past isn't dead and buried. In fact, it isn't even past. We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country.
But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist between the African-American community and the larger American community today can be traced directly to inequalities passed on vikings, from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow. Segregated schools were and are inferior schools; we still haven't fixed them, 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education. And the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today's black and white students. Legalized discrimination ó where blacks were prevented, often through violence, from owning property, or loans were not granted to African-American business owners, or black homeowners could not access FHA mortgages, or blacks were excluded from unions or the police force or the we were kings full documentary, fire department ó meant that black families could not amass any meaningful wealth to architecture bequeath to future generations. That history helps explain the wealth and income gap between blacks and whites, and the concentrated pockets of poverty that persist in kings documentary, so many of frayn today's urban and rural communities. A lack of economic opportunity among black men, and the shame and frustration that came from full documentary not being able to provide for one's family contributed to vikings the erosion of black families ó a problem that welfare policies for when kings full, many years may have worsened.
And the architecture dissertation, lack of we were basic services in so many urban black neighborhoods ó parks for kids to play in, police walking the beat, regular garbage pickup, building code enforcement ó all helped create a cycle of violence, blight and neglect that continues to haunt us. This is the reality in which Reverend Wright and vikings chainmail, other African-Americans of his generation grew up. Kings Full Documentary. They came of age in the late '50s and vikings, early '60s, a time when segregation was still the when we were kings documentary, law of the land and opportunity was systematically constricted. What's remarkable is not how many failed in the face of discrimination, but how many men and women overcame the odds; how many were able to make a way out of no way, for those like me who would come after them. For all those who scratched and eniac computer, clawed their way to get a piece of the when we were kings, American Dream, there were many who didn't make it ó those who were ultimately defeated, in chainmail, one way or another, by discrimination. That legacy of defeat was passed on when documentary, to future generations ó those young men and, increasingly, young women who we see standing on street corners or languishing in our prisons, without hope or prospects for the future. Even for those blacks who did make it, questions of race and racism continue to architecture dissertation define their worldview in fundamental ways. For the kings full documentary, men and women of Reverend Wright's generation, the memories of humiliation and doubt and fear have not gone away; nor has the vikings chainmail, anger and the bitterness of those years. That anger may not get expressed in public, in when we were full documentary, front of white co-workers or white friends.
But it does find voice in the barbershop or the beauty shop or around the kitchen table. At times, that anger is exploited by politicians, to gin up votes along racial lines, or to make up for a politician's own failings. And occasionally it finds voice in the church on example of observation, Sunday morning, in full, the pulpit and in the pews. The fact that so many people are surprised to hear that anger in some of Reverend Wright's sermons simply reminds us of the old truism that the chainmail, most segregated hour of American life occurs on Sunday morning. That anger is not always productive; indeed, all too often it distracts attention from solving real problems; it keeps us from squarely facing our own complicity within the African-American community in our condition, and prevents the we were, African-American community from forging the alliances it needs to of observation bring about real change. But the anger is real; it is powerful. And to simply wish it away, to when kings full condemn it without understanding its roots, only Contemporary From, serves to widen the chasm of misunderstanding that exists between the when we were, races. In fact, a similar anger exists within segments of the white community.
Most working- and middle-class white Americans don't feel that they have been particularly privileged by their race. Vikings. Their experience is the immigrant experience ó as far as they're concerned, no one handed them anything. They built it from scratch. They've worked hard all their lives, many times only to see their jobs shipped overseas or their pensions dumped after a lifetime of labor. We Were Kings. They are anxious about their futures, and they feel their dreams slipping away. And in an era of stagnant wages and global competition, opportunity comes to Kindergarten Design From be seen as a zero sum game, in which your dreams come at my expense. So when they are told to bus their children to we were a school across town; when they hear an African-American is getting an advantage in landing a good job or a spot in a good college because of an injustice that they themselves never committed; when they're told that their fears about crime in urban neighborhoods are somehow prejudiced, resentment builds over time.
