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The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections

New penology

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book report tests Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. New Penology? A book report challenges students to on Sustainability and Sustainable, think and write critically about what theyíve read. In the new penology, early elementary grades, extra support is consequences, given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and new penology high school, they are expected to write book reports independently.

At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to cite dante's inferno, develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. New Penology? Thereís no substitute for reading the book. Choose a book youíll enjoyóreading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at Does Best?, your side. Jotting down page numbers and new penology notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, donít write in the book itself.

Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and phenomenon publishing. In the first step, prewriting, youíll plan what you want to new penology, say. An outline is Essay, a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. New Penology? Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book.

3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Essay Cognitive? Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for new penology, each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teacherís instructions before you create your book report outline. Dante's Inferno? Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the bookís title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to new penology, build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller?

Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so itís perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. Deforestation Consequences? In the body of the book reportóparagraphs two, three, and fouróyouíll describe what the book is about. This is new penology, your chance to show youíve read and understood the book. Assuming youíve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by Essay Income-Urban Need ELL Services writing an overview of the new penology, story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of consequences, view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure?

Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the new penology, main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Does The Veterinarian Know Best?? Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you donít need to tell every detail of the story. New Penology? Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the bookís climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the authorís use of any literary devices youíve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction.

If you are writing a book report on Essay on Cognitive, a biography or other factual text, youíll want to new penology, devote the body of your book report to consequences, a description of the bookís subject and new penology the authorís points of view. Use the chapter headings to help you present the Essay about Income-Urban, authorís ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you donít have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the important events in the personís life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Youíll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that youíll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the bookís strengths and new penology weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you?

If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the authorís arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. The Tip-of-the-tongue? Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After youíve drafted your book report, youíre ready to follow the next three steps of the new penology, writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title.

Give enough time to phenomenon, revising and editing, and new penology your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. Phenomenon? In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: ďExplain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kidís novel of the last decade. Please use examples.Ē This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing.

Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to new penology, read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, donít reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building studentsí writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction. Time4Writingís eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in on Sustainability Business, helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence.

Find out new penology, how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your childís writing.

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"The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections

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Internet Encyclopedia of new penology Philosophy. The term natural law is ambiguous. It refers to a type of moral theory, as well as to consequences a type of new penology legal theory, but the core claims of the two kinds of theory are logically independent. It does not refer to the laws of nature, the laws that science aims to describe. According to natural law moral theory, the moral standards that govern human behavior are, in some sense, objectively derived from the nature of human beings and the nature of the world. While being logically independent of natural law legal theory, the two theories intersect. However, the majority of the article will focus on natural law legal theory.

According to natural law legal theory, the authority of legal standards necessarily derives, at least in part, from considerations having to do with the moral merit of those standards. There are a number of different kinds of natural law legal theories, differing from each other with respect to Cognitive the role that morality plays in determining the authority of legal norms. The conceptual jurisprudence of new penology John Austin provides a set of necessary and Essay on Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, sufficient conditions for the existence of law that distinguishes law from new penology, non-law in every possible world. Classical natural law theory such as the theory of Thomas Aquinas focuses on Best? the overlap between natural law moral and new penology, legal theories. Similarly, the neo-naturalism of John Finnis is a development of Essay classical natural law theory. New Penology. In contrast, the procedural naturalism of Lon L. Fuller is a rejection of the conceptual naturalist idea that there are necessary substantive moral constraints on the content of law. Lastly, Ronald Dworkinís theory is a response and critique of legal positivism.

All of Does Know Best? these theories subscribe to one or more basic tenets of natural law legal theory and are important to new penology its development and influence. 1. Phenomenon. Two Kinds of Natural Law Theory. At the outset, it is important to distinguish two kinds of theory that go by the name of new penology natural law. Essay Determining If Low Need. The first is a theory of new penology morality that is roughly characterized by the following theses. First, moral propositions have what is sometimes called objective standing in the sense that such propositions are the bearers of Does Essay objective truth-value; that is, moral propositions can be objectively true or false. Though moral objectivism is sometimes equated with moral realism (see, e.g., Moore 1992, 190: the truth of any moral proposition lies in its correspondence with a mind- and convention-independent moral reality), the relationship between the two theories is controversial. Geoffrey Sayre-McCord (1988), for example, views moral objectivism as one species of moral realism, but not the only form; on Sayre-McCord's view, moral subjectivism and moral intersubjectivism are also forms of moral realism. Strictly speaking, then, natural law moral theory is new penology committed only to the objectivity of moral norms. The second thesis constituting the core of Essay on Sustainability and Sustainable natural law moral theory is the claim that standards of new penology morality are in phenomenon some sense derived from, or entailed by, the nature of the world and the nature of human beings. St. Thomas Aquinas, for example, identifies the rational nature of new penology human beings as that which defines moral law: the rule and measure of human acts is the reason, which is the first principle of human acts (Aquinas, ST I-II, Q.90, A.I).

On this common view, since human beings are by Essay nature rational beings, it is morally appropriate that they should behave in a way that conforms to their rational nature. Thus, Aquinas derives the moral law from the nature of human beings (thus, natural law). But there is another kind of natural law theory having to new penology do with the relationship of morality to law. According to natural law theory of how to inferno law, there is new penology no clean division between the about Determining if Low, notion of law and the notion of morality. Though there are different versions of natural law theory, all subscribe to the thesis that there are at least some laws that depend for their authority not on some pre-existing human convention, but on the logical relationship in which they stand to moral standards.

Otherwise put, some norms are authoritative in virtue of new penology their moral content, even when there is no convention that makes moral merit a criterion of legal validity. The idea that the and Sustainable Business, concepts of new penology law and the tip-of-the-tongue, morality intersect in some way is called the Overlap Thesis. As an empirical matter, many natural law moral theorists are also natural law legal theorists, but the two theories, strictly speaking, are logically independent. One can deny natural law theory of new penology law but hold a natural law theory of morality. John Austin, the Essay, most influential of the early legal positivists, for example, denied the new penology, Overlap Thesis but held something that resembles a natural law ethical theory. Indeed, Austin explicitly endorsed the view that it is not necessarily true that the legal validity of a norm depends on whether its content conforms to inferno morality. But while Austin thus denied the Overlap Thesis, he accepted an objectivist moral theory; indeed, Austin inherited his utilitarianism almost wholesale from J.S. Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Here it is worth noting that utilitarians sometimes seem to suggest that they derive their utilitarianism from certain facts about human nature; as Bentham once wrote, nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.

It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of new penology right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to about Determining if Low Need ELL Services their throne (Bentham 1948, 1). Thus, a commitment to natural law theory of new penology morality is consistent with the denial of natural law theory of law. Conversely, one could, though this would be unusual, accept a natural law theory of law without holding a natural law theory of morality. One could, for example, hold that the conceptual point of law is, in part, to reproduce the demands of morality, but also hold a form of ethical subjectivism (or relativism). On this peculiar view, the conceptual point of law would be to enforce those standards that are morally valid in virtue of the Veterinarian Best? Essay cultural consensus. For this reason, natural law theory of new penology law is logically independent of natural law theory of morality. The remainder of this essay will be exclusively concerned with natural law theories of law.

a. The Project of Behaviour Conceptual Jurisprudence. The principal objective of conceptual (or analytic) jurisprudence has traditionally been to provide an account of what distinguishes law as a system of norms from other systems of norms, such as ethical norms. As John Austin describes the project, conceptual jurisprudence seeks the essence or nature which is new penology common to on Sustainability Business all laws that are properly so called (Austin 1995, 11). Accordingly, the task of new penology conceptual jurisprudence is to provide a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of law that distinguishes law from the Veterinarian, non-law in every possible world. While this task is usually interpreted as an attempt to analyze the concepts of law and new penology, legal system, there is some confusion as to cite both the value and character of conceptual analysis in philosophy of law. As Brian Leiter (1998) points out, philosophy of law is new penology one of the few philosophical disciplines that takes conceptual analysis as its principal concern; most other areas in philosophy have taken a naturalistic turn, incorporating the tools and methods of the sciences. To clarify the role of conceptual analysis in law, Brian Bix (1995) distinguishes a number of different purposes that can be served by conceptual claims: (1) to track linguistic usage; (2) to Essay on Therapy stipulate meanings; (3) to explain what is important or essential about a class of objects; and (4) to establish an evaluative test for the concept-word. Bix takes conceptual analysis in law to be primarily concerned with (3) and (4). In any event, conceptual analysis of law remains an important, if controversial, project in contemporary legal theory. New Penology. Conceptual theories of law have traditionally been characterized in terms of their posture towards the Overlap Thesis.

Thus, conceptual theories of law have traditionally been divided into two main categories: those like natural law legal theory that affirm there is a conceptual relation between law and Essay on Cognitive, morality and new penology, those like legal positivism that deny such a relation. All forms of natural law theory subscribe to the Overlap Thesis, which asserts that there is some kind of non-conventional relation between law and morality. According to this view, then, the dante's, notion of law cannot be fully articulated without some reference to moral notions. Though the Overlap Thesis may seem unambiguous, there are a number of different ways in which it can be interpreted. The strongest construction of the Overlap Thesis forms the foundation for the classical naturalism of Aquinas and Blackstone. Aquinas distinguishes four kinds of law: (1) eternal law; (2) natural law; (3) human law; and (4) divine law. Eternal law is comprised of those laws that govern the nature of an eternal universe; as Susan Dimock (1999, 22) puts it, one can think of new penology eternal law as comprising all those scientific (physical, chemical, biological, psychological, etc.) 'laws' by which the universe is ordered.

Divine law is concerned with those standards that must be satisfied by a human being to achieve eternal salvation. One cannot discover divine law by natural reason alone; the precepts of divine law are disclosed only through divine revelation. The natural law is comprised of those precepts of the Essay, eternal law that govern the behavior of beings possessing reason and free will. The first precept of the natural law, according to Aquinas, is the new penology, somewhat vacuous imperative to do good and consequences, avoid evil. Here it is worth noting that Aquinas holds a natural law theory of morality: what is good and evil, according to Aquinas, is derived from the rational nature of human beings. Good and new penology, evil are thus both objective and universal. But Aquinas is Therapy also a natural law legal theorist.

On his view, a human law (that is, that which is new penology promulgated by human beings) is valid only insofar as its content conforms to the content of the deforestation, natural law; as Aquinas puts the point: [E]very human law has just so much of the nature of law as is derived from the law of nature. But if in new penology any point it deflects from the law of nature, it is no longer a law but a perversion of law (ST I-II, Q.95, A.II). To paraphrase Augustine's famous remark, an Essay Business, unjust law is really no law at all. The idea that a norm that does not conform to new penology the natural law cannot be legally valid is the defining thesis of conceptual naturalism. As William Blackstone describes the thesis, This law of nature, being co-eval with mankind and dictated by God himself, is of course superior in obligation to any other. It is binding over all the globe, in all countries, and at all times: no human laws are of any validity, if contrary to this; and Essay and Sustainable, such of them as are valid derive all their force, and all their authority, mediately or immediately, from this original (1979, 41). In this passage, Blackstone articulates the two claims that constitute the theoretical core of conceptual naturalism: 1) there can be no legally valid standards that conflict with the natural law; and 2) all valid laws derive what force and authority they have from the natural law.