Like the anger within the of observation, black community, these resentments aren't always expressed in polite company. But they have helped shape the political landscape for at least a generation. Anger over welfare and when documentary, affirmative action helped forge the Reagan Coalition. Politicians routinely exploited fears of crime for their own electoral ends. Talk show hosts and conservative commentators built entire careers unmasking bogus claims of chainmail racism while dismissing legitimate discussions of racial injustice and inequality as mere political correctness or reverse racism. Just as black anger often proved counterproductive, so have these white resentments distracted attention from the real culprits of the middle class squeeze ó a corporate culture rife with inside dealing, questionable accounting practices and short-term greed; a Washington dominated by when kings full documentary lobbyists and special interests; economic policies that favor the few over the many. And yet, to wish away the resentments of white Americans, to example of observation label them as misguided or even racist, without recognizing they are grounded in legitimate concerns ó this too widens the racial divide and blocks the path to understanding. This is where we are right now.
It's a racial stalemate we've been stuck in for years. Contrary to the claims of some of my critics, black and white, I have never been so naive as to believe that we can get beyond our racial divisions in a single election cycle, or with a single candidacy ó particularly a candidacy as imperfect as my own. But I have asserted a firm conviction ó a conviction rooted in my faith in God and my faith in the American people ó that, working together, we can move beyond some of our old racial wounds, and that in fact we have no choice if we are to continue on the path of a more perfect union. For the African-American community, that path means embracing the burdens of our past without becoming victims of our past. It means continuing to insist on a full measure of justice in we were full, every aspect of American life. But it also means binding our particular grievances ó for better health care and example of observation, better schools and better jobs ó to the larger aspirations of all Americans: the full documentary, white woman struggling to break the Critique Design From Japan Essay, glass ceiling, the white man who has been laid off, the when we were kings, immigrant trying to feed his family. Michael Frayn. And it means taking full responsibility for when kings full documentary, our own lives ó by Critique Kindergarten Design demanding more from our fathers, and spending more time with our children, and when we were kings full, reading to them, and teaching them that while they may face challenges and discrimination in their own lives, they must never succumb to despair or cynicism; they must always believe that they can write their own destiny. Ironically, this quintessentially American ó and yes, conservative ó notion of self-help found frequent expression in Reverend Wright's sermons. But what my former pastor too often failed to understand is that embarking on a program of self-help also requires a belief that society can change. The profound mistake of Reverend Wright's sermons is vikings, not that he spoke about racism in our society. It's that he spoke as if our society was static; as if no progress had been made; as if this country ó a country that has made it possible for one of his own members to documentary run for the highest office in the land and build a coalition of white and black, Latino and Asian, rich and architecture dissertation, poor, young and old ó is we were kings full documentary, still irrevocably bound to architecture dissertation a tragic past.
But what we know ó what we have seen ó is that America can change. That is the true genius of this nation. What we have already achieved gives us hope ó the when we were kings documentary, audacity to hope ó for what we can and architecture, must achieve tomorrow. In the white community, the path to we were full documentary a more perfect union means acknowledging that what ails the African-American community does not just exist in the minds of vikings black people; that the legacy of kings full documentary discrimination ó and current incidents of eniac computer discrimination, while less overt than in the past ó are real and must be addressed, not just with words, but with deeds, by investing in our schools and our communities; by enforcing our civil rights laws and ensuring fairness in our criminal justice system; by providing this generation with ladders of opportunity that were unavailable for we were full, previous generations. It requires all Americans to realize that your dreams do not have to come at the expense of my dreams; that investing in the health, welfare and chainmail, education of black and brown and white children will ultimately help all of America prosper. In the we were kings, end, then, what is called for is nothing more and nothing less than what all the world's great religions demand ó that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Let us be our brother's keeper, scripture tells us.
Let us be our sister's keeper. Let us find that common stake we all have in one another, and let our politics reflect that spirit as well. For we have a choice in this country. We can accept a politics that breeds division and conflict and cynicism. We can tackle race only as spectacle ó as we did in the O.J. trial ó or in Critique Contemporary Kindergarten From, the wake of tragedy ó as we did in the aftermath of Katrina ó or as fodder for the nightly news. We can play Reverend Wright's sermons on every channel, every day and talk about them from now until the election, and make the only question in this campaign whether or not the when documentary, American people think that I somehow believe or sympathize with his most offensive words. We can pounce on some gaffe by a Hillary supporter as evidence that she's playing the race card, or we can speculate on whether white men will all flock to Critique Contemporary Design Japan John McCain in the general election regardless of his policies. But if we do, I can tell you that in the next election, we'll be talking about when kings full, some other distraction. And then another one. And then another one.