It should be noted that classical naturalism is consistent with allowing a substantial role to human beings in the manufacture of law. While the classical naturalist seems committed to the claim that the law necessarily incorporates all moral principles, this claim does not imply that the law is exhausted by new penology the set of moral principles. There will still be coordination problems (e.g., which side of the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, road to drive on) that can be resolved in any number of new penology ways consistent with the set of moral principles. Thus, the classical naturalist does not deny that human beings have considerable discretion in Best? creating natural law. Rather she claims only that such discretion is necessarily limited by moral norms: legal norms that are promulgated by human beings are valid only if they are consistent with morality. Critics of conceptual naturalism have raised a number of objections to this view. First, it has often been pointed out that, contra Augustine, unjust laws are all-too- frequently enforced against persons. As Austin petulantly put the point: Now, to say that human laws which conflict with the Divine law are not binding, that is to say, are not laws, is to talk stark nonsense. The most pernicious laws, and new penology, therefore those which are most opposed to the will of God, have been and deforestation consequences, are continually enforced as laws by judicial tribunals. Suppose an act innocuous, or positively beneficial, be prohibited by the sovereign under the penalty of new penology death; if I commit this act, I shall be tried and condemned, and if I object to the sentence, that it is contrary to Know the law of God, who has commanded that human lawgivers shall not prohibit acts which have no evil consequences, the Court of Justice will demonstrate the inconclusiveness of my reasoning by hanging me up, in pursuance of the law of which I have impugned the validity (Austin 1995, 158).

Of course, as Brian Bix (1999) points out, the argument does little work for Austin because it is always possible for a court to enforce a law against a person that does not satisfy Austin's own theory of legal validity. Another frequently expressed worry is that conceptual naturalism undermines the possibility of moral criticism of the new penology, law; inasmuch as conformity with natural law is Essay about Determining Need a necessary condition for new penology, legal validity, all valid law is, by definition, morally just. Thus, on this line of Essay Determining Need reasoning, the legal validity of a norm necessarily entails its moral justice. As Jules Coleman and Jeffrey Murphy (1990, 18) put the point: The important things [conceptual naturalism] supposedly allows us to do (e.g., morally evaluate the law and determine our moral obligations with respect to the law) are actually rendered more difficult by new penology its collapse of the distinction between morality and law. If we really want to think about the how to cite, law from the moral point of view, it may obscure the task if we see law and morality as essentially linked in some way. Moral criticism and reform of law may be aided by an initial moral skepticism about the law.

There are a couple of problems with this line of objection. First, conceptual naturalism does not foreclose criticism of those norms that are being enforced by a society as law. Insofar as it can plausibly be claimed that the content of a norm being enforced by society as law does not conform to the natural law, this is a legitimate ground of moral criticism: given that the norm being enforced by law is new penology unjust, it follows, according to conceptual naturalism, that it is not legally valid. Thus, the state commits wrong by enforcing that norm against private citizens. Second, and deforestation, more importantly, this line of objection seeks to criticize a conceptual theory of law by new penology pointing to its practical implications n a strategy that seems to Students Need commit a category mistake.

Conceptual jurisprudence assumes the existence of new penology a core of social practices (constituting law) that requires a conceptual explanation. Phenomenon. The project motivating conceptual jurisprudence, then, is to articulate the concept of law in a way that accounts for these pre-existing social practices. A conceptual theory of law can legitimately be criticized for its failure to adequately account for the pre-existing data, as it were; but it cannot legitimately be criticized for either its normative quality or its practical implications. A more interesting line of argument has recently been taken up by new penology Brian Bix (1996). Following John Finnis (1980), Bix rejects the interpretation of Aquinas and Blackstone as conceptual naturalists, arguing instead that the the Veterinarian Know Essay, claim that an new penology, unjust law is not a law should not be taken literally: A more reasonable interpretation of statements like an unjust law is no law at all is that unjust laws are not laws in the fullest sense. As we might say of some professional, who had the necessary degrees and credentials, but seemed nonetheless to lack the necessary ability or judgment: she's no lawyer or he's no doctor. This only indicates that we do not think that the Essay on Cognitive Therapy, title in this case carries with it all the implications it usually does.

Similarly, to say that an unjust law is not really law may only new penology, be to point out that it does not carry the on Sustainability Business, same moral force or offer the new penology, same reasons for action as laws consistent with higher law (Bix 1996, 226). Thus, Bix construes Aquinas and Blackstone as having views more similar to the neo- naturalism of John Finnis discussed below in how to cite Section III. Nevertheless, while a plausible case can be made in new penology favor of Bix's view, the long history of construing Aquinas and Blackstone as conceptual naturalists, along with its pedagogical value in developing other theories of law, ensures that this practice is likely, for better or worse, to continue indefinitely. 3. The Substantive Neo-Naturalism of John Finnis. John Finnis takes himself to Does the Veterinarian Best? be explicating and developing the views of Aquinas and new penology, Blackstone.

Like Bix, Finnis believes that the naturalism of Aquinas and Essay and Sustainable Business, Blackstone should not be construed as a conceptual account of the existence conditions for law. According to new penology Finnis, the on Sustainability Business, classical naturalists were not concerned with giving a conceptual account of new penology legal validity; rather they were concerned with explaining the moral force of law: the phenomenon, principles of natural law explain the obligatory force (in the new penology, fullest sense of 'obligation') of positive laws, even when those laws cannot be deduced from those principles (Finnis 1980, 23-24). How To Cite. On Finnis's view of the Overlap Thesis, the essential function of law is to provide a justification for state coercion (a view he shares with Ronald Dworkin). Accordingly, an unjust law can be legally valid, but it cannot provide an adequate justification for use of the state coercive power and is hence not obligatory in the fullest sense; thus, an unjust law fails to new penology realize the moral ideals implicit in the concept of law. An unjust law, on this view, is legally binding, but is not fully law. Like classical naturalism, Finnis's naturalism is both an ethical theory and a theory of law. Finnis distinguishes a number of the Veterinarian Best? equally valuable basic goods: life, health, knowledge, play, friendship, religion, and aesthetic experience. Each of these goods, according to Finnis, has intrinsic value in the sense that it should, given human nature, be valued for its own sake and new penology, not merely for the sake of some other good it can assist in bringing about. Moreover, each of these goods is universal in the sense that it governs all human cultures at Essay Business all times. The point of moral principles, on this view, is to new penology give ethical structure to the pursuit of these basic goods; moral principles enable us to select among competing goods and to define what a human being can permissibly do in on Cognitive Therapy pursuit of a basic good.

On Finnis's view, the new penology, conceptual point of law is to facilitate the common good by providing authoritative rules that solve coordination problems that arise in connection with the the Veterinarian Know Essay, common pursuit of these basic goods. Thus, Finnis sums up his theory of law as follows: [T]he term 'law' . refer[s] primarily to rules made, in accordance with regulative legal rules, by a determinate and effective authority (itself identified and, standardly, constituted as an new penology, institution by legal rules) for a 'complete' community, and buttressed by sanctions in consequences accordance with the rule-guided stipulations of new penology adjudicative institutions, this ensemble of rules and institutions being directed to reasonably resolving any of the community's co-ordination problems (and to ratifying, tolerating, regulating, or overriding co-ordination solutions from any other institutions or sources of norms) for the common good of that community (Finnis 1980, 276). Again, it bears emphasizing that Finnis takes care to deny that there is any necessary moral test for legal validity: one would simply be misunderstanding my conception of the nature and purpose of explanatory definitions of theoretical concepts if one supposed that my definition 'ruled out as non-laws' laws which failed to meet, or meet fully, one or other of the elements of the how to cite, definition (Finnis 1980, 278). Nevertheless, Finnis believes that to the extent that a norm fails to satisfy these conditions, it likewise fails to fully manifest the new penology, nature of law and Does Best? Essay, thereby fails to fully obligate the citizen-subject of the law. Unjust laws may obligate in a technical legal sense, on Finnis's view, but they may fail to provide moral reasons for new penology, action of the sort that it is the point of legal authority to provide. Thus, Finnis argues that a ruler's use of authority is radically defective if he exploits his opportunities by making stipulations intended by him not for the common good but for his own or his friends' or party's or faction's advantage, or out of malice against some person or group (Finnis 1980, 352). For the ultimate basis of a ruler's moral authority, on this view, is the fact that he has the opportunity, and thus the responsibility, of furthering the common good by stipulating solutions to a community's co- ordination problems (Finnis 1980, 351). Finnis's theory is certainly more plausible as a theory of law than the traditional interpretation of classical naturalism, but such plausibility comes, for better or worse, at the expense of naturalism's identity as a distinct theory of deforestation consequences law. Indeed, it appears that Finnis's natural law theory is compatible with naturalism's historical adversary, legal positivism, inasmuch as Finnis's view is compatible with a source-based theory of legal validity; laws that are technically valid in new penology virtue of source but unjust do not, according to Finnis, fully obligate the citizen. Indeed, Finnis (1996) believes that Aquinas's classical naturalism fully affirms the Cognitive, notion that human laws are posited. 4. The Procedural Naturalism of Lon L. Fuller.

Like Finnis, Lon Fuller (1964) rejects the conceptual naturalist idea that there are necessary substantive moral constraints on new penology the content of law. But Fuller, unlike Finnis, believes that law is necessarily subject to a procedural morality. On Fuller's view, human activity is necessarily goal-oriented or purposive in the sense that people engage in a particular activity because it helps them to the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon achieve some end. Insofar as human activity is essentially purposive, according to new penology Fuller, particular human activities can be understood only in terms that make reference to their purposes and ends. Thus, since lawmaking is essentially purposive activity, it can be understood only in terms that explicitly acknowledge its essential values and purposes: The only on Behaviour, formula that might be called a definition of law offered in these writings is by now thoroughly familiar: law is the enterprise of new penology subjecting human conduct to the governance of rules. And Sustainable. Unlike most modern theories of law, this view treats law as an activity and new penology, regards a legal system as the product of deforestation a sustained purposive effort (Fuller 1964, 106). To the extent that a definition of law can be given, then, it must include the idea that law's essential function is to achiev[e] [social] order through subjecting people's conduct to new penology the guidance of general rules by and Sustainable Business which they may themselves orient their behavior (Fuller 1965, 657). Fuller's functionalist conception of new penology law implies that nothing can count as law unless it is capable of performing law's essential function of the Veterinarian Essay guiding behavior. New Penology. And to be capable of performing this function, a system of rules must satisfy the following principles: (P1) the rules must be expressed in general terms; (P2) the rules must be publicly promulgated; (P3) the rules must be prospective in effect; (P4) the deforestation consequences, rules must be expressed in understandable terms; (P5) the rules must be consistent with one another; (P6) the rules must not require conduct beyond the powers of the new penology, affected parties; (P7) the rules must not be changed so frequently that the subject cannot rely on them; and Essay Determining if Low Students Need, (P8) the rules must be administered in a manner consistent with their wording.

On Fuller's view, no system of new penology rules that fails minimally to satisfy these principles of legality can achieve law's essential purpose of achieving social order through the use of rules that guide behavior. A system of rules that fails to satisfy (P2) or (P4), for Does Know Best?, example, cannot guide behavior because people will not be able to determine what the rules require. Accordingly, Fuller concludes that his eight principles are internal to law in the sense that they are built into the existence conditions for law. These internal principles constitute a morality, according to new penology Fuller, because law necessarily has positive moral value in two respects: (1) law conduces to a state of social order and (2) does so by Cognitive Behaviour respecting human autonomy because rules guide behavior. Since no system of new penology rules can achieve these morally valuable objectives without minimally complying with the principles of legality, it follows, on Fuller's view, that they constitute a morality. Since these moral principles are built into consequences the existence conditions for new penology, law, they are internal and hence represent a conceptual connection between law and morality. The Tip-of-the-tongue. Thus, like the classical naturalists and new penology, unlike Finnis, Fuller subscribes to the strongest form of the Essay about if Low Students Need, Overlap Thesis, which makes him a conceptual naturalist. Nevertheless, Fuller's conceptual naturalism is new penology fundamentally different from that of how to dante's inferno classical naturalism.

First, Fuller rejects the classical naturalist view that there are necessary moral constraints on the content of law, holding instead that there are necessary moral constraints on the procedural mechanisms by which law is made and administered: What I have called the internal morality of law is . New Penology. a procedural version of natural law . [in the sense that it is] concerned, not with the substantive aims of legal rules, but with the Essay Determining Students Need, ways in new penology which a system of rules for governing human conduct must be constructed and administered if it is to be efficacious and at the tip-of-the-tongue the same time remain what it purports to be (Fuller 1964, 96- 97). Second, Fuller identifies the conceptual connection between law and morality at a higher level of abstraction than the classical naturalists. The classical naturalists view morality as providing substantive constraints on new penology the content of individual laws; an unjust norm, on this view, is conceptually disqualified from cite dante's inferno, being legally valid. New Penology. In contrast, Fuller views morality as providing a constraint on the existence of a legal system: A total failure in any one of these eight directions does not simply result in a bad system of law; it results in something that is not properly called a legal system at all (Fuller 1964, 39). Fuller's procedural naturalism is vulnerable to Does Essay a number of objections. H.L.A. Hart, for example, denies Fuller's claim that the principles of legality constitute an new penology, internal morality; according to Hart, Fuller confuses the notions of Essay Students ELL Services morality and efficacy: [T]he author's insistence on classifying these principles of legality as a morality is a source of confusion both for him and his readers. [T]he crucial objection to the designation of these principles of new penology good legal craftsmanship as morality, in spite of the consequences, qualification inner, is new penology that it perpetrates a confusion between two notions that it is vital to hold apart: the notions of purposive activity and morality. Cognitive Behaviour. Poisoning is no doubt a purposive activity, and reflections on its purpose may show that it has its internal principles. (Avoid poisons however lethal if they cause the victim to vomit. ) But to call these principles of the poisoner's art the morality of poisoning would simply blur the distinction between the notion of efficiency for a purpose and those final judgments about activities and purposes with which morality in its various forms is concerned (Hart 1965, 1285-86). On Hart's view, all actions, including virtuous acts like lawmaking and impermissible acts like poisoning, have their own internal standards of efficacy.

But insofar as such standards of efficacy conflict with morality, as they do in the case of new penology poisoning, it follows that they are distinct from moral standards. Thus, while Hart concedes that something like Fuller's eight principles are built into the existence conditions for law, he concludes they do not constitute a conceptual connection between law and morality. Unfortunately, Hart overlooks the fact that most of Fuller's eight principles double as moral ideals of fairness. For example, public promulgation in understandable terms may be a necessary condition for efficacy, but it is also a moral ideal; it is morally objectionable for the tip-of-the-tongue, a state to enforce rules that have not been publicly promulgated in terms reasonably calculated to give notice of what is required. Similarly, we take it for granted that it is wrong for a state to enact retroactive rules, inconsistent rules, and rules that require what is impossible. Poisoning may have its internal standards of new penology efficacy, but such standards are distinguishable from the principles of deforestation consequences legality in that they conflict with moral ideals. Nevertheless, Fuller's principles operate internally, not as moral ideals, but merely as principles of efficacy. As Fuller would likely acknowledge, the existence of a legal system is new penology consistent with considerable divergence from the principles of legality. Legal standards, for example, are necessarily promulgated in general terms that inevitably give rise to problems of vagueness. And officials all too often fail to administer the laws in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy a fair and even-handed manner even in the best of legal systems.

These divergences may always be prima facie objectionable, but they are inconsistent with a legal system only when they render a legal system incapable of performing its essential function of guiding behavior. Insofar as these principles are built into the existence conditions for new penology, law, it is because they operate as efficacy conditions and on Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, not because they function as moral ideals. Ronald Dworkin's so-called third theory of law is new penology best understood as a response to legal positivism, which is essentially constituted by three theoretical commitments: the Social Fact Thesis, the Conventionality Thesis, and the Separability Thesis. The Social Fact Thesis asserts it is a necessary truth that legal validity is ultimately a function of certain kinds of social facts; the idea here is that what ultimately explains the validity of a law is the presence of on Sustainability and Sustainable Business certain social facts, especially formal promulgation by a legislature. The Conventionality Thesis emphasizes law's conventional nature, claiming that the social facts giving rise to new penology legal validity are authoritative in virtue of a social convention. On this view, the criteria that determine whether or not any given norm counts as a legal norm are binding because of an implicit or explicit agreement among officials.

Thus, for example, the U.S. Constitution is authoritative in virtue of the conventional fact that it was formally ratified by all fifty states. The Separability Thesis, at cite the most general level, simply denies naturalism's Overlap Thesis; according to the Separability Thesis, there is no conceptual overlap between the new penology, notions of law and Does Best? Essay, morality. As Hart more narrowly construes it, the Separability Thesis is just the simple contention that it is in new penology no sense a necessary truth that laws reproduce or satisfy certain demands of morality, though in the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon fact they have often done so (Hart 1994, 185-186). Dworkin rejects positivism's Social Fact Thesis on the ground that there are some legal standards the new penology, authority of which cannot be explained in terms of social facts. In deciding hard cases, for example, judges often invoke moral principles that Dworkin believes do not derive their legal authority from the social criteria of legality contained in a rule of recognition (Dworkin 1977, p. 40). In Riggs v. Palmer , for example, the court considered the consequences, question of new penology whether a murderer could take under the Does Know Best? Essay, will of his victim. New Penology. At the time the about Determining if Low Income-Urban Need, case was decided, neither the statutes nor the case law governing wills expressly prohibited a murderer from taking under his victim's will. New Penology. Despite this, the court declined to award the defendant his gift under the Behaviour, will on the ground that it would be wrong to allow him to profit from such a grievous wrong. On Dworkin's view, the court decided the case by citing the principle that no man may profit from his own wrong as a background standard against which to read the statute of wills and in this way justified a new interpretation of that statute (Dworkin 1977, 29).

On Dworkin's view, the Riggs court was not just reaching beyond the law to extralegal standards when it considered this principle. For the Riggs judges would rightfully have been criticized had they failed to consider this principle; if it were merely an extralegal standard, there would be no rightful grounds to criticize a failure to consider it (Dworkin 1977, 35). New Penology. Accordingly, Dworkin concludes that the best explanation for the propriety of such criticism is that principles are part of the law. Further, Dworkin maintains that the legal authority of standards like the Riggs principle cannot derive from promulgation in the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon accordance with purely formal requirements: [e]ven though principles draw support from the official acts of legal institutions, they do not have a simple or direct enough connection with these acts to frame that connection in new penology terms of criteria specified by some ultimate master rule of recognition (Dworkin 1977, 41). On Dworkin's view, the legal authority of the Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Riggs principle can be explained wholly in terms of new penology its content. The Riggs principle was binding, in part, because it is a requirement of fundamental fairness that figures into the best moral justification for a society's legal practices considered as a whole. A moral principle is legally authoritative, according to Dworkin, insofar as it maximally conduces to the best moral justification for a society's legal practices considered as a whole. Dworkin believes that a legal principle maximally contributes to such a justification if and only if it satisfies two conditions: (1) the principle coheres with existing legal materials; and (2) the principle is the most morally attractive standard that satisfies (1). The correct legal principle is the one that makes the law the moral best it can be.

Accordingly, on Dworkin's view, adjudication is and should be interpretive: [J]udges should decide hard cases by consequences interpreting the political structure of their community in the following, perhaps special way: by trying to find the new penology, best justification they can find, in principles of political morality, for the structure as a whole, from the most profound constitutional rules and arrangements to the details of, for Therapy, example, the private law of tort or contract (Dworkin 1982, 165). There are, thus, two elements of a successful interpretation. First, since an interpretation is successful insofar as it justifies the particular practices of new penology a particular society, the interpretation must fit with those practices in the sense that it coheres with existing legal materials defining the practices. Dante's Inferno. Second, since an interpretation provides a moral justification for new penology, those practices, it must present them in the best possible moral light. For this reason, Dworkin argues that a judge should strive to interpret a case in roughly the following way: A thoughtful judge might establish for himself, for example, a rough threshold of fit which any interpretation of data must meet in order to be acceptable on the dimension of Essay fit, and then suppose that if more than one interpretation of some part of the law meets this threshold, the choice among these should be made, not through further and more precise comparisons between the two along that dimension, but by choosing the interpretation which is substantively better, that is, which better promotes the political ideals he thinks correct (Dworkin 1982, 171). As Dworkin conceives it, then, the judge must approach judicial decision-making as something that resembles an exercise in moral philosophy. New Penology. Thus, for example, the judge must decide cases on the basis of those moral principles that figure[] in the soundest theory of law that can be provided as a justification for Essay Determining if Low Students ELL Services, the explicit substantive and institutional rules of the new penology, jurisdiction in question (Dworkin 1977, 66). And this is a process, according to Dworkin, that must carry the on Cognitive Therapy, lawyer very deep into political and moral theory. Indeed, in later writings, Dworkin goes so far as to claim, somewhat implausibly, that any judge's opinion is itself a piece of legal philosophy, even when the philosophy is new penology hidden and the visible argument is dominated by citation and and Sustainable, lists of facts (Dworkin 1986, 90). Dworkin believes his theory of judicial obligation is new penology a consequence of what he calls the Rights Thesis, according to which judicial decisions always enforce pre-existing rights: even when no settled rule disposes of the case, one party may nevertheless have a right to win.

It remains the judge's duty, even in hard cases, to inferno discover what the rights of the parties are, not to invent new rights retrospectively (Dworkin 1977, 81). In Hard Cases, Dworkin distinguishes between two kinds of legal argument. Arguments of policy justify a political decision by showing that the new penology, decision advances or protects some collective goal of the community as a whole (Dworkin 1977, 82). In contrast, arguments of principle justify a political decision by showing that the decision respects or secures some individual or group right (Dworkin 1977, 82). On Dworkin's view, while the legislature may legitimately enact laws that are justified by arguments of policy, courts may not pursue such arguments in on Cognitive Behaviour deciding cases. New Penology. For a consequentialist argument of how to policy can never provide an adequate justification for deciding in favor of one party's claim of right and against new penology, another party's claim of right. An appeal to a pre-existing right, according to Dworkin, can ultimately be justified only by an argument of cite inferno principle.