And nothing will change. That is one option. Or, at this moment, in example, this election, we can come together and say, Not this time. This time, we want to when we were kings talk about the crumbling schools that are stealing the future of black children and white children and Asian children and Hispanic children and eniac computer, Native American children. This time, we want to reject the cynicism that tells us that these kids can't learn; that those kids who don't look like us are somebody else's problem. The children of America are not those kids, they are our kids, and we will not let them fall behind in we were, a 21st century economy. Not this time. This time we want to talk about how the chainmail, lines in the emergency room are filled with whites and blacks and Hispanics who do not have health care, who don't have the we were kings documentary, power on architecture topics, their own to overcome the kings full, special interests in Washington, but who can take them on if we do it together. This time, we want to talk about the shuttered mills that once provided a decent life for men and women of michael every race, and kings, the homes for sale that once belonged to Americans from eniac computer every religion, every region, every walk of life.
This time, we want to talk about the fact that the real problem is not that someone who doesn't look like you might take your job; it's that the corporation you work for will ship it overseas for nothing more than a profit. This time, we want to talk about the men and when we were, women of every color and creed who serve together and Content Analysis Essay, fight together and bleed together under the same proud flag. We Were. We want to vikings chainmail talk about how to bring them home from a war that should have never been authorized and should have never been waged. And we want to talk about how we'll show our patriotism by caring for when kings, them and their families, and giving them the benefits that they have earned. I would not be running for President if I didn't believe with all my heart that this is what the vast majority of Americans want for this country. This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected. And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the Analysis, next generation ó the when we were kings full documentary, young people whose attitudes and beliefs and openness to eniac computer change have already made history in this election. There is when, one story in particularly that I'd like to leave you with today ó a story I told when I had the great honor of speaking on Dr. King's birthday at his home church, Ebenezer Baptist, in Atlanta. There is Critique Design Japan, a young, 23-year-old white woman named Ashley Baia who organized for our campaign in we were kings, Florence, S.C.
She had been working to organize a mostly African-American community since the beginning of this campaign, and one day she was at spies, a roundtable discussion where everyone went around telling their story and why they were there. And Ashley said that when she was 9 years old, her mother got cancer. And because she had to miss days of work, she was let go and lost her health care. They had to file for bankruptcy, and that's when Ashley decided that she had to do something to help her mom. She knew that food was one of their most expensive costs, and so Ashley convinced her mother that what she really liked and really wanted to eat more than anything else was mustard and relish sandwiches ó because that was the cheapest way to eat. That's the mind of a 9-year-old. She did this for a year until her mom got better.
So she told everyone at the roundtable that the reason she joined our campaign was so that she could help the when we were, millions of other children in the country who want and need to help their parents, too. Now, Ashley might have made a different choice. Perhaps somebody told her along the way that the source of her mother's problems were blacks who were on welfare and too lazy to work, or Hispanics who were coming into the country illegally. But she didn't. Architecture Topics. She sought out allies in her fight against injustice. Anyway, Ashley finishes her story and then goes around the room and asks everyone else why they're supporting the campaign. They all have different stories and different reasons. When We Were Full. Many bring up a specific issue.
And finally they come to this elderly black man who's been sitting there quietly the entire time. And Ashley asks him why he's there. Michael. And he does not bring up a specific issue. He does not say health care or the economy. He does not say education or the war. He does not say that he was there because of Barack Obama. He simply says to everyone in the room, I am here because of kings Ashley.
I'm here because of Ashley. Vikings Chainmail. By itself, that single moment of when full documentary recognition between that young white girl and that old black man is spies, not enough. When Kings. It is not enough to give health care to of observation the sick, or jobs to the jobless, or education to our children. But it is where we start. It is kings documentary, where our union grows stronger.
And as so many generations have come to realize over of observation, the course of the full, 221 years since a band of patriots signed that document right here in Philadelphia, that is architecture dissertation, where the perfection begins.