Thus, insofar as judicial decisions necessarily adjudicate claims of new penology right, they must ultimately be based on the moral principles that figure into the best justification of the legal practices considered as a whole. Notice that Dworkin's views on legal principles and cite dante's inferno, judicial obligation are inconsistent with all three of legal positivism's core commitments. Each contradicts the Conventionality Thesis insofar as judges are bound to interpret posited law in new penology light of unposited moral principles. Each contradicts the consequences, Social Fact Thesis because these moral principles count as part of a community's law regardless of new penology whether they have been formally promulgated. Most importantly, Dworkin's view contradicts the Separability Thesis in that it seems to imply that some norms are necessarily valid in virtue of their moral content.

It is Does the Veterinarian Best? Essay his denial of the Separability Thesis that places Dworkin in the naturalist camp.

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The College Essay as an Early Memoir. Occasional reflections on the admissions process by Caren Osten Gerszberg, the mother of new penology a high school junior. Last weekend, I participated in a weekend writing workshop. In a sun-filled room overlooking the Essay on Cognitive, Berkshires, I sat amid 30 or so other writers for new penology two days, as we talked, listened, read and practiced the art of memoir writing. On the first day of the workshop, Dani Shapiro, the author who led the workshop, talked about inspiration, memory and the ways to enter into the telling ó and in our case, writing ó of a story. There I sat, struggling to put parts of about if Low Need my story onto paper. New Penology! Into what incident, relationship or place did I want to delve? How would it feel to unlock something that resides within me? How would readers feel when they interpret my words?

At one point, I looked out the window and the notion of the college essay popped into my mind. Cognitive Therapy! I suddenly realized that when these 17-year-old college applicants are drafting their ďpersonal statement,Ē they are indeed writing a short form ó or a portion ó of their memoir. My daughter, Nicole, has been giving thought to new penology, her college essay since her 11th-grade English teacher assigned students to write four different essays in that vein. Iíd read the drafts of those essays, and was touched and amused by the subjects ó her heritage, middle name, love of storytelling, and a ropes course experience ó she chose, remembered and recounted. Over these last several weeks of summer vacation, Nicole has been working, and Essay Business, working some more, on her common application essay. Sheís gone back and forth between two ideas, trying to perfect both, hoping that the one she ultimately chooses will best reflect who she is. Her essay will not be an account of her accomplishments, but rather a piece of herself that reveals itself on paper. Reorganizing my office this summer and digging through years of files and papers was part of my summer agenda.

And in new penology doing so, I came upon my own college essay. Determining Income-Urban Students Need! Although it was interesting and emotional to read, I wasnít too impressed with the new penology, end result. How To! The topic was my grandfather ó a Holocaust survivor ó and all that Iíd learned from his passions and ability to appreciate life after surviving the atrocities of a concentration camp. ďMy grandfather has planted a seed in new penology me which contains positive emotions of life and about Determining Students ELL Services, all it comprises. This seed will grow, and I will pass it on new penology to others so that the world will produce more people who appreciate lifeís offerings.Ē My grammar was surprisingly strong, but the Essay and Sustainable, writing felt, upon rereading, repetitive and unsophisticated. I donít even recall showing it to anyone before sending it off; maybe it would have been better if I had. Iím not sure that writing a personal essay or memoir is new penology ever easy. We set out to tell a story, and hope that our readers will be able to identify with, or relate to Best? Essay, our story, or perhaps just take something away upon which to new penology, reflect. While I sat in my safe haven last weekend, I listened intently as people in the room read portions of what may one day make it into their memoir ó should they choose to write one ó or may have been perhaps a part of their college essay.

Some exposed personal tragedies, relationships gone awry, and life-changing revelations. Others shared snippets of lifeís mundane moments that nevertheless left a lasting impression. It felt liberating to the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, be, and write, in such an environment. For Nicole and new penology, her fellow applicants, however, the slice of their story will be writing of another realm. The pressure is on to produce a personal statement that is simultaneously unique, heartfelt, illuminating and entirely impressive. This will be their chance to give a very different set of strangers an opportunity to turn the pages of their memoir, perhaps the most important one theyíll write for a long time.

To offer your thoughts on what Ms. Gerszberg has written, please use the comment box below. To read more by deforestation her, click here. Comments are no longer being accepted. My daughter, now a sophomore at Penn, completed her college applications and essays without allowing anyone to new penology, review them Ė especially her parents. Sheís always been independent (stubborn?) and this followed the pattern she established early in her childhood.

I viewed her applications as truly authentic in the sense that they werenít polished and proofed by teachers, counselors, and consequences, hired consultants. Iím sure there were flaws in the writing and misspellings (she is dyslexic), but somehow the genuine person came through. Of course it made me nervous. Of course I thought my help was needed. But truly it wasnít; the best thing is that she completely owned the process, and the result. She did it herself, and new penology, thatís the on, most valuable outcome for an 18 year old setting out into the world.

Wouldnít it be wonderful if we could stop the frenzy and let the kids do this on their own? Wouldnít it be wonderful if they could explore who they are during adolescence instead of new penology compiling resumes of activities they donít care about but look impressive on a college application? And wouldnít it be wonderful if they learned that their authentic selves are good enough without a bunch of adults pushing them to be something else? My advice is to how to cite inferno, trust them enought to let go; let them own the new penology, process. Sure they will make mistakes. Sure they will suffer disappointments. But what better preparation could they have for life? As a college admissions counselor, I read many of deforestation consequences these personal essays.

They are by new penology turn funny, touching and deforestation consequences, sometimes awkward. It is hard to consider such efforts as a memoir because truly a 17 year old has so little of life to new penology, reflect on. For the about Income-Urban ELL Services, most part, we view an essay as something that a student can use to demonstrate that they can write something that adds another dimension to new penology, the black and white statistics reflected by their high school transcript and standardized test scores. Although it is important to spell all the words right and for goodness sake get the name of the institution correctly the rest should not be a source of consequences angst for these students. Write something that sounds like you and it will stand up for new penology itself. Writing the college essay can be difficult because it is how to so unlike any other writing assignment that a high school student has ever done. New Penology! They are told to consequences, be witty, descriptive, and engaging, but at new penology, the same time they are trying to sell themselves and their personality to a committee of strangers. We find that as long as students pick one anecdote, tie it to past accomplishments and future aspirationsĖalmost any topic can make a great essay. Still, it is hard to convince many students not to re-write their resume with paragraphs or write all about their role model in life without ever divulging much about themselves. College essays are great practice for that future professional balance between humility and deforestation, self-promotion.

It is new penology really wonderful when we see a student embrace a well-chosen topic. While writing a college essay can be difficult, I actually liked writing my essays, especially the one I submitted as part of the Does the Veterinarian Know Essay, common application (and used for five or six schools). The key for me, was writing the essay on my terms. New Penology! I planned it, but not too far in advance that the topic was no longer personally relevant. I revised and the tip-of-the-tongue, rewrote it, but I never let my parents or anyone else see it. (I just trusted myself and didnít want my voice to be changed as result of othersí editing.) In fact, when I left an new penology, edited copy near the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, printer, my dad asked if I had left it there for new penology him to edit. I chose a topic that was significant to me, an injury that ended my varsity high school sports career. Behaviour Therapy! When I got to college and starting working with the admissions office, I heard one of the deans suggest that students specifically not write about injuries. New Penology! According to her, injuries, like the death of a grandparent, are commonly written about.

She explained to a group of deforestation consequences parents and prospective students, that, by in large, teenagers have many of the same significant life experiences. If you choose one those topics, which many students do, itís even harder for your application to stand out. I like to think that mine did stand out, but who knows? Congratulations on a great article! I think students write about such topics as injuries and new penology, the death of a grandparent because there is very little else in consequences their mundane teenage lives that forces them to reflect in new penology the way these experiences do. Some of the other experiences a teen may have had , however life-shaping(unwanted pregnancy, for instance), may be just too painful and the tip-of-the-tongue, private to write about. My own daughter is who she is in part because of new penology some unique experiences that she simply doesnít talk about.

I know what they are because I experienced them along with her, but she is a very private person (as I am) and shares very little about how she feels about on Sustainability Business them. She hates to new penology, be under a spotlight, and the Veterinarian Know Essay, would probably end up choosing a common essay topic that would not force her to stand out. My daughter was fortunate to be accepted by her ďfirst choiceĒ college and has begun her freshman year. While reading Ms. Gerszbergís musings I recalled my own experiences with my daughterís application process. I was most struck by the requests for the students to new penology, share their innermost thoughts and feelings about themselves and Essay about Determining Income-Urban Need, loved ones.

This was followed up with requests for the familyís complete financial status, down to the penny. New Penology! In short, everything is consequences shared. Then the student, who has bared her very soul to the anonymous admissions officers, receives a nice but generic rejection letter. Ultimately the new penology, students are accepted somewhere, matriculate, and succeed. However, I canít help wondering about the Does the Veterinarian Know Best?, lingering effects of this one sided courtship. I think we quickly put it to rest and celebrate the remainder of the senior year, the graduation, the ďfinal summerĒ, the countdown to new penology, matriculation day, and the ride back home from how to dante's inferno college without the child. Still, as I feel parental pride and new penology, share my daughterís joy with this next step in her life, I think there is something very wrong with this process that is deforestation consequences not fully appreciated. Perhaps she can write about it in new penology her personal statement for Essay and Sustainable Business graduate school. re: ęOver these last several weeks of summer vacation, Nicole has been working, and working some more, on her common application essay. Sheís gone back and forth between two ideas, trying to perfect both, hoping that the one she ultimately chooses will best reflect who she is.Ľ If Nicole can give herself ďpermissionĒ to spot the deeper, unexpected, but always ďthereĒ connection between her two ďseparateĒ essays, sheíll see that she can meld them into one self-defining piece of writing of inestimable power and supremely serenity-eliciting satisfaction.

You too, for that matter, with your own writing. What are colleges looking for? People who donít care what theyíre looking for. Thatís what the new penology, amazing process of writing a college essay is the tip-of-the-tongue really all about. Interesting article. New Penology! Hereís an interesting link to actual essays, some of which may surprise you. I find it difficult to buy the idea that editing or advice removes a writerís voice. Good editing does not, or else published prose wouldnít show its authorís style. The editing is too heavy-handed if a personís voice canít be heard. Itís like polishing a piece of figured silverĖthe polish makes the figures clearer and sharper, but doesnít efface them.

I wrote two essays ó one generic, and the other highly personal, which I didnít show anyone because I didnít feel I could. In the end, I decided to send the personal one, even though it hadnít been vetted. Essay On Therapy! I got into my reach school without having the best grades or scores; I think the essay must have stood out in new penology the sea of this-experience-made-me-a-better-person essays. I also work with a company that does a lot of college counseling for Does Know Best? high school students, and specifically student athletes who are hoping to play a sport at that school, and maybe even use that extra curricular passion to leverage them in the admissions process. We also have ex-college admissions officers on new penology board who have read a lot of essays. We have all come to the conclusion that the essay is one of the most important pieces in Essay about if Low Income-Urban Students the college admissions process. In many cases it is the only way to personalize yourself (especially when there is no interview) to the admissions officer, and new penology, show your character.

Many folks say that the essay should by no means be a memoir. It is about much easier for the writers character to be conveyed if they show a ďglimpseĒ or a ďpeek through the new penology, curtainĒ of their life, instead of the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, whole picture. Also, essays about lessons learned can be great for showing that, but discussing a major turning point in ones life can often be forced when coming from new penology someone so young. Athletes writing about their passion for the Veterinarian Best? Essay sports is rather taboo. But on the other hand, writing about new penology any other extra curricular activity or hobby (such as knitting mentioned above) would be a great way to show an officer something interesting about yourself that would never show up on the transcript. I also do not envy the kids applying to colleges these days.

On one hand they should be enjoying their last year of highschool, and on the other hand they are making a decision that will not impact the next 4 years of Essay Determining if Low Income-Urban ELL Services their life, but the next 40 years. While most big public universities require an essay, I wonder how important that essay is for new penology a student that fits easily into the admission requirements. It seems like it is not important at all really and Business, itís a shame that kids who are going this route are made to new penology, waste time with this nonsense. When the university we expect our kids will attend had to cite dante's, ban letters of recommendation (because they were aiding disasterous violations of the public trust) I cheered. One less stress on seniors in new penology the application process.

Ms. Gerszberg I was so pleased to read your commentary on the essay as memoir. Essay Cognitive! After reading so many applications, as an independent Admissions Counselor (and former staff counselor), I see this phenomenon daily. But memoirs rarely make good essays. When students try to write ďauthenticĒ accounts of their lives, they often lose sight of new penology their audience: the admissions department.

In so doing, they often fail to provide useful information to deforestation consequences, admissions staff, telling about friendships made, love lost, desires unrequited without how these things relate to new penology, college. Admissions folks can make educated guesses regarding how the memoir-like essay translates into a great student at deforestation, their college, but a good essay needs to take you there. Nonetheless, who can resist? When I was 18 and about to go to college, I wanted (a la Whitman) ďto sing myself.Ē Itís a rite of passage. Furthermore, applicants have a reasonable assurance that someone will read their essay, something that a blog or FaceBook canít really guarantee when you really need it.

Knowing that someone is listening and new penology, listening close enough to evaluate the essayís content invites all kinds of tales, many inappropriate. All of this is to say: the on Sustainability and Sustainable Business, College Essay Memoir is not usually useful for College AdmissionsĖbut itís here to stay. New Penology! Like any memoir, however, itís important to make sure it fits the audience.

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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. When you send out your resume, youíre really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure itís representing you to your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for an interview, itís important to new penology give your resume the same treatment ó to make sure itís polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative ó browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume. Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of cite inferno beautiful resume templates. Click the image to see more resume templates. Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by new penology Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to your name and consequences makes it more memorable. You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate.

This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhoulís resume is new penology still somewhat subdued thanks to the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesnít sacrifice professionalism for visual interest. Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally ó giving it a 3D appearance and creating the illusion of depth. Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and red to symbolize his analytic side. The Tip-of-the-tongue Phenomenon. Try using shapes and frames for emphasis.

You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines. Here, Michael Long frames his name and his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and new penology minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of how to cite this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and new penology plenty of negative space. There seems to be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to the tip-of-the-tongue forget the stuffy business lingo and show that thereís a human behind the new penology, piece of paper. Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his ďHello, nice to meet you. Deforestation. Hereís a little about meĒ header at new penology the top of deforestation consequences this resume, may help you create rapport with the person whoís reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyleís name and new penology a catchy tagline. How To Cite Dante's. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to show off your abilities).

Plus, once you put the work in, this ďbrandĒ is something you can use over and over new penology again ó on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. For a unique take on traditional resume colors, try light text on a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here. Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to be easily readable and Essay Determining if Low Income-Urban Students Need not get lost against the background. This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of new penology color and whittles down the the tip-of-the-tongue, information to only the new penology, basics (skills and past positions). Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the simplistic style. Does The Veterinarian Know Best? Essay. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an new penology impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury.

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Conclusion For Atticus Essays and Research Papers. ? Atticus Finch Lawyer Father of Jem and new penology Scout Single parent (Widower) Good influence to his children Defends Tom Robinson in his trial. . ďYou never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of viewĒ He believes Maycomb countyís courts, along with others, are the only place where all men are equal. Scout Narrator Gets into trouble by Ms. Caroline for Essay, knowing how to read. Tomboy Solves many of her problems by fighting 4 years younger than Jem Jemís sister Daughter. Black people , Harper Lee , To Kill a Mockingbird 761 Words | 5 Pages.

Poor or middle income group people 5. Businessmen 6. Creating Brands 7. New Penology! Adds and Essay Determining if Low Income-Urban ELL Services promotions 8. Low price strategy 9. Varieties available . for different age groups 10. New Penology! Various schemes for pre-paid and post paid customers Conclusion and Recommendation. Bharti Airtel , Cellular network , GSM 827 Words | 5 Pages. CONCLUSION Angiosperms (flowering plant) include in phylum Anthophyta.Angiosperms are plant that have flowers and fruit. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy! Their part of . the flower is a carpel which surrounds and protects the ovules and seeds. New Penology! The fruit surrounds the embryo and aids seed dispersal. Cognitive Therapy! The great majority of angiosperms are classified either as monocots or eudicots.Monocot embryos have a single seed leaf (cotyledon), and new penology pollen grains with a single groove while eudicots (true dicots) have two cotyledons, and pollen.

Dicotyledon , Flower , Flowering plant 719 Words | 3 Pages. Conclusion In part A of this experiment, we transformed the bacteria into an antibiotic resistant form by inserting a plasmid into it. We . used heat shock in Essay about Determining Students ELL Services, order to new penology make the bacteria capable to uptake a plasmid in the presence of calcium ions that help disrupt the cell membrane (heat shock is the combination of altering hot and deforestation cold). When they are capable of accepting plasmids, the bacteria are incubated with plasmids that carry the resistance to a particular antibiotic, in this case ampicilin. Agar plate , Antibiotic resistance , Bacteria 970 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Finch Character Analysis Atticus Finch is new penology one of the major characters in Harper Leeís To Kill a Mockingbird. . Atticus is consequences a lawyer in Maycomb, the representative of new penology, Alabama in the tip-of-the-tongue, state legislature, the defendant of new penology, Tom Robinson, and the father of Jem and Scout Finch.

Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus is portrayed as a man of integrity, great courage, and a parent who is Essay Cognitive Behaviour determined to show his kids what is right and new penology what is wrong. How To Inferno! Atticus Finch shows integrity and good morals in many. Atticus Finch , Doing It , Gregory Peck 889 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Outline for to new penology Kill a Mockingbird. Atticus Outline I. Introduction A. I believe Atticus is a good parent for Jem and Scout. B. The Tip-of-the-tongue Phenomenon! Atticus is a lawyer . for the town of Maycomb and has two children, Jem, a boy, and new penology Scout, a girl. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy! Scout acts like a tomboy. Everyone who lives in new penology, the town has lived there for a very long time and because the town is little, everyone is in each other?s business and knows everything about one another. Every summer a little boy named Dill comes down to play with Jem and Scout. They are all really curious.

Harper Lee , Pulitzer Prize for Fiction , Question 731 Words | 4 Pages. prejudice but also anyone who fails to conform to the social norms of the Ďtired old towní of Maycomb. Atticus Finch is one of the main . characters in To Kill a Mocking Bird.He is the father to Jem and Scout finch and the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon a lawyer in new penology, Maycomb County .Most of the main themes in the novel are shown in one way or another through this character. One of the main themes in the book is Essay Behaviour Therapy Intolerance . Atticus is adamant about his children not developing the new penology, same intolerant views that the other inhabitants of the. Atticus Finch , Black people , Courage 2298 Words | 6 Pages.

10/04/2013 Character Analysis: Atticus To Kill a Mockingbird was written by on Sustainability and Sustainable Harper Lee in 1960. It was a time in new penology, which African Americans . lacked the same rights as white people. The novel is a social critique set somewhere in the 1930s. How To Cite Dante's! Atticus Finch is one of the new penology, major characters in the novel. On Sustainability And Sustainable! He is the father of new penology, Jeremy ďJemĒ and Jean Louise ďScoutĒ, he is also a lawyer in Essay on Sustainability and Sustainable Business, Maycomb County, Alabama. New Penology! In a city reigned by social inequality and Does Best? Essay intolerance, Atticus represents justice and morality. African American , Atticus Finch , Black people 1566 Words | 4 Pages. in the novel: ďTo Kill a MockingbirdĒ.

The ideal behavior, in new penology, reference to these concepts, is shown by consequences Atticus Finch, who . as the father of Scout Finch (the narrator) and her brother Jem, represents the responsibility, justice, wisdom and the voice of conscience in the book. Through the outlook, behavior and new penology comments of Atticus , the Essay Determining Income-Urban Need ELL Services, author introduces an optimistic gentleman, whoís worldview makes the reader realize and reflect on the. Motivation , Optimism , Pessimism 796 Words | 3 Pages. Characterization of Atticus Finch. Characterization of Atticus Finch In the new penology, novel To kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Lee introduces Atticus Finch as a as . a loving and the Veterinarian Know Essay caring father, a supportive keeper of the law, a man of hidden talents, and a man of wisdom. New Penology! Atticus has a mind of Essay on Cognitive Behaviour, his own, and is unusual in both qualities and social status. New Penology! As a man of honesty and wisdom, he is how to cite dante's well respected throughout the city of new penology, Maycomb.

Father to Jem and Scout, Atticus plays the heroic figure in the novel. The Tip-of-the-tongue! He is a rather considerate. Atticus Finch , Great Depression , Harper Lee 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch is portrayed as an excellent father because he acts as an educator, treats people equally and allows . hischildren to new penology develop their own personalities by deforestation giving them more freedom. New Penology! Atticus is considered to be a pal parent, who shows his children lots of love. Besides being a lawyer, Atticus also acts as and about Income-Urban educator to Jem and Scout. One of the new penology, ways he educates them, is by passing on the lessons that he has learned in his life. Essay On Sustainability And Sustainable! But Atticus does not just pass on these. Atticus Finch , Harper Lee , To Kill a Mockingbird 1483 Words | 4 Pages. ? Atticus Finch and His Parenting Style ďTo Kill a MockingbirdĒ, an new penology acclaimed novel by Harper Lee, is recognized throughout the world. . On Sustainability Business! The novel follows a lawyer and his children prior to and during a legal case to defend a black male. That lawyers name is Atticus Finch.

Atticus Finch is not just an ordinary father. New Penology! He teaches his children things no parent of the 1930s, or even the modern time period, would think of on Cognitive, doing. His style parenting, compared to new penology modern day parenting and parenting. 1930s , Black people , Great Depression 1113 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Finch Character Sketch Essay. Atticus Finch is one of the major characters in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird written in 1960. Atticus is the tip-of-the-tongue a lawyer in . Maycomb, the representative of Alabama in the State Legislator and the father of Scout and Jeremy Finch. The major themes and ideas Lee emphasizes in the novel are social inequality and intolerance, education, legal justice and bravery are represented in one way or another through this character. Atticus Finch is a man of principles who is consistent in his views and deeds throughout.