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Analysis of Michael Pollanís essay ďWhy Bother?Ē Analysis of Michael Pollanís essay ďWhy Bother?Ē Michael Pollan, in his essay ďWhy botherĒ published last April 20, 2008 in we were kings full, the New York Times , is convincing the Critique Japan, public to do their own individual share of averting climate change by bothering to do what they may think as insignificant activities yet nevertheless would help decrease the release of CO 2 into the atmosphere. In his essay he tackles the dilemma of how difficult that task is considering that the heart of the when full, problem is a crisis of character; a fault on modern manís ingrained way of thinking and doing things. Pollan asserts in his essay that the difficulty to vikings chainmail, avert climate change is not because it needed massive human acts and we were kings, sacrifices but because it demands a collective insignificant individual change in daily human activities; a change however that is not seen as an obvious solution to the problem by most people. Need essay sample on Analysis of Michael Pollanís essay ďWhy Bother?Ē ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. The above assertion points out three claims made by Pollan in the essay. First, the task of contributing individual share to avert climate change is eniac computer so ordinary, simple and utterly useless that it may be regarded as a bother. Second, manís countless everyday acts and choices is what had put him into the crisis of climate change and when we were kings full documentary, that radically changing his everyday acts and choices may well save the planet. Third, modern man does not realize that a personal change is demanded of him to solve the Content, problem of full documentary climate change. Of A Contemporary Design Essay. For the first claim, Pollan derive his evidence from quotation, feedbacks from when we were kings scientists and reasoning. He quoted former Vice-President AL Goreís documentary movie, ďAn Inconvenient TruthĒ, where in the closing credits it asked the viewers to change their light bulbs (Pollan 1).
Even though the problem of climate change or global warming seems daunting, Al Goreís documentary proposes that merely changing a light bulb may help solve the problem. What a very simple and ordinary solution to a big problem! But, in Essay, Pollanís reasoning, the ordinariness and simplicity itself is actually what had made it more difficult to undertake since the task looks insignificant and useless. Instead of when kings full being seen as a solution, it is regarded more as a bother, an architecture, unchallenging interruption to full documentary, everyday ways of living (Pollan 2). Architecture. Moreover this little seemingly insignificant task looks more insignificant considering the when we were full documentary, fact that something radically big needs to be done as soon as possible to chainmail, save the Planet otherwise it will be too late to save it. Pollan supported this fear by drawing evidence from kings full scientist projections who declared that the warming and the melting is occurring much faster than the models they had predicted , stating that ďclimate change is upon vikings chainmail, us and it has arrived well ahead its scheduleĒ (Pollan 1) . The second claim is supported by citing physical evidence, analysis and reasoning. It is we were documentary not as though something awfully huge made by architecture dissertation topics some particular individuals had caused this crisis but that it had accumulated through the years as each individual collectively encouraged the production of CO 2 through his daily lifestyle. Pollan points out when documentary, several examples of manís daily ordinary activities such as driving, using light and eatingóactivities, that upon careful analysis, directly and indirectly causes the increase of CO 2 in the atmosphere (Pollan 1-2). According to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ď the transport accounts for between 55% and 99% greenhouse gasesÖtwo-thirds of example of observation it are attributable to the private car in the form of CO2Ē ( OECD 17). Pollon reasons that as long as man rides a car or patronizes these products he is actually encouraging the we were kings documentary, increase of CO 2 in the atmosphere. If all of these daily individual activities are summed up together, by mathematical reasoning, the chainmail, consequence is magnified.
Pollan supported his third claim based on physical evidence and reasoning. He points out that modern man is used to solve his big problem by when we were kings full the implementation of legislation or technology, or to look for architecture dissertation leaders and experts rather than by actually thinking he needs to change his lifestyle. As evidence, he cites modern manís reliance and dependence on specialists such as agribusiness for meals, doctors for health, teacher for education, and environmentalist for the care of the environment (Pollan 2). As a generalization from we were kings full these examples, Pollan concludes how unimaginable then for modern man to think that he really has the personal responsibility to prevent climate change by making changes in the level of his everyday living. Logically, based on the preceding examples, man would naturally think that it is the government, scientists or environmentalists that take care of the vikings chainmail, problem of climate change and not himself. Personally, this is what I had thought before, that the big responsibility does not rest on when we were me but on others who have the ďofficialĒ responsibility. What is being warranted in Pollanís assertion is that all of humanity causes the problem and Analysis Essay, should therefore as a whole must work together to when full documentary, solve the problem.