Atticus Finch , Black people , Character 1430 Words | 4 Pages. 1/21/13 Atticus Finch Throughout life, many amazing individuals enter and leave, each having impact and influence on each person they have . been around. These people can teach others so much about events or problems that occur in everyday life by both their words and new penology actions. Atticus Finch is how to dante's one man who any person no matter their age, race, or background, can learn from. If the definition of a ďgood manĒ were looked up online, the computer would probably suggest to visit a site about Atticus Finch.

Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 1108 Words | 3 Pages. view, a girl name Jean Louise Finch that goes by new penology the nickname Scout. Atticus Finch, her father, is the lawyer defending a black man, Tom . Robinson, who has been accused of a crime. This story takes place in phenomenon, Maycomb, Alabama around the 1930ís. Atticus Finch does not care about age, appearance, or even skin color.

He is new penology not afraid to be himself and he is the same inside the house as he is on the streets. As the story progresses, Atticus presents himself as kind, wise, and calm. All the qualities which. Atticus Finch , Harper Lee , To Kill a Mockingbird 1170 Words | 3 Pages. to Negroes. On Therapy! One character in particular that portrays this courage is Atticus . Harper Lee shows Atticus í bravery time and time . again, never ceasing to new penology surprise her readers with new situations of the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, increasing severity. Never showing any sign that he is in difficulty, Atticus shows courage by new penology standing for his beliefs, never hesitating when he knows his course, and not going with the townís endless flow of racism.

Atticus consistently stood firm while defending his beliefs and morals but never. Atticus Finch , Black people , Evidence 888 Words | 3 Pages. To Kill a Mocking Bird: Character Analysis of Atticus. Characteristics Of Atticus Atticus was a character featured in Essay if Low Need ELL Services, the novel To Kill A Mocking Bird written by new penology Harper Lee. The novel . showed us that Atticus was caring. The novel also applied that he was very stern. It could also be seen that Atticus believed in himself in all situations. How To! Another characteristic that was strongly implied was that he was wise.

The final characteristic that was shown in the novel was that Atticus was courageous. In the novel To Kill A Mocking Bird it is shown that Atticus was very. Belief , Black people , Jury 1122 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus the Philosopher Atticus is a great father who sets a good example for his children. He practices what he preaches. . New Penology! Throughout the book, Atticus teaches Jem and Scout three important lessons, to keep your head up, have courage, and to not judge people.

Atticus teaches his children these lessons through words of encouragement and his actions. During the novel Atticus teaches his and his children to keep their heads up high. He teaches them this because he knows during the Tom Robinson. Bankruptcy in and Sustainable Business, the United States , Chapter 9, Title 11, United States Code , Do the Right Thing 1143 Words | 3 Pages. To Kill A Mockingbird: How Did Atticus Influence Scout. January 7,2012 To Kill A Mockingbird How Did Atticus Influence Scout In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, I believe that . New Penology! Atticus had a great influence on Scout. Atticus influences Scout by him treating all people with respect and equality and he looked at the positive side of people and events.

Atticus also taught her about treating all people equal no matter who they are. Atticus influenced Scout by telling her to treat nature with respect. Atticus teaches them great life lessons that will help. 2006 singles , A Good Thing , Black people 1287 Words | 3 Pages. To Kill a Mockinbird - Atticus Showing Courage Essay. minor or major problem, without letting fear have an Determining if Low Income-Urban Need ELL Services effect on new penology, the way you go about it. The Tip-of-the-tongue! In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch shows the new penology, . virtue of courage multiple times throughout the story. This is clearly understood when Atticus takes on the Tom Robinson case, protects Tom from the mob in front of the how to cite inferno, jail and going along with Heck Tateís lie about Bob Ewellís death. Atticus Finch is new penology a lawyer in Maycomb and was appointed to Essay Therapy defend a black man, named Tom Robinson, convicted for rape of new penology, a. Atticus Finch , Ethics , Harper Lee 1301 Words | 3 Pages. The Philosophical position of Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird by the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon Harper Lee.

First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. This quotation by Epictetus, a great Stoic of his time, describes . Atticus Finch's reasoning during the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Atticus , the new penology, single father of two children, Jean Louise Finch (Scout) and Jeremy Atticus Finch (Jem), is a strictly static character whose strong views and phenomenon sound judgment shape his relationship with them. The relationship between he and new penology his children bases itself on the tip-of-the-tongue, the views of. Atticus Finch , Epictetus , Ethics 938 Words | 3 Pages. TKMB GROUP ESSAY ATTICUS ďBut it was time of new penology, vague of optimism for some of the people: Maycomb county had recently been told that it . had nothing to fear but fear itselfĒ (Lee, 6). Maycomb is a small, sleepy town in Alabama filled with polite people, however, that kindness only goes on for so long. During this time, the civil right movement had not taken place yet, and about Determining Students Need white supremacy was at its peak due to new penology the Jim Crow Laws. Jim Crow laws ensured that all colored people live segregated. African American , Anti-miscegenation laws , Black people 791 Words | 2 Pages.

Contrast the Views of Atticus and Miss Maudie to the Rest of Maycomb with Regards to the Radleys. Question: Contrast the views of how to cite inferno, Atticus and Miss Maudie to the rest of new penology, Maycomb with regards to the Radleys. The Tip-of-the-tongue! Atticus and Miss . Maudie have always thought differently of the Radleys compared to the rest of Maycomb. Their different views can be categorized into three different parts- respect, privacy and bias feelings all towards the Radleys. Firstly, Atticus and Miss Maudie always had a clear line of respect for the Radleys. This can be seen in how Atticus addresses Boo Radley as ďMr.

RadleyĒ. Harper Lee , To Kill a Mockingbird , Truman Capote 915 Words | 3 Pages. ?OPTIONAL ESSAY: CHARACTER DESCRIPTION Atticus Finch, the new penology, father of Jean Louise and Jeremy Finch, doesnít seem to have any talents. He is a . lawyer, but no one seems to see that as very important. ďOur father didnít do anything. He worked in an office, not in a drugstore. Atticus did not drive a dump-truck for the Veterinarian Know Best?, the county, he was not the sheriff, he did not farm, work in a garage, or do anything that could possibly arouse the admiration of anyone.Ē (Lee 118) It becomes very obvious that his children.

Atticus Finch , Christianity , English-language films 456 Words | 2 Pages. grammatical features to present the characters of Atticus , Scout and Jem, and the special relationship Atticus has with his . children. New Penology! In this assessment I will explore, evaluate and explain this bond that Atticus shares with his children. The story takes place during three years of the Great Depression in the fictional Ďtired old towní of Maycomb, Alabama. The narrator, six-year-old Scout Finch, lives with her older brother Jem and Essay Therapy their widowed father Atticus , a middle-aged lawyer. Atticusís relationship. Black people , Harper Lee , Monroeville, Alabama 1302 Words | 4 Pages. ?To Kill a Mocking Bird Revision Atticus Atticus teaches important lessons to children- ĎYou never really understand a . person until you consider things from his point of view . . . until you climb inside of his skin and new penology walk around in ití Ė ideas on empathy, looking past peoples negatives, not judging Represents morality, see as Harper leeís spokesman embodying themes of justice, tolerance, goodness and courage and deforestation consequences her personal beliefs on them. New Penology! Shoots the mad dog to protect community- only. Harper Lee , Monroeville, Alabama , Parenting 426 Words | 2 Pages. Mockingbird, Atticus Finch exemplifies leadership.

Finch is a soft spoken attorney in the post depression South who agrees to represent a . black man charged with raping a young white woman. In a prejudiced region, during an oppressive era, Finch boldly chooses the on Sustainability and Sustainable Business, path less taken. Though he may have upset a good many in challenging the values of the new penology, time period, throughout the novel, Finch displays leadership by bravely acting on his principles, as well as in the way he raises his children. Atticus Finch. Atticus Finch , Courage , Gregory Peck 799 Words | 3 Pages. Coming to Conclusions The conclusion of an essay is a key factor of the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, overall effectiveness of an essay.

Often seen as a . New Penology! brief summary of the paper, the conclusion frequently revisits the thesis of the paper, sometimes repeating lines or words from the introduction verbatim. About Determining Students Need! This almost textbook-like format can be effective but is by no means the new penology, only option there is when a writer concludes an essay. In fact, the title of ďthe conclusion Ē can be quite misleading. Many types of conclusions do not. Conclusion , Essay , Reader 979 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Finch as a Moral Character. in the Parable of the Good Samaritan, the Samaritan man goes against all societal values to help the Jew after he had been left for dead by muggers.

In To . Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch serves as a shining beacon of morality in the face of the prejudice-ridden early 20th century Alabama. Atticus helps to develop healthy and moral attitudes in his children by encouraging them to avoid unnecessary conflict, to always strive to be the better person, but also to still be prepared to the tip-of-the-tongue accept. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 1077 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Finch as a Role Model Does your role model have a negative or positive impact on your life? Major of people has a role model they . look up to and make every effort to be alike. New Penology! Each person has a different perspective on a leader but in the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus displays himself as a hero being able to deforestation consequences resolve situations with fairness for new penology, everyone and prevent the town from falling apart. Atticus í actions impact his children, his peers involved with the court case. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 895 Words | 3 Pages.

Atticus Many books have characters that demonstrate courage, have patience , and show wisdom. In To Kill A Mockingbird there are many . characters display this qualities. There's one particular character that have all of this objectives , Atticus . Harper Lee's, To Kill A Mockingbird, Atticus is Essay and Sustainable Business a courageous, patient, and wise character. New Penology! Atticus is courages. Best? Essay! He is new penology courageous when he decided to defend Tom Robinson even though he thinks he is going to lose (100). He is deforestation defending. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 516 Words | 2 Pages. Character Analysis of Atticus Finch. Atticus People are judgmental everywhere you go. New Penology! In every society people view themselves either about consequences or below others.

In Harper Leeís novel . To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch experiences being the new penology, center of gossip in Maycomb, and also the center of threat to Bob Ewell. Atticus Finch is a respectable person in Maycomb, Alabama. He has such a wise and sensible view on dante's inferno, life. He learns from his mistakes and tries to be fair and new penology tolerant. Not only is the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon he a good citizen but a good parent to his children.

Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 873 Words | 3 Pages. yet the true main character is the new penology, narrator's father, Atticus Finch. Consequences! He is a man of great integrity and intelligence. A very heroic figure in . more ways than one, Atticus possesses traits like being principled, determined, and, more importantly, he teaches others. When looking at To Kill a Mockingbird, one can see that Lee uses lots of new penology, description, dialogue, and actions to portray Atticus as a heroic individual. The most important thing Atticus teaches in To Kill a Mockingbird is the message about. Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 1402 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus, Throughout to Kill a Mockingbird. Atticus , throughout the novel Throughout the Essay and Sustainable Business, novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, although Atticus Finch appears to be a loving . and caring father, he proves himself to new penology be more of a friend through the eyes of phenomenon, his children. New Penology! The author, Harper lee, created Atticus to Essay Determining Income-Urban be a loyal friend to Jem Finch and Scout Finch. Atticus has potential to be a friend to new penology his children because, first of all, the children call him by his first name.

Secondly, he seldom scolds his children. Atticus has little or no. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 925 Words | 3 Pages. Mod F 11/12/12 Atticus Finch and Parenting in To Kill a Mockingbird Atticus Finch is a single father of two children, . Jeremy Finch, also known as Jem Finch, and Jean Louise Finch, also known as Scout Finch. Atticus raises his kids by trying to instill good qualities and virtues, such as justice and equality. Essay On Behaviour! He also worked to develop a respective conscience in Jem and Scout. Atticus has a very kind and loving relationship with his kids. The parenting style of Atticus canít be criticized. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 708 Words | 3 Pages.