Modern man should not expect that only a few people or agencies are needed to prevent climate change. As long as the architecture topics, source of the problem is not removed, the problem will always persist. In this essay, Pollan make use of the three types of appeals (pathos, ethos and logos) to convince his listeners to take his side; to when we were kings full, really bother. In using the ethos appeal, he derives credibility to vikings chainmail, his arguments by quoting or citing statements from reliable sources and individuals who have the authority to speak about the we were kings full documentary, issue such as then Vice President Al Goreís documentary movie ďThe Inconvenient TruthĒ as well as scientists. In the logos appeal, he engages his audience in an intellectual discussion, using a lot of architecture mathematical or logical reasoning or generalizations to make his point and arrive in conclusions. He also make use of pathos appeal; in one point he stirs up the audience to fear when he describes the terrifying threats of the exponential increase of CO 2 concentration in the arctic and then proceed to ask ďHave you looked into the eyes of a climate scientist recently?
They look really scaredĒ (Pollan 1). At the same time he motivated his audience to action by reminding them how beautiful, rewarding and accomplished they would feel if they do bother (like bothering to plant a garden) (Pollan 4). We Were Full. In the architecture, essay, ďWhy BotherĒ Michael Pollan is trying to when we were documentary, make each person see their responsibility in preventing climate change and that what an individual can do may look insignificant but collectively can make a huge difference. He claims that all of humanity causes the problem and therefore must do their share to solve it. In convincing his audience to vikings chainmail, believe his arguments, Pollan uses evidence to support his claims through quoting reliable sources as well as using physical evidence, and observation. To convince his audience , he use a lot of reasoning based on the evidence as well as using a language that would motivate and stir up his audience to action. OECD. Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport: Analytical Methods. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
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Brand Preference Literature Review. “A consumer buying a product is buying it for its function, performance, utility nevertheless he/she is buying for its image status” (Terpstra Sarathy, 1997). In fact, consumer products have implications much greater than just their function or utility. When We Were Kings Full Documentary! (Levy, 1959; 2007 Business Monitor Survey, 2007; Ericksen, 1996; Mick, 1986; Czikszentmihalyi et al., 1981; Sriram, et al. 2006; Leigh and Gabel, 1992;). Products are now are not just consumed for their material utilities but also for chainmail, their symbolic meaning which is conveyed by their brand images. (Elliot, 1997). Deducing that, the products are not merely “sets of when we were full, attributes which yield any particular benefit” (Holt, 1995, p. 1). Therefore, a consumer is much likely to use brands to express how he/she is either similar to/different from people of their group (Markus and Kitayama, 1991).It has been reported by Bhat Reddy (1998) that, the brands have practical emblematic importance for its consumers. This emblematic importance that is associated with the architecture dissertation brands, is often conveyed through the choice a of brands (McCracken, 1986; Gottdeiner, 1985). Meaning that, there exists relation between brand image, which is in sync along the when we were kings full documentary consumer’s self image the emblematic importance of the brands. (Zinkham and Hong, 1991; Chang and Chieng, 2006). Consumer will prefer those brands whose personalities match to his/her self image (Schiffman and Kanuk, 2000). Consumers does so mainly to express themselves; as being alike to the personalities (Kassarjian, 1971; Aaker, 1999; Sirgy, 1982).
In other words, consumer prefers certain brands to either create or maintain his/her self image to themselves or to their groups (Zinkham and Hong, 1991; Sirgy, 1982; Wallendorf and Arnould, 1988). In current scenario, “purchase and consumption have emerged as silent ways of self-expression” (Jamal and Goode, 2001, p. 483). Researches shows us that self expression or perceived self image do affect consumer’s brand preference their purchase intentions (Domestic Beer - US - December 2007, 2007; Ericksen, 1996; Mehta, 1999;) Its live example is, Ericksen’s research in 1996 where he found significant relation in self image and the intention to buy US based automobile (Ford Escort). Eniac Computer! Therefore, it could be inferred that “individuals prefer brands that do have image compatible with their self perceptions” (Solomon, 1983; Ericksen, 1996; Belk, et. al., 1982; Jamal and Goode, 2001; Zinkham and Hong, 1991;) The higher self image consistency will strengthen positive attitude towards brands products (Ericksen, 1996; Sirgy, 1982, 1985, 1991; Sirgy, et. al., 1997; Schoenfelder and Harris, 2004). Therefore, consumer’s self-image is strongly related to the brand’s image vice versa is also true. (Graeff, 1996). To the brand’s exact status deducibility for weather the brand is strongly related to the image of an individual; brand awareness is critical. Brand awareness is we were kings documentary defined as, “a rudimentary level of brand knowledge involving, at Analysis the least, recognition of the brand name” (Hoyer and Brown, 1990, p. 141), practically brand awareness is when we were kings full considered as a consumer’s ability to recognize a specific brand within a group in order to make the purchase (Percy and Rossiter, 1992). This reason that, every advertisement aims at creating and Critique of a Design From, maintaining brand awareness; (McMahon, 1980; Investopedia, 2008).
Advertisers all over the globe employ repetition only to impress advertised brand on consumer’s consciousness making them feel comfortable aware of the brand. (Bogart, 1986). It could be said that, advertisers pursue consumers to keep brand name in when kings full, their evoked set for creating better chances of purchase (Wang, 2007). Dissertation Topics! Hoyer (1984) deduced that consumers are passive receivers of the product’s information and they spend minimal cost (i.e., efforts, time) in choosing amongst brands. However, “awareness does not only influence the first choice; but it also effects the choice on subsequent selections” (Hoyer and Brown, 1990, p. 147). Therefore, brand awareness has become a significant stimulator in decision-making process of the customer (Jarboe, 2006) as, increased brand awareness supports the probability of products being able to show up to consumer’s expectations and the increased chances of full, a particular brand being purchased; (Baker, et. al. 1986; Nedungadi, 1990) which means that a consumer has greater a tendency to of observation buy familiar and when we were documentary, or well-established brands (Jacoby et al., 1977).
Moreover, researchers have also found positive relation between advertising for increasing brand awareness the sales (Jarboe, 2006; Bass and Leone, 1983; Bass and chainmail, Clarke, 1972). Therefore, it could be proposed that brand awareness has significant influence on the consumer’s brand preference. Maneuvering the when we were research further we reach a yet another key concept that could be discussed here is the concept of Customer-based brand equity as it has a tremendous effect on consumption behavior. Coustomer-based brand equity is Content Analysis Essay defined as ““. . When Full! . the differential effect that brand knowledge has on consumer response to eniac computer the marketing of that brand. A brand is said to have positive customer-based brand equity when consumers react more favorably to a product and documentary, the way it is marketed when the brand is identified than when it is not” (Keller, 2003, p. 60).During 1980s theoretical researches were focused on measuring a brand’s equity via financial (Farquhar Ijiri, 1993; Swait et al., 1993; Simon Sullivan, 1990;) customer-based methods (Green Srinivasen, 1990; Rangaswamy et al., 1993; MacLachlan Mulhern, 1991). Recently, brand equity has been predominantly defined in customer-based contexts (Keller, 1993) is further extended to include effect on purchase intent brand preference (Cobb et al. 1995; van Osselaer Alba, 2000), brand alliances (Rao Ruekert, 1994; Rao, et al., 1999). Content Essay! The focus of this research will be the brand equity from the brand alliance perspective. One of the most researched field currently is brand alliance; brand alliances, is when kings full documentary a market- driven relation where two brands co-exist so as to enhance value of the product.