Atticus Finch Is an Exemplary Father. Atticus Finch, a lawyer and devoted father, is an intelligent man whose wisdom, consistency, and ability to see past the ill in people prove . him to new penology be a respectable and exemplary father. He teaches his children and the people of Maycomb how to stand up for oneís belief in Does Best?, the face of prejudice and ignorance even when faced with the new penology, possibility of being looked down upon and scorned. Business! His personality and character is retained throughout the entire book, making him an ideal moral guide and voice of conscience. Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 2244 Words | 6 Pages.

Is Atticus a good father or not? In the novel. Is Atticus a good father or not? In the new penology, novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus is trying to be a good father as much . as he can to Scout and Jem. He never brags about how to dante's inferno his abilities. New Penology! Atticus Finch only deforestation consequences wants to be a good father as well as a lawyer.

He is loving and caring, tells his kids what is the difference between good and wrong, and teaches them about peoples rights. Atticus as a parent is teaching Scout and Jem of fundamental values. He tries hardest to pass on to his children his. Anxiety , Atticus Finch , Courage 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss Harper Leeís statement in new penology, relation to the character of Atticus Finch.

INTRO Within this essay I will be discussing . Consequences! Atticus Finch and his relationship, with not only his children but towards Maycomb County. Atticus Finch is a complex character, often portrayed as a figure of isolation, wifeless and new penology alone in deforestation, his conquest to fight against new penology prejudice within Maycomb, within this essay I will take a closer look at the character of deforestation consequences, Atticus Finch, and whether he truly is the hero that Scout and Jem want. Atticus Finch , Black-and-white films , English-language films 1137 Words | 2 Pages. The Art of the Conclusion The conclusion of an essay should establish a sense of closure or completeness that leaves the reader . with lingering thoughts about the topic. Each writer has their own approach in composing a conclusion that they feel solidifies their argument; every approach makes different demands of new penology, a reader because of the moves the writer chooses to make. The essays ďHow to Tame a Wild TongueĒ by Gloria Anzaldua, ďTranslating TranslationĒ by Essay Cognitive Alberto Alvaro Rios, and ďJoyas VoladorasĒ. Conclusion , Essay , Essays 1160 Words | 3 Pages. Ferry, pd.7 English 11, 5.0 21 March 2001 Atticus the Approved Parent To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee reflects back to new penology the Great . Depression in the South. Need ELL Services! Scout and new penology Jem Finch are siblings who live with their father Atticus Finch in the fictional town of Maycomb. The actions and words of and Sustainable, Atticus's children reflect his morals and new penology beliefs. Atticus's personal integrity, good morality, and his reasoning ability make him an exceptionally, effective parent.

Atticus is an individual who is one of the few. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 2510 Words | 7 Pages. 1) Kind and understanding, strict but fair, Atticus Finch embodies everything that a father should be, evidence of inferno, this is in Scouts . description of her and her brother views of their father,ďJem and I found our father satisfactory: he played with us, read to us and treated us with courteous detachment.Ē showing he does what a father is obliged to do but treats them as he would treat anyone else and that they are on the same level as him. New Penology! A man of great strength and courage, he is Scout and Jem's. Atticus Finch , Black people , Gregory Peck 1280 Words | 3 Pages. around the and Sustainable, shootings circumstances. New Penology! There lacks an indisputable, completely factual account of the shooting and consequences its preceding events. Without the support of . concrete evidence murder can not be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. New Penology! I intend to show the conclusion , that George Zimmerman should not go to how to cite inferno jail, is true because the argument is sound. I think my argument is valid because of the premises that support it. New Penology! The first premise being that the Stand Your Ground Law in Florida permits the use of a fire.

Causality , Compatibilism and deforestation consequences incompatibilism , Determinism 979 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus 1) What is their role in the text? In To Kill a Mockingbird, composer Harper Lee uses a number of factors to embody the themes . and issues being addressed in the novel. New Penology! One of these key characters being Atticus , he hold the role of an advocate for cite, justice and moral voice in the text. It is Atticus í reaction to events in the narrative and his efforts to new penology teach his children good values that convey the composerís own values relation to deforestation consequences the issues of justice, racism and truth that are. Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 1049 Words | 4 Pages. Atticus Character Analysis Atticus is the father of Jem and Scout, and one of the new penology, main characters in ďTo Kill a . On Cognitive! MockingbirdĒ.

He is an outstanding lawyer, father and neighbor in new penology, the town of Maycomb. The story takes place during the Great Depression, and Atticus is an example of a man who worked with justice to maintain his family and educate their children, being the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, only parent they had. Everyone esteems him; no matter their social status he would treat them all as equal. That is something. Black people , Race , White people 1213 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus in To Kill A Mockingbird The good man is the friend of all living things. (Mahatma Gandhi) . His wise words represent Atticus Finch from Harper Leeís To Kill A Mockingbird precisely as he is a simple man who is an esteemed father and a commendable person with high morals and integrity. He is new penology a well-known lawyer in the town of consequences, Maycomb, Alabama where he resides with his son Jem and daughter Scout.

Atticus is undeniably courageous as he does not abide. Atticus Finch , Ethics , Good and evil 1514 Words | 4 Pages. Only Man Of His Kind The main characters in Harper Leeís To Kill A Mockingbird are Scout and Jem but their father Atticus finch is the . character the new penology, reader should care about the most. Essay On Cognitive Behaviour! Atticus is new penology a great father in many ways, he is loyal, he teaches his children by example and he always does what is right. Because of his age, he has lived through many experiences that have taught him great life lessons that he teaches to his children to help them make the Essay on Behaviour, right decisions. The definition of loyalty.

Atticus Finch , Do the Right Thing , Gregory Peck 1180 Words | 3 Pages. The Real Atticus Finch ďHow far you go in life depends on your being tender with the new penology, young, compassionate with the aged, sympathetic with the . striving, and Cognitive Behaviour tolerant of the weak and new penology the strong -- because someday you will have been all of the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, these,Ē George Washington Carver once stated. New Penology! In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Atticus Finch, a father of Jem and Scout and a lawyer in Maycomb County, is tender, compassionate, sympathetic and tolerant with everyone he comes in Essay on Sustainability and Sustainable Business, contact with. He does. Atticus Finch , Gregory Peck , Harper Lee 991 Words | 3 Pages. HINTS FOR WRITING A CONCLUSION Hint #1 Conclusion Words - Sometimes ď conclusion Ē words like these will help you . write the conclusion of an essay. New Penology! Most of the time, using the word or phrase in the middle of the Veterinarian Know Essay, a sentence is better than making it the first word of the new penology, conclusion . in fact in conclusion for these reasons as a result of in effect Hint #2 altogether indeed surely clearly to sum up overall truly all in all due to obviously definitely ultimately thus in effect consequently Four Strategies. Conclusion , Phrase , Sentence 842 Words | 2 Pages. 1 Mrs.

Raymond ENG-1D-09 May 14, 2013 Atticus Finch: An Ideal Role Model in Harper Leeís To Kill A Mockingbird No matter which conditions . they grow up in, almost all children and adolescents have someone that they want to be like. They have someone that inspires them and Essay on Cognitive Behaviour Therapy pushes them to new penology do their best all the time so that one day; those children can achieve their dreams about becoming like their role model. Essay! In Harper Leeís To Kill A Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is an ideal role model to his children. Atticus Finch , Black people , Harper Lee 1493 Words | 4 Pages. Introductions and Conclusions Introductions and conclusions play a special role in the academic essay, and they frequently . demand much of your attention as a writer. A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. New Penology! It also needs to engage your readers' interest.

A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context. The Tip-of-the-tongue Phenomenon! It will also, in some instances. Conclusion , Essay , Essays 992 Words | 3 Pages. ? Atticus Finch as a Role Model Children look to parents, and adults look to new penology societyís leaders for role models. These role-models are admired . for their intelligence, their courage, and their morality and act as an inspiration to Essay Business all. Atticus Finch, in Harper Leeís novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, is new penology a role model, to the Afro-Americans Ė represented by Calpurnia, the white community Ė represented by Miss Maudie and to his children, Jem and Scout. Atticus Finch is a role model to Afro-American citizens. Black people , Harper Lee , Puerto Rico 988 Words | 3 Pages. ?Results and Conclusion : Childhood Obesity As previously discussed childhood obesity is deforestation a major illness in the United States mainly but also . all over the world.

While childhood obesity has increased rapidly over new penology the years, many wonder what can be done in Essay if Low ELL Services, order to new penology fix this issue. Can a child`s cafeteria at school make a difference? If so, are there healthier options for children to choose from? Throughout the paper, the deforestation consequences, author will touch base on how the results of the data collection method, the. Cafeteria , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Atticus Finch, the new penology, hero of Does Know Essay, ?To Kill a Mockingbird,? and new penology Jake Brigance, the leading man of ?A Time to Kill,? are both brave, determined lawyers. . On Sustainability Business! Though they share some similar techniques in the way they defend their clients, overall their methods as lawyers are quite different. In the courtroom, Atticus ? qualities are the same as they are in his everyday life. He takes being a lawyer seriously, and sees it as a calling, rather than a job. New Penology! He is an experienced lawyer, and uses cross examination.

Atticus Finch , Discrimination , Harper Lee 922 Words | 3 Pages. Conclusions : We learned that some nasty stains can come out with some unorthodox products. We used on our stain Isopropyl alcohol (rubbing . alcohol), bleach, and shout. The product that did the best at pulling out Essay if Low Students, stains was the Isopropyl alcohol. Isopropyl alcohol is a clear, colorless, flammable, mobile liquid, (CH3)2CHOH, used in new penology, antifreeze compounds, in the Veterinarian Know Essay, lotions and cosmetics, and as a solvent for gums, shellac, and essential oils. New Penology! It did great job at pulling stains right out of the deforestation consequences, cloth. This. Alcohol , Ethanol , Isopropyl alcohol 523 Words | 3 Pages. Running Heading: hypothesis and conclusion Unit 4 Short Paper: Hypothesis and Conclusion Kaplan University Ashley Gramma . New Penology! CJ499: Bachelors Capstone in Criminal Justice Professor Christopher Elg March 12, 2013 Science proceeds by a continuous, incremental process that involves generating hypotheses, collecting evidence, testing hypotheses, reaching evidence based conclusions . Cognitive Behaviour! (Michael, 2002). The scientific process typically involves making observations, asking questions, forming hypotheses. Empiricism , Falsifiability , Hypothesis 1039 Words | 3 Pages.

? Conclusions of research Valuable first-hand knowledge of the new penology, industry in Essay and Sustainable Business, which the products will be used was gained through talking to . physiotherapists and doctors. New Penology! Completed questionnaires can be found in the appendix. An NHS muscular skeletal physiotherapist, Mrs R Townsend, said that the on Sustainability and Sustainable, most common area she has to rehabilitate is the knee. New Penology! This is most commonly done through stretches and slowly increasing joint range through the use of on Sustainability and Sustainable, a theraband. Other products are available to carry out new penology, these. Ankle , Foot , Human leg 873 Words | 2 Pages. Atticus Finch Monologue, analysis Gentlemen, I shall be brief, but I would like to use my remaining time with you to remind you that the case . of Mayella Ewell vs. The Tip-of-the-tongue! Tom Robinson is not a dif?cult one. To begin with, this case should have never come to trial.

The state of Alabama has not produced one iota of medical evidence that shows that the new penology, crime Tom Robinson is charged with ever took place. Behaviour! This case is as simple as black and white. It requires no minute sifting of complicated facts, but it. An Innocent Man , Atticus Finch , Black people 1144 Words | 3 Pages. DREAM OCCUR? IV. SLEEP A.STAGES OF SLEEP B.REM SLEEP C.NON REM SLEEP D.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN REM SLEEP AND NON REM SLEEP V. TYPES OF DREAMS A.LUCID DREAM . B.NON LUCID DREAM C.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LUCID AND NON LUCID D.DAYDREAM E.NIGHTMARE VI.

CONCLUSION I.INTRODUCTION Many people are interested about the meaning of their dreams, dreams that occur in different time, different situation and ways. It was an intriguing topic for most people, specially psychologist.Many spend much time and effort. Daydream , Dream , Dreaming 1953 Words | 7 Pages. To Kill a Mockingbird Essay (Atticus Finch) were many significant characters in To Kill a Mockingbird, but none as important as Atticus Finch. Throughout, To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper . New Penology! Lee, Atticus Finch was an ideal man who was selfless, honorable, and courageous, creating an interpretation that he alone was the hero of Maycomb County. Atticus ' selfless attitude throughout To Kill A Mockingbird was one of many traits that were important.

Firstly, Atticus agreed to defending Tom Robinson in court despite the criticism he received from the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon the. Atticus Finch , Harper Lee , KILL 997 Words | 3 Pages. ? Conclusion As with all failures the problems can be viewed from the inappropriate model for the strategic analysis. To understand the root . cause of problems, we calculate the overhead allocation rate for each of the model years from 1988 through 1990: 1987 1988 1989 1990 OH Rate 435% 435% 575% 565% It can be seen from the table that, after outsource of Muffler-exhaust systems and new penology oil pans, the overhead rate was dramatic increase from 435 % in 1988 to 575% in1989. The overhead costs.

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How to write a 3,000 word essay in new penology a day. Updated 30 August 2017. There's nothing like an approaching deadline to give you the motivation (and fear) you need to get writing Ė don't stress though, we're here to help you out! We know Ė you had every intention of deforestation, being deadline-ready, but these things happen! At some point during your time at new penology university, you're bound to find you've left coursework to the very last minute, with fewer hours than Jack Bauer to Essay on Sustainability, complete a 3,000 word essay. But don't sweat, cause 3,000 words in a day is new penology, totally doable! Not only Essay ELL Services this, but you can even produce an essay you can be proud of if you give it everything you got. Between nights out, procrastination and new penology other deadlines to juggle, the time can easily creep up on you. However, the worst thing you can do in this situation is panic, so keep calm, mop up the cold sweats and read on to find out how to nail that essay in unbelievable time! Just to clarify Ė we're certainly not encouraging anyone to leave it all to Essay and Sustainable Business, the last minute, but if you do happen to new penology, find yourself in a pickle, you're going to need some help Ė and we're the guys for the job. Credit: Dimitris Kalogeropoylos Ė Flickr.

Fail to plan and you plan to fail Ė or so our lecturers keep telling us. Reading this, we suspect you probably haven't embraced this motto up till now, but there are a few things you can do the morning before deadline that will make your day of frantic essay-writing run smoothly. First thing's first: Fuel your body and mind with a healthy breakfast, like porridge. The Tip-of-the-tongue Phenomenon! The slow-release energy will stop a mid-morning slump over new penology, your desk, which is something you really can't afford right now! Not in the mood for porridge? Check out our list of the best foods for brain fuel to deforestation consequences, see what else will get you off to a good start. Choose a quiet area where you know you won't be disturbed.

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Procrastination is Does the Veterinarian Know Essay, every student's forte, so turn off your phone (or at least switch notifications off) and refrain from checking Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, or any other social media channels you're addicted to. New Penology! We mean it! A good tip is to get a friend to change your Facebook password for you for 24 hours and make them promise not to tell you it, even if you beg (choose a friend that enjoys watching you squirm). Otherwise, you can also temporarily deactivate your account. Time management is of utmost importance when you have 24 hours before deadline. We know, water is wet, but you clearly haven't excelled in this area so far, have you! By setting yourself a time frame in which to reach certain milestones before you start typing, you'll have achievable goals to work towards . This is a great method of working, as it makes the Best? Essay, prospect of conjuring up 3,000 words from thin air much less daunting if you consider the time in small blocks. Let's say it's 9am and your essay is due in first thing tomorrow morning. New Penology! Here's a feasible timeline that you can follow: 9:00 Ė 9:30 Ė Have your essay question chosen and argument ready 9:30 Ė 9:45 Ė Break/ snack 10:00 Ė 12:00 Ė Write a full outline/plan of your essay 12:00 Ė 13:00 Ė Write your introduction 13:00 Ė 14:00 Ė Take a break and deforestation grab some lunch (you deserve it) 14:00 Ė 16:00 Ė Get back to your desk and do all your research on quotes etc. that will back up your argument 16:00 Ė 20:30 Ė Write all of your content (with a dinner break somewhere in the middle) 20:30 Ė 22:30 Ė Edit and improve Ė extremely important step, so take time with this 22:30 Ė 23:00 Ė Print and prepare ready for the morning 23:00 Ė (morning) Ė If you've not finished by this point, don't worry Ė completing in time is new penology, still possible. Just make sure you've eaten well and have enough energy to last you until the dante's inferno, early hours of the morning.

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Remember that it's your essay and as long as you relate your argument to the question and on Cognitive Therapy construct a clear, well supported argument, you can take it in any direction you choose. New Penology! Use this to your advantage! You may need to Google around the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, topic to get a clear idea of what's already been said on your chosen argument, but limit this research time to 20 minutes or you could be there all dayÖand no checking facebook! Now, type out 3-5 key points that you'll aim to new penology, tackle in your argument, and Does underneath these use bullet points to new penology, list all the Essay on, information and new penology opinions, supporting arguments or quotes you have for each point. Start with the most obvious argument , as this will provide something to link your other points back to Ė the key to a good essay.

Once you've done this, you'll now find you have a detailed outline of the Essay on Sustainability and Sustainable, body of new penology, your essay, and it'll be a matter of Essay on Behaviour Therapy, filling in between the new penology, lines of the tip-of-the-tongue, each bullet point. New Penology! This method is perfect for writing against the clock, as it ensures you stay focused on your question and argument without going off in any tangents. Credit: Steve Czajka Ė Flickr. Sometimes the introduction can be the most difficult part to write, but that's because it's also the most important part! Don't worry too much about making it sound amazing at this point Ė just get stuck into introducing your argument in response to your chosen question and telling the reader how you will support it. You can go back and how to cite dante's make yourself sound smarter later on when you're at the editing stage. Create something of a mini-outline in your introduction so you signpost exactly what it is new penology, you're planning to argue. Don't use the cite, introduction as a space to new penology, throw in random references to things that are vaguely relevant. When in doubt, leave it out!

Credit: Photo Monkey. Now it's time to gather outside information and Essay Behaviour quotes to support your arguments. It's important to limit the time you spend on this, as it is easy to new penology, get distracted when Google presents you with copious amounts of irrelevant information. However, you will find your essay easy to write if you're armed with lots of relevant info, so use your judgement on consequences, this one. Choose search keywords wisely and copy and new penology paste key ideas and quotes into consequences a separate 'Research' document. If using reference books rather than online, give yourself ten minutes to get anything that looks useful from the library, skip to chapters that look relevant and new penology remember to use the index! Paraphrase your main arguments to give the essay your own voice and phenomenon make clear to yourself which words are yours and which are someone else's.

Plagiarism is serious and could get you a big fat F for your essay if you don't cite properly Ė after all this hard work! Alternatively, use Google Books to find direct quotes without spending time going through useless paragraphs. New Penology! There's no time to read the full book, but this technique gives the Does Know, impression that you did! While you gather quotes, keep note of new penology, your sources Ė again, don't plagiarise! Compiling your list of citations (if necessary) as you work saves panicking at the end. Take quotes by Essay about Determining Income-Urban Need ELL Services, other authors included in new penology the book you're reading.

If you look up the the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, references you will find the original book (already credited) which you can then use for your own references. This way it looks like you have read more books than you have, too. Sneaky! Also, if you're using Microsoft Word (2008 or later) to write your essay, make use of the automatic referencing system. Simply enter the details of sources as you go along, and it will automatically create a perfect bibliography or works cited page at the end. This tool is AMAZING and could save you a lot of extra work typing out your references and new penology bibliography.

Credit: Rainer Stropek Ė Flickr. Get typing! Now it's just a matter of beefing out your outline until you reach the word limit! Get all your content down and don't worry too much about the tip-of-the-tongue writing style. New Penology! You can make all your changes later, and it's much easier to deforestation consequences, think about style once you have everything you want to say typed up first. More ideas could occur to you as you go along, so jot these ideas down on a notepad Ė they could come in handy if you need to make up the word count later! Use the research you gathered earlier to support the key ideas you set out in your outline in new penology a concise way until you have reached around 2,500(ish) words. If you're struggling to reach the word limit, don't panic.

Pick out a single point in your argument that you feel hasn't been fully built upon and head back to your research. There must be an Know Best? additional quote or two that you could through in to new penology, make your point even clearer. Imagine your essay is a bit like a kebab stick: The meat is your essential points and you build on them and build around each piece of meat with vegetables (quotes or remarks) to make the Cognitive Behaviour, full kebabÖ time for a dinner break? Ensure that all the points you wanted to explore are on paper (or screen) and explained fully. Are all your facts correct? Make things more wordy (or less, depending on new penology, your circumstance) in order to hit your word limit. You should also check that your essay flows nicely. Are your paragraphs linked?

Does it all make sense? Do a quick spell check and make sure you have time for potential printer issues. We've all been there! A lot of cite inferno, students overlook the importance of spelling and grammar. It differs from uni to uni, subject to subject and new penology tutor to Essay, tutor, but generally your writing style, spelling and new penology grammar can account for up to 10-20% of your grade. Make sure you edit properly! If you take your time to Cognitive, nail this then you could already be 1/4 of the way to passing! While completing essays 24 hours before the deadline is far from recommended and new penology unlikely to get you the best grades you've ever gotten (try our top tips for getting a first if that's your goal), this guide should at least prevent tears in about Determining Income-Urban ELL Services the library (been there) and the need for any extensions. Remember, this is a worst case scenario solution and not something you should be making a habit of!

Now, why are you still reading? We all know you've got work to do! Good luck! Exams coming up? Check out our guide on how to new penology, revise in one day too. If you're starting to feel the pressure mounting up, we've also got some great tips for beating exam stress, too. If you have any great tips you think we've missed, we'd love to hear them Ė use the comments section below! Earn ?20 Amazon Vouchers. Win ?250 Nandoís Vouchers!

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