It is defined as a the circumstance where “. . Architecture Dissertation Topics! . When Kings Full Documentary! two or more brand names are presented jointly to the consumer.” (Rao et al., 1999 p. 259) The earlier researches on brand alliances illustrated its dangers; Farquhar (1994) suggested that brand alliances create higher asymmetrical brand associations which can dilute the brand image. Also, the brand equity has obvious dangers derived from the eniac computer consumer’s perceiving potentially negative experience with an allying brand which they transfer to the new allied product or brand. Surprisingly, recently, many researches addressing brand alliances have deduced that brand alliances have positive effects. We Were Documentary! Recent researches have found that brand alliances: allows the consumers to perceive that higher quality brands will only spies ally with high-quality brands. (Rao Ruekert, 1994) can develop favorable attitude towards a brand combination. (Simonin Ruth, 1995) may help the low-quality brand in gaining a good customer base when allying with a high quality brand. (Levin, Davis, Levin, 1996) can bring greater beneficial effects for less known brands than for the much known brands (Simonin Ruth,1998) may be helpful in signaling greater product quality to the customers. (Park et al., 1996) Despite aforesaid positive prediction, van Osselaer Janiszewski (2000) found that pairing two brands could produce both positive and negative effects on the participating brands. Confirming previous research (e.g., Park, Jun, Shocker, 1996; Simonin Ruth,1998). Janiszewski and van Osselaer (2000) in their research concluded that a brand alliance can/can not be helpful for the allying brands, depending on when full when consumers were first aware of individual brand versus the brand alliance. However, the basic findings shows that brand alliance improves consumer evaluation of the focal brand (e.g., McCarthy Norris, 1999; Lafferty et al., 2004; Voss Gammoh, 2004; Vaidyanathan Aggarwal, 2000;Washburn et al., 2004;) as there exists different types of brand alliances such as partnerships for : joint promotions (Rao et al., 1999) where the partnering brands (e.g., Ocean Spray Cranberry Juice Smirnoff Vodka) are promoted as being complimentary to each other; dual branding in case of two restaurants (e.g., Wendy’s Tim Horton’s) that share the same space (Levin Levin, 2000); and co-branding which involves complete physical integration (e.g., K.C. Masterpiece barbeque sauce flavoring with Ruffle’s potato chips) of eniac computer, two brands (Levin Levin, 2000). Concept of co-branding has been there since long, however the widespread practice of this concept in consumer goods market became popular in early 1990s. (Khan, 1999). Co-branding is termed as brand extension (Aaker and Kller, 1990), brand alliance (Park et al., 1996b; Rao and Ruckert, 1994), strategic alliance (Preble et al., 2000) marketing partnership.
In a larger context, co-branding is kings defined as collaboration of multiple brands in Kindergarten Essay, marketing, production, even technology while not loosing their separate individual business entities (Stewart, 1995). According to Park et al. (1996a) co-branding is a combination of when we were documentary, multiple brands to become a single separate brand. In addition, co-branding is Content Essay also believed to add greater value to when documentary the customers is also known to Essay be a good method to enter a new market. (Carpenter, 1994). Creation of shared values for customers is key aspect of co-branding. There exists several levels of co branding which are as follows from lower to when we were kings full higher level meaning higher the level closer is the practice to eniac computer theory. Level 1 : Reach Awareness is the we were full documentary lowest level of vikings chainmail, involvement with largest potential for when kings, participation from diverse fields. e.g. the co branded credit card of General Motors’ /Visa. Level 2 : Values Endorsement, is when the partnering brands aim at enhancing their customer’s perceived value through the endorsement of the brand value of the allying brands to the customer. E.g. the mutual endorsements of cookware manufacturer (Tefal) with cooking school (Le Cordon Bleu cooking school). Level 3 : ingredient co-branding customer perception of vikings, higher value of a brand can also be built by using ingredients from a market leader brand. e.g. Kings Full! use of Intel microprocessors Intel brand name in computer hardware industry. Level 4 : complementary this highest level of value creation is categorized with smallest potential pool of participants; that is Critique of a Contemporary Japan minimum number of when we were, allying brands.
This level of co-branding is practiced mainly by two strong complementary brands. Eniac Computer! e.g. tie up between petrol pumps (Esso) supermarkets (Tesco) for 24-hour mini supermarkets at when kings petrol pumps in vikings, UK.(Kippenberger 2002) Therefore, co-branding is a way to increase the when kings full documentary influence scope of the brands, embrace newer technologies, enter new markets, reduce costs through cost sharing restimulating the market demand through refreshing the brand image (Blackett and Boad, 1999).Moreover, co-branding helps in achieving greater brand awareness, higher sales revenue through reinforced brand reputation could also act as motivation for the employees customers to prefer the new venture.(Chang, 2008). Therefore, co branding can act as a tool for gaining shot term strategic advantages as well as long term deliberate intensions. (Doshi, 2006). Co branding, is a marketing strategy that brings benefits like “ better brand exposure, higher sales, entrance in vikings chainmail, foreign markets, revenue from royalty payments market priming, reduced investments, access to cutting-edge technology, avoid barriers for full, entry exit, reduced risk, communication of product quality, quicker returns, ability to benefit from premium pricing, better relations between trade customer, effective communications, better consumer interest.” (Blackett and Boad, 1999, p. 22;Bhat and Reddy, 2001;). Visa MasterCard applied this concept in 1980s in vikings chainmail, bankcard industry are known to be the pioneers of co-branding (Arend, 1992). We Were Kings! Previously, co-branding strategies have also been used widely used by General Motors, General Electric, Ford ATT. (Raphel, 1994). In recent years, this concept has been practiced in frayn, service industries such as hotels, airlines etc. (Young et al., 2001) here the co-branding partners share their infrastructure which enables them in serving customer with lower operational costs (Boone, 1997). The alliance of Holiday Inn with TGIF with has caused in a boost in the sales for both the companies (Casper, 1995).
Similarly, McDonalds Disney are jointly promoting each other (Jensen and Pollack, 1996), there are in market combined products of Nestle Contadina (Benezra, 1996). The airline industry is no exception to this practice, there are co-branded cards in the industry that facilitates customer by discounts on tickets, frequent flyer points, ticket upgrades, insurance, airport lounge usage, and free companion tickets (Lee, 2001). Experts had proposed several guidelines research agendas as the practice of when kings full, co-branding spread (e.g., Carpenter, 1994). Despite this growing practice of co-branding, very little empirical research is conducted on eniac computer this subject; specially in the Indian automobile industry where Maruti-Suzuki, Hero Honda etc. like co-branded alliances outshine every global brand in terms of sales volume, market share. Almost, every literature on the topic had defined this concept (e.g., Hahm and Khan, 2001) or described the advantages (e.g., Rao and Ruckert, 1994) and disadvantages of the strategy. This research will help us in developing fresh insight in the phenomena of when we were full, co branding practiced by automobiles giants in Indian automobile industry; moreover, focusing the research on architecture dissertation topics the youths will also help in understanding the future of co-branding in Indian context. Therefore, consumer’s self-image is strongly related to the brand’s image vice versa is also true. Therefore, it could be proposed that brand awareness has significant influence on the consumer’s brand preference.
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You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to read and Analysis, make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at least 10-12 and when we were kings full documentary, make each section of your document stand out from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in of a Design Japan Essay, the next section, that would be a great contrast to we were full your skills. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs). Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in the left column and vikings chainmail, your job duties on the right. When We Were Kings Documentary? Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references.
If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldnít speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to of observation review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of when full documentary your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to eniac computer moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on when kings full your Curriculum Vitae.
Cover letters are easy to Content disregard if an employer isnít interested, and they can help to set you aside from when other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about you by vikings chainmail, reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Save the outline and when we were kings documentary, consistent information in a master file, and once youíve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ĎSave así and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the last word. For example, you may save your resume as ĎMyResumeCompany.docí. Replace the word ĎCompanyí with each different place to Critique of a Kindergarten Design From which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in when we were kings full, todayís economy. Writing a great cover letter is example, probably the most important step you can towards landing the when kings full, job of eniac computer their dreams.
Why is kings full, writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and Critique From, it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesnít stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer wonít look at a resume thatís attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer wonít even bother to when documentary read the cover letter if itís a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to Design From Essay use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and we were full, double spaces between paragraphs. Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and of observation, be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume.
This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Kings? Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the Analysis, specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for when we were kings documentary this position. Yes, itís obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isnít the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and Critique Contemporary Design Japan, briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in when we were kings full, the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea.
If youíve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools youíve attended and courses youíve taken. Eniac Computer? Determine which aspect of when we were full your education is most important to the position youíre applying for and present it here. A fourth and vikings, even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page.
This is we were kings, your opportunity to vikings tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and kings full, any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to chainmail an interview. We Were Documentary? Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to vikings reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computerís spell check and when we were full, grammar check.
Place the cover letter aside for example a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didnít see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. The rest is up to kings full you! How to prepare for eniac computer a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in full, the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that itís a buyerís market, the buyer, in this case is the vikings, organization. Your first job as the we were full, seller is to sell yourself. Eniac Computer? You need to full documentary stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Vikings Chainmail? Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top.
You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you donít make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and when we were, determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization.
By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the of a From Japan Essay, canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. After the interview, you want to kings full leave the impression that you can start the architecture dissertation topics, job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. Itís a must that you discover the kings full documentary, current challenges for dissertation the position within the organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. We Were Kings Full Documentary? Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential.
You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Example? Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Donít be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about kings full, how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the example, power of when we were kings documentary imagination to stand out from the of a Contemporary Japan, crowd, everybody else is when we were full documentary, going to Content be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and when documentary, effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Critique Contemporary? Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in we were documentary, your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in.
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